Synodontis angelicus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Synodontis angelicus
Synodontis angelica.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Siluriformes
Family: Mochokidae
Genus: Synodontis
Species: S. angelicus
Binomial name
Synodontis angelicus
Schilthuis, 1891

Synodontis angelicus is a species of upside-down catfish commonly named polkadot squeaker, black clown catfish, whitespotted squeaker, pearl squeaker, or angel squeaker.[1][2] This species is native to the Congo Basin of Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo. It was originally described in 1891 by Belgian icthyologist Louise Schilthuis after its discovery in the Malebo Pool of the Congo River.[3] The specific name "angelicus" means heavenly or divine, since juveniles of this species are remarkable for their bright coloring.[3]


Adult specimens between 9 and 18 centimetres (3.5 and 7.1 in) are grey to dark violet, with reddish-yellow to bark brown-red blotches on the head, sides, adipose fin, and partly running together on the ventral surface.[3] These blotches are evenly distributed and have sharp, distinct edges.[3] The blotches may be edged with dark violet. The fins are dark violet with brownish blotches and streaks.[3] Juveniles between 4 and 9 centimetres (1.6 and 3.5 in) are strikingly colored, with white, round blotches on a red-violet background.[3]

The first ray of the dorsal fin and the pectoral fins have a hardened first ray which is serrated.[2] The caudal fin is deeply forked with an extension on the top lobe.[2][3] It has short, cone-shaped teeth in the upper jaw.[2] In the lower jaw, the teeth are s-shaped and movable.[2]

This species grows to a length of 25 centimetres (9.8 in) SL although specimens up to 55 centimetres (22 in) TL have been recorded in nature.[1]

In the aquarium[edit]

The species is commercially used as an aquarium species.[4] The polka-dot African catfish is mostly nocturnal.[3] These catfish will excavate the substrate and may nibble plants. They eat smaller live foods and prepared foods. They prefer a water temperature of 24 to 28 °C (75 to 82 °F), a pH of 6.0–8.0 and a hardness of 5–19 dGH.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2016). "Synodontis angelicus" in FishBase. June 2016 version.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Synodontis angelicus Schilthuis, 1891". Planet Catfish. 19 Jul 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Synodontis angelicus Schilthuis, 1891". Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  4. ^ Moelants, T. (2010). "Synodontis angelicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 

External links[edit]

Data related to Synodontis angelicus at Wikispecies