Széchenyi thermal bath
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|Széchenyi Thermal Bath|
|Location||City Park, Budapest, Hungary|
The Széchenyi Medicinal Bath in Budapest (IPA: [seːtʃeːɲi], Hungarian: Széchenyi gyógyfürdő) is the largest medicinal bath in Europe. Its water is supplied by two thermal springs, their temperature is 74 °C (165 °F) and 77 °C (171 °F).
Components of the thermal water include sulphate, calcium, magnesium, bicarbonate and a significant amount of metaboric acid and fluoride. Medical studies indicate that the baths have curative properties and may help mitigate degenerative joint illnesses, chronic and sub-acute joint inflammation, as well as being a treatment for orthopaedic and post-traumatic conditions.
During the planning phase from the 1880s, the bath had originally been referred to as the Artesian spa (Artézi fürdő), but when it opened on June 16, 1913, it was officially named Széchenyi spa (Széchenyi gyógyfürdő) after István Széchenyi.
The bath, located in the City Park, was built in Neo-Baroque style to the design of Győző Czigler. Construction began on May 7, 1909 with designs by architect Eugene Schmitterer. The pool construction cost approximately 3.9 million Austro-Hungarian korona. The total area covered was 6,220 square metres (67,000 sq ft). More than 200,000 bathers visited the spa in 1913. This number increased to 890,507 by 1919. At that time the Bath consisted of private baths, separate steam-bath sections for men and women, and male and female "public baths." The complex was expanded in 1927 to its current size, with 3 outdoor and 15 indoor pools. It is now possible for both sexes to visit the main swimming and thermal sections.[verification needed]
After the expansion, the thermal artesian well could not supply the larger volume of water needed, so a new well was drilled. The second thermal spring was found in 1938 at a depth of 1,256 metres (4,121 ft), with a temperature of 77 °C (171 °F). It supplies 6,000,000 litres (1,600,000 US gal) of hot water daily. Between 1999 and 2009 the Széchenyi thermal bath was refurbished in a complete renovation.
The baths have pools of varying temperature. The outdoor pools (swimming pool, adventure pool and thermal sitting pool) are 27 to 38 °C (81 to 100 °F). The swimming pool's depth is 0.8 to 1.7 metres (2 ft 7 in to 5 ft 7 in). The adventure pool's depth is 0.8 metres (2 ft 7 in). Guests can use the water streaming, whirlpool and massaging water beamand[clarification needed]. The indoor pools are of varying temperatures, between 18 to 38 °C (64 to 100 °F). The complex also includes saunas and steam. Massage services are available.
The baths can be reached by public transport, metro line 1 (yellow line) from Vörösmarty square. (It is also a station of the yellow M1 (Millennium Underground) line of the Budapest Metro) or the trolleybus 72. From downtown, the bath is a few hundred metres beyond Heroes' Square.
- "Baths in Budapest - a guide for students", Budapest Corner, archived from the original on 2012-02-11, retrieved 2010-12-14
- "Széchenyi Bath". Budapest: Hungária Koncert Kft. Retrieved 2015-07-13.
- "Bath Units of Széchenyi Thermal Bath | BGYH". Budapestgyogyfurdoi.hu. Archived from the original on 2009-12-15. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Széchenyi Gyógyfürdő.|
- (in English) Budapest Spas and Hot Springs entry
- (in English) The experience of visiting Szechenyi and other baths in Budapest