Syrian Interim Government
|Syrian Interim government|
|الحكومة السورية المؤقتة|
Emblem of Syrian Interim Government
|Established||18 March 2013|
|Leader||Prime Minister of Syrian Opposition|
|Appointed by||President of the Syrian Coalition|
|Responsible to||Syrian Coalition|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Syrian Interim Government is an alternative government of Syria, which has been formed by the opposition umbrella group, the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces. The interim government is indirectly controlling some areas of the country and claiming to be the sole legitimate government on behalf of the Syrian Opposition in defiance of the Council of Ministers of Ba'athist Syria.
At a conference held in Istanbul on 19 March 2013, members of National Coalition elected Ghassan Hitto as prime minister of an interim government for Syria. Hitto has announced that a technical government will be formed which will be led by between 10 and 12 ministers. The minister of defence is to be chosen by the Free Syrian Army. As of 3 April 2013, the organization is "based in exile and lack[s] an organizational base inside Syria." The new ministries will not be placed in a single location but will be distributed in regions which are under the control of the Syrian opposition. The government's main headquarters will be at an undisclosed location close to the Turkish-Syrian border. The health ministry, the interior ministry and the housing ministry have not been filled because the officials chosen did not have 2/3 of the vote to confirm them. A Christian, a Kurd and a woman are part of the appointed cabinet; Ahmad Ramadan, a member of the National Coalition, has stated that the cabinet was appointed on a meritocratic basis. The Assyrian component of the National Coalition has stated that they were not given any attention in the selection of the cabinet. The General Assembly has an administrative function. The interim cabinet was dissolved on 22 July 2014. A new cabinet was formed on 14 October 2014.
In January 2015 the Syrian interim government received $6 million USD from the United States, the first funding of this kind. The funds will be used for reconstruction efforts and the strengthening of local government in opposition held parts of Syria such as northern Aleppo and northwestern Idlib, with the interim government planning to expand into northern Latakia and northern Hama in the following months.
Recognition and funding
The interim government is based in Turkey and has received direct funding from the United States.
List of Presidents
|Took office||Left office||Political party||Note(s)|
|11 November 2012||22 April 2013||Independent||
|22 April 2013||6 July 2013||Syrian National Council||Acting President.|
|6 July 2013||9 July 2014||Syrian National Council||Re-elected on 5 January 2014.|
|9 July 2014||4 January 2015||Independent||
|4 January 2015||Incumbent||Independent||Re-elected on 3 August 2015.|
|No.||Portrait||Name||Took office||Left office||Political party||Note(s)|
Acting Prime Minister
|18 March 2013||14 September 2013||Independent||
Failed to form a government;
resigned on 8 July.
|1||Ahmad Tu'mah||14 September 2013||22 July 2014||Independent||
|(1)||Ahmad Tu'mah||14 October 2014||Incumbent||Independent||
List of Ministers
|vacant||Vice Prime Minister||22 July 2014|
|Salim Idriss||Defense Minister||23 November 2014||Incumbent|
|vacant||Economy and Finance Minister||22 July 2014|
|Mohammed Yasin Najjar||Acting Communications, Transportation and Industry Minister||14 October 2014||Incumbent|
|vacant||Local Administration and Humanitarian Aid Minister||22 July 2014|
|Fayez Zahir||Acting Justice Minister||14 October 2014||Incumbent|
|Dr. Elias Wardeh||Acting Energy Minister||14 October 2014||Incumbent|
|vacant||Infrastructure and Agriculture Minister||22 July 2014|
|vacant||Culture and Family Minister||22 July 2014|
|Awad Ahmad Ali||Interior Minister||23 November 2014||Incumbent|
|Mohamed Wajih Juma'a||Health Minister||23 November 2014||Incumbent|
- "Syrian rebels to choose interim defence minister". World Bulletin. 2013-03-29. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- Sayigh, Yezid (3 April 2013). "The Syria’s opposition 's leadership problem". Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
- "New ministries will not be in single location- Syrian opposition". World Bulletin. 2013-03-29. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- "Interim gvt's HQ to be near Syrian-Turkish border". World Bulletin. 2013-03-27. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- "Challenges await new interim government". The Daily Star. 14 November 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
- "Syrian opposition government begins work as Kurds announce self-rule". Asharq Al-Awsat. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
- "Syrian National Coalition Of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces - General Body". 19 December 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- "Syrian opposition coalition dissolves interim government". 22 July 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- "US gives $6 million to Syria opposition government". Agence France Presse. January 22, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- "Syria opposition names interim leader". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
- "Syrian opposition bloc appoints new leader". Al Jazeera English. 5 January 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- "Syrian Coalition Re-elects Presidential Body for 2nd Term". Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- "Al-Khodr re-elected PM of Syrian interim government". KUNA. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- "First test for Syria rebel government: provide services". AFP. 13 November 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
- "Syrian opposition PM plays down failure to elect ministers". Asharq Al-Awsat. 26 November 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014.