Syzygium polyanthum

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Syzygium polyanthum
Syzy polyan 070404-3396 sbrg.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Syzygium
Species: S. polyanthum
Binomial name
Syzygium polyanthum
Synonyms[1]
  • Eugenia atropunctata C.B.Rob. nom. illeg.
  • Eugenia holmanii Elmer
  • Eugenia junghuhniana Miq.
  • Eugenia lambii Elmer
  • Eugenia lucidula Miq.
  • Eugenia microbotrya Miq.
  • Eugenia nitida Duthie nom. illeg.
  • Eugenia pamatensis Miq.
  • Eugenia polyantha Wight
  • Eugenia resinosa Gagnep.
  • Myrtus cymosa Blume nom. illeg.
  • Syzygium cymosum Korth. nom. illeg.
  • Syzygium micranthum Blume ex Miq.
  • Syzygium microbotryum (Miq.) Masam.
  • Syzygium pamatense (Miq.) Masam.

Syzygium polyanthum, with common names Indian bay leaf and Indonesian bay leaf,[2] is a species of plant in the Myrtaceae family, native to Indochina and Malesia.[2] The leaves of the plant are traditionally used as a food flavouring, and have been shown to kill the spores of Bacillus cereus.[3]

The leaves may be used dried or fresh in the cuisine of Sumatra, Java, Madura, or Bali.[4]

The tree grows from lower to higher elevation up to 1400 meters. The tree can grow up to 25 meters of height. The leaf gives slightly bitter taste with astringent effect.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 10 November 2015
  2. ^ a b "Syzygium polyanthum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  3. ^ Lau, K.Y.; Rukayadi, Y. (2015), "Screening of tropical medicinal plants for sporicidal activity" (PDF), International Food Research Journal, 22 (1): 421–425
  4. ^ Katzer, Gernot. "Spice Pages: Indonesian Bay-Leaf (Eugenia polyantha, Syzygium polyanthum, daun salam)". gernot-katzers-spice-pages.com. Retrieved 2017-03-02.
  5. ^ Atlas tumbuhan obat Indonesia (in Indonesian). Niaga Swadaya. 2008-01-01. ISBN 9789796610655.