Syrna (island)

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Syrna
Σύρνα
Syrna is located in Greece
Syrna
Syrna
Coordinates: 36°20.33′N 26°40.38′E / 36.33883°N 26.67300°E / 36.33883; 26.67300Coordinates: 36°20.33′N 26°40.38′E / 36.33883°N 26.67300°E / 36.33883; 26.67300
Country Greece
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 855 xx
Area code(s) 22470
Vehicle registration ΚΧ, ΡΟ, ΡΚ

Syrna (Greek: Σύρνα) or Sirna is a small island about 4 km2 in area to the south-east of Astypalaia in the Dodecanese group of Greek islands near the south-west coast of Turkey. It is mostly covered with juniper and garrigue scrub. The few inhabitants raise stock, catch fish and practice arable agriculture. The island is important for migrant and breeding seabirds and raptors, including Cory's shearwater, yelkouan shearwater and Eleonora's falcon.[1]

History[edit]

A shipwreck of the late Roman period (2nd century CE) was found using sonar technology near the island by the Hellenic Centre for Marine Research in 2000.[2]

On 7 December 1946, the ship Athina Rafiah carrying Jewish immigrants to Palestine was wrecked in the Agiou Soassin Bay, on the south coast of Syrna, and more than seven hundred survivors came ashore on the island. The British minesweeper HMS Providence, working with HMS Chevron, HHMS Themistocles and HHMS Aegean managed to rescue the survivors.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GR165 Sirna island and nearby islets" Hellenic Ornithological Society. Retrieved 20 Jan 2009
  2. ^ "Cooperation of the Hellenic Centre of Marine Research (HCMR) – with the Department of Underwater Antiquities (EEA)" Hellenic Centre of Marine Research. Retrieved 20 Jan 2009 Archived 11 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "HMS Providence, 2nd Minesweeping Flotilla" www.britains-smallwars.com. Retrieved 20 Jan 2009