Symphony No. 6 (Mozart)
Symphony No. 6 in F major, K. 43, was composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1767. According to Alfred Einstein in his 1937 revision of the Köchel catalogue, the symphony was probably begun in Vienna and completed in Olomouc, a Moravian town to which the Mozart family fled to escape a Viennese smallpox epidemic; see Mozart and smallpox.
The symphony is in four movements, and is Mozart's first in the key of F. Its initial performance was at Brno on 30 December 1767 The autograph of the score is today preserved in the Biblioteka Jagiellońska in Kraków.
Movements and instrumentation
The instrumentation for the first performance was: 2 flutes; 2 oboes; 2 horns; bassoon; strings and keyboard continuo. The flutes are used in the second movement in place of the oboes. For the first time in a symphony, Mozart uses two obligatory viola parts.
The symphony was included in a concert arranged by Count von Schrattenbach, brother of the Archbishop of Salzburg, given by the Mozart family (Leopold Mozart, the 11-year-old Wolfgang Amadeus, and the 15-year-old Maria) on 30 December 1767 at the Taverna in Brno. A local clergyman recorded: "I attended a musical concert in a house in the city known as the "Taverna", at which a Salzburg boy of eleven years and his sister of fifteen years, accompanied on various instruments by inhabitants of Brno, excited everyone's admiration"
Notes and references
- Zaslaw, pp. 109–112
- Giglberger 2005, p. X.
- Neue Mozart-Ausgabe (Score)
- Brown 2002, pp. 350–351.
- Kenyon, p. 143
- Quoted by Zaslaw, pp. 111–12 from O. E. Deutsch.
- Brown, A. Peter: The Symphonic Repertoire (Volume 2). Indiana University Press, Bloomington and London 2002 ISBN 025333487X.
- Giglberger, Veronika: (Preface), translated by J. Branford Robinson. In Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Die Sinfonien I, edited by[full citation needed] . Bärenreiter-Verlag, Kassel 2005 ISMN M-006-20466-3.
- Kenyon, Nicholas: The Pegasus Pocket Guide to Mozart Pegasus Books, New York 2006 ISBN 1-933648-23-6.
- Zaslaw, Neal: Mozart's Symphonies:Context, Performance Practice, Reception OUP, Oxford 1991 ISBN 0-19-816286-3.