Symphony No. 3 (Shostakovich)
The Symphony No. 3 in E flat major (Opus 20; subtitled First of May) by Dmitri Shostakovich was first performed by the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra and Academy Capella Choir under Aleksandr Gauk on 21 January 1930.
The symphony lasts around 25 to 30 minutes. The finale sets a text by Semyon Isaakovich Kirsanov praising May Day and the revolution. Interpretation is difficult: in a letter to Boleslav Yavorsky, Shostakovich said that the work "expresses the spirit of peaceful reconstruction"; on the other hand, most of the material preceding the finale is dark and sometimes sardonic in tone.
The symphony is scored for mixed chorus and an orchestra of 3 flutes (3rd doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horn, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, triangle, snare drum, cymbals, bass drum, tam-tam, glockenspiel, xylophone, and strings.
Notable recordings of this symphony include:
|Chorus||Orchestra||Conductor||Record Company||Year of Recording||Format|
|Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra||Kirill Kondrashin||Melodiya||1965–1975 (for complete symphonies)||CD|
|London Philharmonic Choir||London Philharmonic Orchestra||Bernard Haitink||Decca Records||1981||CD|
|Royal Philharmonic Orchestra||Vladimir Ashkenazy||Decca Records||1992||CD|
|London Voices||London Symphony Orchestra||Mstislav Rostropovich||Teldec||1993||CD|
|Bavarian Radio Chorus||Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra||Mariss Jansons||EMI Classics||2005||CD|
|Prague Philharmonic Chorus||Prague Symphony Orchestra||Maxim Shostakovich||Supraphon||CD|
|Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Choir||Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra||Vasily Petrenko||Naxos Records||CD|
Source: arkivmusic.com (recommended recordings selected based on critics reviews)