Synod of Verona
The meeting was to address numerous issues. Some of these were; dispute over claims between empire and papacy in central Italy, proprietary concerns of the bishopric of Gurk, plans for a crusade to the Holy Land, dispute over the investiture of the anti-Archbishop of Trier, Rudolf of Wied, and the condemnation of heresy.
The most significant event of the synod was the declaration of the papal bull Ad abolendam and the joint condemnation of Arnoldists, Cathars, Humiliati, Josephini, Patarenes, Passagini, and Waldensians as heretics.
- Robinson, I.S. (1990). The Papacy. Cambridge University Press.
- Lambert, Malcolm (1977). Medieval Heresy: Popular Movements from Bogomil to Hus. Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd.
- Freed, John B. (2016). Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth. Yale University Press.
- Morris, Colin (1989). The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250. Oxford University Press.
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