Syzygium aqueum

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Syzygium aqueum
Eugenia sp Blanco1.145-cropped.jpg
Rare (NCA)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Syzygium
Species: S. aqueum
Binomial name
Syzygium aqueum
(Burm.f.) Alston[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Eugenia aquea Burm.f.
  • Jambosa aquea (Burm.f.) DC.
  • Malidra aquea (Burm.f.) Raf.
  • Cerocarpus aqueus (Burm.f.) Hassk.
  • Eugenia nodiflora Aubl.
  • Eugenia javanica Lam.
  • Myrtus javanica (Lam.) Blume
  • Eugenia obversa Miq.
  • Jambosa madagascariensis Blume
  • Jambosa calophylla Miq.
  • Eugenia callophylla (Miq.) Reinw. ex de Vriese
  • Jambosa subsessilis Miq.
  • Jambosa javanica (Lam.) K.Schum. & Lauterb.
  • Syzygium obversum (Miq.) Masam.
Water guava in Malaysia

Syzygium aqueum is a species of brush cherry tree. Its common names include watery rose apple;[2] names like "water apple" and "bell fruit" may refer to any species of Syzygium grown for its fruit.[citation needed]

The tree is cultivated for its wood and edible fruit. The fruit is a fleshy yellow or red berry which is bell shaped, waxy and crisp. Syzygium aqueum is commonly sold in Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea. It is also found in Kerala.

The tree requires heavy rainfalls and can survive in tropical habitats, up to 1600m from sea level.[3] In the Philippines, it is locally known as tambis and is often confused with macopa (Syzygium samarangense).[4]

The wood is hard and can be used to make tools. The bark of the tree is sometimes used in herbal medicines. It is grown in orchards and gardens and parks as an ornamental plant. The leaves are edible and are sometimes used to wrap food.

The fruit has a very mild and slightly sweet taste similar to apples, and a crisp watery texture like the inside of a watermelon. It is a staple of Southeast Asian fruit stands, where it is inexpensive while in season. It does not bruise easily and may be preserved for months in a household refrigerator.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Syzygium aqueum". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  2. ^ "Syzygium aqueum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 26 January 2017. 
  3. ^ [French, Bruce R. 1989. Food plants of Papua New Guinea : a compendium.].
  4. ^ Janick, Jules; Paull, Robert (2008). The Encyclopedia of Fruits and Nuts. CABI. pp. 552, 553. 

External links[edit]