Synthetic natural environment

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A Synthetic Natural Environment (SNE) is the representation in a synthetic environment of the physical world within which all models of military systems exist and interact (i.e. climate, weather, terrain, oceans, space, etc.). It includes both data and models representing the elements of the environment, their effects on military systems, and models of the impact of military systems on environmental variables (e.g. contrails, dust clouds from moving vehicles, spoil from combat engineering).[1]


The term SNE was born out of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)'s Synthetic Theater of War "Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration," ca. 1998.


Although SNE was meant to include cultural features (see Synthetic human-made environment)[2] (e.g. buildings, bridges, roads) since its conception, the word "natural" in SNE made the term confusing. Furthermore, the original term SNE was not meant to include cultural factors (see Synthetic psychological environment).[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Birkel, Paul A. (Fall 1998). "SNE Conceptual Reference Model". Simulation Interoperability Workshops. Simulation Interoperability Standards Organization. Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  2. ^ "MetaVR 3D Content - Cultural Features"
  3. ^ Encyclopedia of Public Health: Cultural Factors

Further reading[edit]

  • Braudaway, Wesley Ph.D., "Chapter 3 Synthetic Natural Environments Representation", University of Central Florida, [1]