Syzygium australe

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Syzygium australe
Syzygium australe fruit1.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Syzygium
Species: S. australe
Binomial name
Syzygium australe
(H.L.Wendl. ex Link) B.Hyland[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Eugenia australis J.C.Wendl. ex Link
  • Eugenia myrtifolia Sims nom. illeg.
  • Eugenia simmondsiae F.M.Bailey
  • Jambosa australis (J.C.Wendl. ex Link) DC.
  • Jambosa myrtifolia Heynh.
  • Jambosa thozetiana F.Muell.
  • Myrtus australis (J.C.Wendl. ex Link) Spreng.

Syzygium australe, with many common names that include brush cherry,[1] scrub cherry,[1] creek lilly-pilly,[1] creek satinash,[1] and watergum,[1] is a rainforest tree native to eastern Australia. It can attain a height of up to 35 m with a trunk diameter of 60 cm. In cultivation, this species is usually a small to medium-sized tree with a maximum height of only 18m.[3]

Description[edit]

The leaves are opposite, simple, lanceolate from 4–8 cm long. Flowers are white and in clusters. The dark pink to red fruits are edible.[4]

This species is commonly confused with magenta cherry and the blue lilly pilly. However, the brush cherry has a paler trunk.

Distribution[edit]

The species occurs in coastal regions in Queensland and New South Wales, northwards from Batemans Bay.[5]

Cultivation and Uses[edit]

Brush cherry is commonly cultivated in gardens in eastern Australia, mostly as shorter, shrub-like cultivars such as "Aussie Boomer", "Aussie Compact", "Birdsville", "Bush Christmas", "Minipilly" and "Tiny Trev".[3] These are especially popular as hedges.

The pleasantly sour fruit are also eaten fresh or cooked. The fruit can be used to make jams and jellies.

This species has been adopted by Coffs Harbour City Council as the City's floral emblem.[3]

Outside Australia, brush cherry is used as a subject for bonsai.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Syzygium australe". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. Retrieved 3 August 2013.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "APNI" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  2. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d Wrigley, John W.; Fagg, Murray A. (2003). Australian native plants: cultivation, use in landscaping and propagation (Fifth ed.). Australia: Reed New Holland. p. 696. ISBN 1 876334 90 8. 
  4. ^ Floyd, A.G., Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia, Inkata Press 1989, ISBN 0-909605-57-2
  5. ^ Wilson. Peter G. "New South Wales Flora Online: Syzygium australe". Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney, Australia. 

External links[edit]