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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Madieae
Subtribe: Baeriinae[1]
Genus: Syntrichopappus
A. Gray
Type species
Syntrichopappus fremontii
A. Gray

2, see text

Syntrichopappus is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy or sunflower family (Asteraceae), found in the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico, including Baja California. It is a member of the Heliantheae alliance of the Asteraceae.[2] There are two species.[3] Common names include xerasid[3] and Fremont's-gold.[4]

The name "Syntrichopappus" derives from a Greek name: "syn" = "joined together", "tricho" = "hair", of the "pappus", which means many bristles fused at the base (however some species have no pappus).[3][5] The common name "xerasid" derives from Greek, meaning "son of dryness".[3]


Leaves are simple, alternate, sometimes with the lowest ones opposite.[5]


Flower heads are solitary.[5] There is one yellow (or white with red veins) ray flower per phyllary, with 3-lobed ligules.[5] The yellow disk flowers are narrowly funnel shaped.[5]


The fruits have 0 to many pappus bristles, fused at the base.[5]



  1. ^ Ekenäs, Catarina (2008). Phylogenies and secondary chemistry in Arnica (Asteraceae) (PDF). Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology 392. Uppsala, Sweden: University of Uppsala. p. 16. ISBN 978-91-554-7092-0. 
  2. ^ "Genus Syntrichopappus". Universal Protein Resource (UniProt). 
  3. ^ a b c d California Desert Wildflowers, An Introduction to Families, Genera, and Species; Sia Morhardt, Emil Morhardt; p 74-5
  4. ^ "Syntrichopappus". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Jepson Desert Manual: Syntrichopappus, Dale E. Johnson, 2002 Ed., p 184
  6. ^ Jepson Manual Treatment: S. fremontii
  7. ^ Flora of North America: S. fremontii
  8. ^ Jepson Manual Treatment: S. lemmonii
  9. ^ Flora of North America: S. lemmonii

External links[edit]