Syrian Revolutionary Command Council

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Syrian Revolutionary Command Council
مجلس قيادة الثورة السورية
Participant in the Syrian Civil War
Logo of the SRCC
Logo of the SRCC
Active 3 August 2014[1] – late 2015
Groups

Free Syrian Army

Other groups

Former groups (dissolved)

Leaders
  • Qais Abdullah Sheikh
    (president)
  • Lt. Gen. Hajj Ali
    (military leader)
  • Mohammed Alloush
    (political leader)[2]
Area of operations Syria
Opponents Syrian Armed Forces
National Defense Force
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Battles and wars

Syrian Civil War

The Syrian Revolutionary Command Council (Arabic: مجلس قيادة الثورة السورية‎, translit. Majlis Qiyādat ath-Thawra as-Sūriyya) was an alliance of 72 Syrian rebels factions[3] involved in the Syrian Civil War that was formed on 3 August 2014[1] and remained active throughout 2015.

The aim of the council was to increase the coordination and unity between the different groups, with the council planned to be divided into regional fronts that will be led by councils made up of representatives from the different factions, similar to how the Free Syrian Army was structured.[4] The signatories represent both secular and Islamist groups; however al-Qaeda's al-Nusra Front and some of its allies were excluded.[5] Initially Ahrar ash-Sham was also excluded, however the group did join the alliance in mid August 2014.[6] The group announced its charter on 4 October 2014.[7] It held its first formal meeting in Gaziantep, Turkey on 29 November 2014.[3]

Conflict within the coalition[edit]

Early on in the coalition's existence, tensions existed between moderate rebels and al-Qaeda-affiliated groups. As part of the al-Nusra Front–SRF/Hazzm Movement conflict, the al-Nusra Front stormed the bases of the Ansar Brigades, part of the Syrian Revolutionaries Front, in the Idlib Governorate and the Justice Front in Hama Governorate on 28 November 2014 as the Syrian Revolutionary Command Council was holding its first formal meeting in Turkey. Although Jabhat al-Nusra was excluded from the coalition, many of its allies not only were included but were assigned executive positions.The close relationship between Islamist groups and al-Nusra Front was demonstrated as the two routed groups, both of which were receiving U.S. support through a covert CIA program, were forced to delivered their weapons to Ahrar ash-Sham as part of their surrender to the al-Nusra Front.

Immediately following the first formal meeting of the Syrian Revolutionary Command Council, Col. Muhammad Hallak expressed skepticism toward the October document on which the new group is based, saying it was written to ensure an Islamist government after Assad is toppled. Col. Hallak was quoted as saying: “The covenant itself doesn't mention the idea of free elections and most of the groups represented in the executive office don’t believe in the original democratic values of the revolution".[3]

In early December 2014, the Hazzm Movement withdrew its affiliation from the Syrian Revolutionary Command Council as a result of clashes between it and the al-Nusra Front in Syria.[8] In the same time period, the southern branch of the Syria Revolutionaries Front declared that they have no connection to the Syrian Revolutionary Command Council.[8] The Hazzm Movement and the Syria Revolutionaries Front had been routed in the northern province of Idlib by al-Nusra Front and its allies in November.[9]

As of late 2015, the council is no longer active.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Translation: the Formation of the Syrian Revolutionary Command Council". Goha's Nail. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "PT: Command Council President is Qais Abdullah Sheikh, Political leader is Mohammed Alloush, Military leader is Lt. Gen. Hajj Ali". Twitter. 29 November 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Alhamadee, Mousab (29 November 2014). "Islamists come out on top in new effort to unify Syrian rebel groups". McClatchy DC. Retrieved 19 November 2015. 
  4. ^ "New alliance could signal end of Islamic Front". As-Safir. 4 August 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "Opposition backers strengthen jihadists by shunning moderate Islamists". The National (Abu Dhabi). 5 August 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Syria's Ahrar al-Sham Leadership Wiped Out in Bombing". Carnegie Endowment of International Peace. 9 September 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "مبادرة " واعتصموا " : ميثاق مجلس قيادة الثورة السورية". YouTube. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "New Syrian opposition grouping fails to entice major rebel factions". Reuters. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  9. ^ "Nusra Front advances in Syria's Idlib". Al Jazeera and agencies. 2 November 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 

External links[edit]