Symphony No. 85 in B flat major, Hoboken 1/85, is the fourth of the six "Paris" symphonies (numbers 82-87) written by Joseph Haydn. It is popularly known as La Reine ( The Queen).
Background [ edit ]
The 85th Symphony was completed in either 1785 or 1786.
It made its way to America early on, at first through a keyboard arrangement such as one played by [1 ] Nelly Custis at the White House. [2 ]
Nickname (La Reine) [ edit ]
La Reine originated because the work was a favorite of Marie Antoinette, at the time Queen of France. It is the only one of the Paris symphonies whose nickname is of 18th-century origin. [3 ] [4 ]
Movements [ edit ]
The symphony is in standard four movement form and is scored for
flute, two oboes, two bassoons, two horns, and strings.
Adagio– Vivace Romance:
Menuetto: Allegretto Finale:
The first movement contains a reference to
Symphony No. 45. The second movement is described by [5 ] H. C. Robbins Landon as "a set of variations on the old French folk-song 'La gentille et jeune Lisette'; see [6 ] Haydn and folk music.
See also [ edit ]
^ Robbins Landon 1963, xv
^ Kirk, 1986, 18
^ Steinberg (1995, 204)
^ Bernard Harrison, Haydn: The 'Paris' Symphonies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1998): 101
^ Harrison, 88
^ Robbins Landon 1963, xvii
References [ edit ]
Robbins Landon, H. C. (1963)
Joseph Haydn: Critical Edition of the Complete Symphonies, Universal Edition, Vienna
Steinberg, Michael (1995) The Symphony: A Listeners Guide. Oxford University Press. Harrison, Bernard
Haydn: The "Paris" Symphonies (Cambridge University Press, 1998) Kirk, Elise K.
Music at the White House: A History of the American Spirit (University of Illinois Press, 1986)