Symphony No. 7 (Schubert)
Symphony No. 7 is the name given to a four-movement symphony in E major (D 729) drafted by Franz Schubert in August 1821. Although the work (which comprises about 1350 bars) is structurally complete, Schubert only orchestrated the slow introduction and the first 110 bars of the first movement. The rest of the work is, however, continued on 14-stave score pages as a melodic line with occasional basses or counterpoints, giving clues as to changes in orchestral texture.
Schubert seems to have laid the symphony aside in order to work on his opera Alfonso und Estrella, and never returned to it. The manuscript was given by Schubert's brother Ferdinand to Felix Mendelssohn and was subsequently acquired by Sir George Grove, who bequeathed it to the Royal College of Music in London. There are at least three completions - by John Francis Barnett (1881), Felix Weingartner (1934) and Brian Newbould (1980). The work is now generally accepted to be Schubert's Seventh Symphony,an appellation which some scholars had preferred to leave for the chimerical 'Gastein Symphony' that was long believed to have been written and lost in 1824.
This symphony is scored for an even larger orchestral force than Schubert's eighth and ninth symphonies. The score calls for double woodwinds, four horns, two trumpets, three trombones, timpani and strings.
- Adagio ma non troppo - Allegro
- Scherzo: Allegro deciso
- Allegro vivace
- Adagio - Allegro
- Scherzo: Allegro
- Allegro giusto
(The true marking is ffz rather than fz, but that is not available in LilyPond as implemented on Wikipedia.)
Unlike almost all movements in sonata form, there are no explicit transitions between sections in the Allegro. In both the opening and final movements, the statement of the first theme is elided from the recapitulation.
- "Oxford Journals > Humanities > Music and Letters > Volume 74, Issue 3 > Pp. 482-483., Schubert, Franz, Symphony No. 7 in E major (D729): full score, ed. Brian Newbould. (The University of Hull Press, 1992, ￡24.95. ISBN 0-85958-471-2.)". Oxford Journals. Retrieved 2013-03-27.
- Newbould, Brian. "Franz Schubert Symphony No. 10 in D Major/ Sinfonie Nr. 10 in D-Dur (Faber Edition), Realisation: Brian Newbould". Faber Music Ltd. p. iii in "Introduction" of this full score. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
The 'realised' and orchestrated versions now put forward were originally completed in 1980 and offered as part of such an exercise.
- Rothstein 1983
- "SCHUBERT, F.: Symphony No. 7 (arr. F. Weingartner from 1821 sketches)". Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Franz Litschauer on naxos.com. 1952. Retrieved 2013-03-27.
- "Schubert: Symphony no 7 (D729) in E major, Duration: 34:31". Ulster Orchestra on BBC. 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2013-03-23.
- Rothstein, Edward (1983-02-20). "Music Notes: Finishing Another Schubert Symphony". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-08-14.
- Brian Newbould
- Schubert and the Symphony: a New Perspective [Paperback] (Toccata Press, 1992; paperback reissue 1999), ISBN 0907689272, ISBN 978-0-907689-26-3 – Hardback, ISBN 978-0-907689-27-0 – Paperback
- Schubert: the Music and the Man (Gollancz/University of California Press, 1997; paperback reissue 1999), ISBN 0520219570, ISBN 978-0520219571
- Christopher Howard Gibbs
- "Preface to Symphony in E (After Schubert's complete manuscript of August 1821) ed. Felix Weingartner". Musikproduktion Jurgen Hoflich.