Synod of Emden

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The Synod of Emden was a gathering of 29 exiled Calvinist Church leaders (Ministers and Authors) who were to become the founders of the Dutch Reformed Church. Held in Emden, Germany on 4 October 1571, where it established the rules and doctrines of the Dutch Reformed Church.

The synod affirmed the presbyterian character of the Reformed Church, organized churches within a geographical region into "classes", adopted the 1561 Confession of Faith (later known as the Belgic Confession), and approved use of the Heidelberg Catechism in Dutch-speaking congregations while promoting the Geneva Catechism for French-speaking churches.[1]


  1. ^ Bangs, Carl (June 1961), "Arminius and the Reformation", Church History, Cambridge University Press, 30 (2): 155–170, doi:10.2307/3161969, ISSN 0009-6407, JSTOR 3161969