Symphony No. 86 (Haydn)
The Symphony No. 86 in D major, Hoboken I/86, is the fifth of the six Paris Symphonies (numbers 82–87) written by Joseph Haydn, and was written to be performed in Paris in 1787. He wrote it in Esterháza in 1786, but for an orchestra much larger, at the instigation of Count Claude d'Ogney.
The work is in standard four movement form and scored for flute, two oboes, two bassoons, two trumpets, two horns, timpani and strings (violin I, violin II, viola, cello, double bass). Out of the six Paris symphonies, the 86th and 82nd are the only two to use percussion and trumpets. There are four movements:
- Adagio, 3
4 — Allegro spiritoso, 4
- Capriccio: Largo, 3
4 in G major
- Menuetto: Allegretto, 3
- Finale: Allegro con spirito, 4
The first movement is in sonata form and is broadly conceived. An unusual feature is that the primary theme of the exposition begins "off-tonic" and does not resolve to the D major until five bars in. Similarly the secondary theme group also delays establishment of the dominant key.
- Robbins Landon, H. C. (1963) Joseph Haydn: Critical Edition of the Complete Symphonies, Universal Edition, Vienna.
- Steinberg, Michael (1995) The Symphony: A Listeners Guide. Oxford University Press.
- Harrison, Bernard Haydn: The "Paris" Symphonies (Cambridge University Press, 1998)
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