Symphony No. 3 (Dvořák)
It is not known precisely when the work was created (Dvořák scratched out the note on the title page with a knife so effectively that it is not possible to reconstruct the most important data). However, the symphony was composed probably in 1872, but possibly not scored until the following year. It is also not possible to find out with certainty the original text of the work. It was premiered by Prague Philharmonic Orchestra on March 29, 1874 at the fourth philharmonic concert in the hall on Žofín (Sophia Island), conducted by Bedřich Smetana. The composition was revised by Dvořák in 1887–1889, though not printed until 1912 (after the composer's death) by N. Simrock in Berlin.
The work, unlike his other symphonies, is in three movements:
- Allegro moderato (E-flat major)
- Adagio molto, tempo di marcia (C-sharp minor)
- Allegro vivace (E-flat major)
There is no scherzo, the 3rd being the only three-movement symphony he wrote. The Adagio molto is his longest symphonic slow movement, and the Finale is the shortest finale. It was the first of his symphonies that Dvořák heard played.
The symphony bears the marks of Dvořák's preceding strongly neo-romantic period, but also show the progress towards classically disciplined progression. A typical performance of the work has a duration of about thirty minutes.
The work is scored for an orchestra of two flutes, piccolo, two oboes, English horn, two clarinets, two bassoons, four horns, two trumpets, three trombones, tuba, timpani, triangle, harp, and strings.
- Score, p. IX
- Score, p. X
- Dvořák, Antonín: Sinfonia III. Op. 10. Score. Prague: Editio Supraphon, 1989. H 3703.
- Symphony No. 3 on a comprehensive Dvorak site
- Basic information
- Symphony Nº. 3 Free Scores at the International Music Score Library Project.
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