Syngonanthus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Syngonanthus
Syngonanthus chrysanthus.jpg
Syngonanthus chrysanthus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Eriocaulaceae
Genus: Syngonanthus
Ruhland
Synonyms[1]
  • Philodice Mart.
  • Limnoxeranthemum Salzm. ex Steud.
  • Carptotepala Moldenke

Syngonanthus is a genus of plant in family Eriocaulaceae.[2][3] It is native to tropical Africa and to Latin America (from Mexico and Cuba south to Argentina).[1][4][5][6]

  1. Syngonanthus acephalus Hensold - Amazonas State in Venezuela
  2. Syngonanthus albopulvinatus (Moldenke) Moldenke - Venezuela
  3. Syngonanthus allenii Moldenke - Colombia, Amazonas State in Brazil
  4. Syngonanthus amapensis Moldenke - Colombia, Venezuela, northwestern Brazil
  5. Syngonanthus amazonicus Moldenke - Colombia, Venezuela, northwestern Brazil
  6. Syngonanthus androsaceus (Griseb.) Ruhland - Cuba
  7. Syngonanthus angolensis H.E.Hess - Angola, Zaïre, Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi
  8. Syngonanthus anomalus (Körn.) Ruhland - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, Ecuador, the Guianas
  9. Syngonanthus anthemidiflorus (Bong.) Ruhland - Brazil, Misiones Province of Argentian
  10. Syngonanthus appressus (Körn.) Ruhland - central and southern Brazil
  11. Syngonanthus aquaticus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  12. Syngonanthus arenarius (Gardner) Ruhland - Minas Gerais
  13. Syngonanthus atrovirens (Körn.) Ruhland - Minas Gerais
  14. Syngonanthus auripes Silveira - Bahia, Goiás
  15. Syngonanthus bartlettii Moldenke - Belize
  16. Syngonanthus bellus Moldenke - Venezuela, northern Brazil
  17. Syngonanthus bianoensis Kimp. - Zaïre
  18. Syngonanthus bicolor Silveira - Minas Gerais
  19. Syngonanthus biformis (N.E.Br.) Gleason - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, Peru, the Guianas
  20. Syngonanthus bisumbellatus (Steud.) Ruhland - Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Pará, Piauí
  21. Syngonanthus blackii Moldenke - Pará
  22. Syngonanthus bracteosus Moldenke - Minas Gerais
  23. Syngonanthus cabralensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  24. Syngonanthus cachimboensis Moldenke - Pará
  25. Syngonanthus canaliculatus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  26. Syngonanthus capillaceus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  27. Syngonanthus caulescens (Poir.) Ruhland - State of Veracruz in Mexico; Costa Rica, Venezuela, Colombia, the Guianas, Peru, Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
  28. Syngonanthus chapadensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  29. Syngonanthus chrysanthus (Bong.) Ruhland - southeastern Brazil
  30. Syngonanthus costatus Ruhland - Minas Gerais
  31. Syngonanthus cowanii Moldenke - southeastern Colombia, Amazonas State in Venezuela
  32. Syngonanthus crassinervius Silveira - Minas Gerais
  33. Syngonanthus cuyabensis (Bong.) Giul., Hensold & L.R.Parra - Brazil, Bolivia, Venezuela, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname
  34. Syngonanthus davidsei Huft - Chiapas
  35. Syngonanthus decorus Moldenke - Goiás
  36. Syngonanthus densiflorus (Körn.) Ruhland - Peru, Brazil, Bolivia
  37. Syngonanthus densus (Körn.) Ruhland - Brazil
  38. Syngonanthus diamantinensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  39. Syngonanthus dichroanthus Hensold - Goiás
  40. Syngonanthus duidae Moldenke - Venezuela
  41. Syngonanthus egleri Moldenke - Pará
  42. Syngonanthus exilis S.M.Phillips - Zambia
  43. Syngonanthus fenestratus Hensold - Venezuela, northern Brazil, Guyana
  44. Syngonanthus ferrensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  45. Syngonanthus filipes Silveira - Minas Gerais
  46. Syngonanthus fischerianus (Bong.) Ruhland - Brazil, Bolivia
  47. Syngonanthus flaviceps Silveira - Minas Gerais
  48. Syngonanthus flavidulus (Michx.) Ruhland - southeastern USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North and South Carolina)
  49. Syngonanthus fuscescens Ruhland - Minas Gerais
  50. Syngonanthus garimpensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  51. Syngonanthus glandulifer Silveira - Minas Gerais
  52. Syngonanthus goyazensis (Körn.) Ruhland - Goiás, Minas Gerais
  53. Syngonanthus gracilis (Bong.) Ruhland - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, Peru, the Guianas, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay
  54. Syngonanthus grao-mogolensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  55. Syngonanthus helminthorrhizus (Mart. ex Körn.) Ruhland - Brazil, Paraguay
  56. Syngonanthus heteropeploides Herzog - Venezuela, northern Brazil, Guyana
  57. Syngonanthus heterotrichus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  58. Syngonanthus hirtellus Ruhland - Minas Gerais
  59. Syngonanthus hondurensis Moldenke - Belize
  60. Syngonanthus humbertii Moldenke - Madagascar
  61. Syngonanthus humboldtii (Kunth) Ruhland - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, the Guianas
  62. Syngonanthus hygrotrichus Ruhland - Minas Gerais
  63. Syngonanthus insularis Moldenke - Isla de la Juventud in Cuba
  64. Syngonanthus inundatus (Körn.) Ruhland - Goiás
  65. Syngonanthus itambeensis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  66. Syngonanthus lagopodioides (Griseb.) Ruhland - Cuba
  67. Syngonanthus lanatus Moldenke - Brazil
  68. Syngonanthus lanceolatus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  69. Syngonanthus laricifolius (Gardner) Ruhland - Brazil
  70. Syngonanthus latifolius (Moldenke) Hensold - Mato Grosso
  71. Syngonanthus leprieurii (Körn.) Ruhland - Pará, French Guiana, Venezuela
  72. Syngonanthus lisowskii Kimp - Zaïre
  73. Syngonanthus llanorum Ruhland - Colombia; Apure State in Venezuela
  74. Syngonanthus longibracteatus Kimp - Zaïre, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique
  75. Syngonanthus longipes Gleason - Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname
  76. Syngonanthus lundellianus Moldenke - Belize
  77. Syngonanthus macrocephalus (Moldenke) Hensold - Cerro Sipapo in Venezuela
  78. Syngonanthus macrolepis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  79. Syngonanthus manikaensis Kimp - Zaïre
  80. Syngonanthus marginatus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  81. Syngonanthus micropus Silveira - São Paulo
  82. Syngonanthus minutifolius Silveira - Minas Gerais
  83. Syngonanthus minutulus (Steud.) Moldenke - Pará, Minas Gerais
  84. Syngonanthus minutus (Moldenke) Hensold - Auyán-tepui in Venezuela
  85. Syngonanthus multipes Silveira - Minas Gerais
  86. Syngonanthus mwinilungensis S.M.Phillips - Zambia
  87. Syngonanthus nanus Moldenke - Paraná
  88. Syngonanthus ngoweensis Lecomte - Zaïre, Congo-Brazzaville, Angola
  89. Syngonanthus niger Silveira - Minas Gerais
  90. Syngonanthus nigroalbus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  91. Syngonanthus nitens (Bong.) Ruhland - Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela
  92. Syngonanthus oblongus (Körn.) Ruhland - Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela
  93. Syngonanthus oneillii Moldenke - Belize
  94. Syngonanthus ottohuberi Hensold - Amazonas State in Venezuela
  95. Syngonanthus pakaraimensis Moldenke - Venezuela, Guyana
  96. Syngonanthus paleaceus S.M.Phillips - Zambia
  97. Syngonanthus pallens Silveira - Minas Gerais
  98. Syngonanthus pauciflorus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  99. Syngonanthus peruvianus Ruhland - Peru
  100. Syngonanthus philcoxii Moldenke - Mato Grosso
  101. Syngonanthus philodicoides (Körn.) Ruhland - Bahia, Goiás
  102. Syngonanthus pittieri Moldenke - Panama
  103. Syngonanthus planus Ruhland - Bahia, Minas Gerais
  104. Syngonanthus plumosus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  105. Syngonanthus poggeanus Ruhland - Burundi, Zaïre, Congo-Brazzaville, Angola, Zambia
  106. Syngonanthus pulchellus Moldenke - Minas Gerais
  107. Syngonanthus pulcher (Körn.) Ruhland - Goiás, Minas Gerais
  108. Syngonanthus pulvinellus Moldenke - Minas Gerais
  109. Syngonanthus quadrangularis Silveira - Minas Gerais
  110. Syngonanthus reclinatus (Körn.) Ruhland - Brazil
  111. Syngonanthus restingensis Hensold & A.L.R.Oliveira - Bahia, Rio de Janeiro
  112. Syngonanthus retrorsociliatus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  113. Syngonanthus retrorsus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  114. Syngonanthus rhizonema Ruhland - São Paulo
  115. Syngonanthus robinsonii Moldenke - Zaïre, Zambia
  116. Syngonanthus schlechteri Ruhland - Zaïre, Gabon, Congo-Brazzaville, Tanzania
  117. Syngonanthus schwackei Ruhland - eastern Brazil
  118. Syngonanthus sclerophyllus Ruhland - Goiás
  119. Syngonanthus setifolius Hensold - northern Brazil, Venezuela
  120. Syngonanthus sickii Moldenke - Pará
  121. Syngonanthus simplex (Miq.) Ruhland - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, the Guianas
  122. Syngonanthus sinuosus Silveira - Minas Gerais
  123. Syngonanthus spadiceus (Körn.) Ruhland - Piauí, Minas Gerais
  124. Syngonanthus spongiosus Hensold - Amazonas State of Brazil
  125. Syngonanthus surinamensis Moldenke - Suriname
  126. Syngonanthus tenuipes Silveira - Minas Gerais
  127. Syngonanthus tenuis (Kunth) Ruhland - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil
  128. Syngonanthus tiricensis Moldenke - Bolívar State in Venezuela
  129. Syngonanthus trichophyllus Moldenke - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, Guyana
  130. Syngonanthus umbellatus (Lam.) Ruhland - Dominican Republic, Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil, the Guianas
  131. Syngonanthus upembaensis Kimp - Zaïre
  132. Syngonanthus verticillatus (Bong.) Ruhland - Goiás, Minas Gerais
  133. Syngonanthus wahlbergii (Wikstr. ex Körn.) Ruhland - from Nigeria east to Tanzania, south to northern South Africa
  134. Syngonanthus weddellii Moldenke - Pará, Goiás
  135. Syngonanthus welwitschii (Rendle) Ruhland - Zaïre, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia
  136. Syngonanthus widgrenianus (Körn.) Ruhland - eastern Brazil
  137. Syngonanthus williamsii (Moldenke) Hensold - Colombia, Venezuela, northern Brazil
  138. Syngonanthus xinguensis Moldenke - Mato Grosso
  139. Syngonanthus yacuambensis Moldenke - Ecuador

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Giulietti, A. M., M. J. Gomes de Andrade, L. R. Parra de Lazzari, C. v. d. Berg & R. M. Harley. 2009. (1902) Proposal to conserve the name Syngonanthus against Philodice (Eriocaulaceae). Taxon 58(3): 1008–1009.
  3. ^ Brummitt, R. K. 2011. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 63. Taxon 60(4): 1202–1210.
  4. ^ Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  5. ^ Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
  6. ^ Huft, M. J. 1994. 261. Eriocaulaceae. 6: 178–184. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.