The SAM Lock Tool, better known as Syskey (the name of its executable file) is a discontinued component of Windows NT that encrypts the Security Account Manager (SAM) database using a 128-bit RC4 encryption key.
First introduced in the Q143475 hotfix which was included in Windows NT 4.0 SP3, it was removed in Windows 10 1709 due to its use of cryptography considered unsecure by modern standards, and its use as part of scams as a form of ransomware. Microsoft officially recommended use of BitLocker disk encryption as an alternative.
First introduced in the Q143475 hotfix included in Windows NT 4.0 SP3, Syskey was intended to protect against offline password cracking attacks by preventing the possessor of an unauthorized copy of the SAM file from extracting useful information from it.
The "Syskey Bug"
In December 1999, a security team from BindView found a security hole in Syskey that indicated that a certain form of offline cryptanalytic attack is possible, making a brute force attack appear to be possible. The problem is that SYSKEY has RC4 keystream reuse problems.
Use as ransomware
- "Enable Syskey To Protect Windows From Password Cracking". Technig. 2015-04-06. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
- "Features that are removed or deprecated in Windows 10 Fall Creators Update". Support. Microsoft. 12 December 2017.
- "Syskey.exe utility is no longer supported in Windows 10 version 1709 and Windows Server version 1709". Support. Microsoft. 20 October 2017.
- Sabin, Todd (December 16, 1999). "bindview.syskey.txt". Packet Storm. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
- "How to use the SysKey utility to secure the Windows Security Accounts Manager database". Support. Microsoft. 8 January 2018.
- "Syskey.exe utility is no longer supported in Windows 10, Windows Server 2016 and Windows Server 2019". support.microsoft.com. Retrieved 2019-01-12.
- Khanse, Anand (March 9, 2012). "Use SysKey Utility to lock Windows computer using USB stick". The Windows Club. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
- "SOLUTION: "This is Microsoft Support" telephone scam – Computer ransom lockout". Case Studies. Triple-S Computers. 10 April 2013.
- "Tech support company with workers in India claims its 'good name' being ruined by scammers". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 23 February 2017.