Gallic acid 3,5-dimethyl ether
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|Molar mass||198.17 g·mol−1|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Syringic acid is a naturally occurring O-methylated trihydroxybenzoic acid, a type of chemical compound.
Syringic acid can be found in Ardisia elliptica.
Presence in food
It is also present in wine. Its presence in the ancient Egyptian drink shedeh could confirm it was made out of grape, as syringic acid is released by the breakdown of the compound malvidin, also found in red wine. It is also found in vinegar.
Syringic acid can be enzymatically polymerised. Laccase and peroxidase induced the polymerization of syringic acid to give a poly(1,4-phenylene oxide) bearing a carboxylic acid at one end and a phenolic hydroxyl group at the other.
- Bogert, Marston; Ehrlich, Jacob (Mar 1919). "The synthesis of certain pyrogallol ethers, including a new acetophenetide derived from the ethyl ether of syringic acid". Journal of the American Chemical Society 41 (5): 798–810. doi:10.1021/ja02226a013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
- Pacheco-Palencia LA, Mertens-Talcott S, Talcott ST (Jun 2008). "Chemical composition, antioxidant properties, and thermal stability of a phytochemical enriched oil from Acai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.)". J Agric Food Chem 56 (12): 4631–4636. doi:10.1021/jf800161u. PMID 18522407.
- Analysis of polyphenolic compounds of different vinegar samples. Miguel Carrero Gálvez, Carmelo García Barroso and Juan Antonio Pérez-Bustamante, Zeitschrift für Lebensmitteluntersuhung und -Forschung A, Volume 199, Number 1, pages 29–31, doi:10.1007/BF01192948
- Uyama, Hiroshi; Ikeda, Ryohei; Yaguchi, Shigeru; Kobayashi, Shiro (2001). "Polymers from Renewable Resources". ACS Symposium Series 764: 113. doi:10.1021/bk-2000-0764.ch009. ISBN 0-8412-3646-1.