Synagogues of Jerusalem

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This article deals in more detail with some of the notable synagogues of Jerusalem that do not have their own page as yet.

Former synagogues[edit]

Beis Aharon, c.1930

In around 1870 the first Karlin-Stolin Hasidim settled in Jerusalem and by 1874 had established their own synagogue in the Old City. It was named Beis Aharon (House of Aaron) after a work authored by Rabbi Aharon II Perlow of Karlin (1802–1872).

After it was destroyed during the 1948 Israel War of Independence, a new centre was established in Jerusalem's Beis Yisrael neighbourhood.

  • Chesed El Synagogue, a synagogue located on Chabad Street in the Jewish Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. It was established by immigrants from Iraq in 1853 and served as a centre for Jews of Iraqi descent living in Jerusalem. It also served as a yeshiva for kabbalists and had a famous library of Kabbalistic works.

The synagogue was active until the fall of the Jewish Quarter during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War when it was taken over by an Arab family. After the Six-Day War the building became the centre of Bnei Akiva and didn't revert to use as a synagogue.[1]

  • "Tiferet Yisrael Synagogue" has been destroyed in 1948, but, as of 2019, is in the process of being rebuilt, much like the Hurva Synagogue.

Active synagogues[edit]

Old City, Jewish Quarter[edit]

Orthodox Judaism[edit]

  • Ari Synagogue
  • Beit El Synagogues: there are two with this name in Jerusalem, along with the Yeshivat HaMekubalim school of Kabbalah. One is located in the Jewish Quarter, but another one, continuing the same pre-1948 tradition and functioning under the same name (Beit El Synagogue and Yeshivat HaMekubalim), is located in the Ruhama neighbourhood of West Jerusalem.
  • Four Sephardic Synagogues:
  • Hurva Synagogue (English: Ruined Synagogue) is the currently largest synagogue in the Jewish Quarter. It was originally intended for construction in the 18th century. A small building was constructed, but due to financial difficulties, the intended larger building was not completed. The building was destroyed by an earthquake, and a second attempt to build a large synagogue was blocked by Arab landowners in the early 19th century failed. In the 1830s, multiple small synagogues were built around the site. In the 1860s, the large synagogue was completed. It was destroyed by the Jordanians following the 1948 Israeli War of Independence. The synagogue was rebuilt in 2009 and is a distinguished feature of Jerusalem's Old City skyline.
  • Menachem Zion Synagogue, completed in 1837. Built by the Perushim, it was named after their leader Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Shklov and after the blessing of consolation recited on Tisha B'Av: "Blessed be He who consoles (menachem) Zion and rebuilds Jerusalem." Rabbi Daniel Sperber leads the congregation.
  • Ohr ha-Chaim Synagogue
  • Ramban Synagogue, the oldest Rabbinic synagogue of the Jewish Quarter
  • Western Wall, the holiest Jewish site alongside the Temple Mount, functions as a synagogue including the area beneath Wilson's Arch.

Karaite Judaism[edit]

Old City, Muslim Quarter[edit]

Orthodox Judaism[edit]

New City[edit]

Or Zaruaa synagogue, founded by Rabbi Amram Aburbeh in Nahlat Ahim neighbourhood, Jerusalem, Israel, exterior photo of the building declared as historic preservation heritage site, on 3 Refaeli street.

Orthodox Judaism[edit]

The Belz Synagogue in Jerusalem

The Talpiot neighborhood in Jerusalem was established immediately after World War I. Its planners' intention was to make it into the capital city of the nascent State of Israel. The first synagogue in the neighbourhood was in a hut, which was established to serve as a structure for the builders of the neighbourhood and after the completion of the construction was converted into a mixed Ashkenazi and Sephardic synagogue. Among the first worshipers of the minyan in the hut was the writer Shmuel Yosef Agnon, who lived in the neighbourhood. He described the hut and how the prayer was conducted in it in the short story "The Symbol" (The Fire and the Trees), Tel Aviv Press 1961. The cornerstone of the current building was laid in Chanukah 1934, in the presence of Rabbi Avraham Yitzhak HaCohen Kook. With the outbreak of the 1936–1939 riots, the construction of the synagogue was delayed and the structure remained neglected. After the outbreak of World War II in 1939 the British confiscated the building and established in it a police station and a warehouse.

After the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, during the period when Talpiot was a transit camp (ma'abara), the State used the building as a warehouse of equipment for the transit camp. In the 1950s the building was leased to the Hebrew University and served as a warehouse of its medical school. In the late 1960s the building returned to the Jerusalem municipality, who renovated the building with the assistance of the Jerusalem Foundation and with a contribution received from author S. Y. Agnon, a resident of the neighbourhood, out of the money he received for the Nobel Prize. In the month of Elul 5772 (1972) the synagogue was again inaugurated in a procession where the Torah scrolls from the hut were brought in.[3]

Conservative Judaism[edit]

Reconstructionist Judaism[edit]

Reform Judaism[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jerusalem Quartered: The 'Armenian' Quarter, by Rabbi Yakov Goldman
  2. ^ Hecht Synagogue: A fortress of faith overlooks Jerusalem
  3. ^ The synagogue's Hebrew-language website
  4. ^ Raphael Ahren (26 February 2010). "Oppression is not apartheid". Haaretz. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Congregations: Jerusalem region, Israel Movement for Reform and Progressive Judaism. Accessed 28 July 2019.
  6. ^ "Progressive Judaism in Israel: History, Practice and Principles". Israel Movement for Reform and Progressive Judaism. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
  7. ^ The Heart of Israel's Reform Judaism