Symphony No. 90 (Haydn)
Symphony No. 90 in C major, Hoboken I/90, was written by Joseph Haydn in 1788 as part of a three-symphony commission by Count d'Ogny for the Concert de la Loge Olympique. It is occasionally referred to as The Letter R – referring to an older method of cataloguing Haydn's symphonic output. This tryptich also includes Haydn's own Symphony No. 91 and Symphony No. 92.
- Adagio — Allegro assai, 3
- Andante in F major, 2
- Menuetto: Allegretto, 3
- Finale: Allegro assai, 2
The finale contains one of Haydn's more famous jokes. Soon after the recapitulation starts, the music arrives at a rousing and unexpected "ending" in C major followed by four measures of silence which leads the audience to believe the symphony may have actually finished. Instead, the first theme quietly resumes in the remote key of D♭ major.
- Brown, A. Peter, The Symphonic Repertoire (Volume 2). Indiana University Press (ISBN 0-253-33487-X), pp. 232–233 (2002).
- Stapert, Calvin (2014). Playing Before the Lord: Life of Joseph Haydn. Wm. B. Eardmans Publishing. p. 178.
- The Cambridge Companion to Haydn, edited by Caryl Leslie Clark. Cambridge University Press, 2005 ISBN 0-521-83347-7.
- Robbins Landon, H. C. (1963) Joseph Haydn: Critical Edition of the Complete Symphonies, Universal Edition, Vienna
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