The Synthemistidae are the family of dragonflies commonly known as tigertails, or sometimes called southern emeralds. This family has seven genera and 43 species; they look similar to corduliid and gomphid dragonflies. This family is sometimes treated as a subfamily of Corduliidae. This is an ancient dragonfly family, occurring in Australia and New Guinea. Most species are small in size and have narrow abdomens. Their nymphs are bottom-dwellers, and resist droughts by burying themselves very deeply. Synthemistid dragonflies frequently prefer marshy areas, as well as fast-flowing streams. The family Synthemistidae is sometimes called Synthemidae.
The family Synthemistidae includes the following genera:
- Archaeosynthemis Carle, 1995
- Austrosynthemis Carle, 1995
- Choristhemis Tillyard, 1910
- Eusynthemis Förster, 1903
- Parasynthemis Carle, 1995
- Synthemiopsis Tillyard, 1917
- Synthemis Selys, 1870
- Tonyosynthemis Theischinger, 1998
- Dijkstra, K.D.B.; et al. (2013). "The classification and diversity of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata). In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal Biodiversity: An Outline of Higher-level Classification and Survey of Taxonomic Richness (Addenda 2013)". Zootaxa. 3703 (1): 36–45. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3703.1.9.
- "Family SYNTHEMISTIDAE". Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study. 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
- Data related to Synthemistidae at Wikispecies
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