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Temporal range: 33.9–0 Ma
Oligocene to Recent
Syngnathus acus.jpg
Syngnathus acus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathiformes
Family: Syngnathidae
Genus: Syngnathus
Linnaeus, 1758
Type species
Syngnathus acus
Linnaeus, 1758

Syngnathus is a genus of fish in the family Syngnathidae found in marine, brackish and sometimes fresh waters of the Alantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean.[1] Fossils of these species are found from the Oligocene to the Pleistocene. They are known from various localities of Greece, Italy, Germany and United States.[2]


There are currently 36 recognized species in this genus:


  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2016). Species of Syngnathus in FishBase. October 2016 version.
  2. ^ Paleobiology Database: Fossilworks: Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758.
  3. ^ Matsunuma, M. (2017): Syngnathus chihiroe, a new species of pipefish (Syngnathidae) from southern Japan. Zootaxa, 4232 (3): 385-396.
  4. ^ Mwale, M., Kaiser, H., Barker, N.P., Wilson, A.B. & Teske, P.R. (2013): Identification of a uniquely southern African clade of coastal pipefishes Syngnathus spp. Journal of Fish Biology, 82 (6): 2045–2062.