|Magenta lilly pilly|
The magenta lilly pilly (Syzygium paniculatum, syn. Eugenia paniculata), also known by the common name magenta cherry, is a broad dense bushy rainforest tree native to New South Wales. It grows to a height of 15 m with trunk diameter up to 35 cm. Leaves are 3–9 cm long, opposite, simple and slightly obovate, tapering at the leaf base. The leaves are dark glossy above, and paler below. White flowers are produced in clusters. The edible fruit is usually magenta, but can be white, pink or purple.
The 1889 book 'The Useful Native Plants of Australia’ records that Eugenia myrtifolia common names included "Brush Cherry" or "Native Myrtle" and that "The red juice of the fruit of this tree is similar in its properties to that of red grapes. It contains free tartaric acid, cream of tartar, sugar, and red colouring matter very sensitive to the action of acids and alkalies. By fermentation it yields wine possessing a bouquet. The colouring matter, which is soluble in alcohol and ether-alcohol, but not in pure ether, is precipitated by lead-acetate, decolourised by reducing agents, and recovers its red colour on exposure to the air, just like litmus and the red colour of wine (De Luca and Ubaldini, in Watfs' Did., vi., ist Supp., 608.)."
- "Syzygium paniculatum". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- Floyd, A.G., Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia, Inkata Press 1989, ISBN 0-909605-57-2
- "Syzygium paniculatum". Bush foods of NSW. The Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- J. H. Maiden (1889). The useful native plants of Australia : Including Tasmania 84. Turner and Henderson, Sydney.
- Wilson. Peter G. "New South Wales Flora Online: Syzygium paniculatum". Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney, Australia.
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