Symphony No. 65 (Haydn)
The first movement starts with three declamatory chords at intervals of a rising fourth and a falling minor second followed by a lyrical answer which constitutes the first theme group. This section does not appear in the recapitulation causing some scholars to question if this movement is in sonata form as its form is closer to that of an Italian overture.
- A. Peter Brown, The Symphonic Repertoire (Volume 2) (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 2002) (ISBN 025333487X), pp. 143–145.
- H. C. Robbins Landon, Haydn: Chronicle and Works, 5 vols. (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1976– ) v. 2: "Haydn at Eszterhaza, 1766–1790",[page needed]
- Elaine Sisman, "[full citation needed]", in Oxford Composer Companions: Haydn, edited by David Wyn Jones,[page needed] (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002). ISBN 0-19-866216-5.
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