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|• Total||96.27 km2 (37.17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||83 m (272 ft)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||359.98/km2 (932.3/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Szekszárd (Hungarian: [sɛksaːrd] (help·info), German: Sechshard, Croatian: Seksar) is a city in Hungary and the capital of Tolna county. By population, Szekszárd is the smallest county capital in Hungary; by area, it is the second smallest (after Tatabánya).
During the reign of King Matthias, Szekszárd was the estate of Bishop John, who was involved in a conspiracy against the king. Because of this, King Matthias ordered the castle of Szekszárd to be demolished.
In 1485, Szekszárd was already a significant town, holding five market days a year, but during the Turkish ascendancy of Hungary, the town became deserted and the monastery was destroyed.
By the 18th century, Szekszárd was again a significant town, it became a county seat, and got a coat of arms. The town was destroyed by a fire in 1794, but it could not stop the town's development. Most of the important buildings – including the town hall, the County Hall and several churches – were built during the 19th century. By this time, Szekszárd already had 14,000 residents.
In 1994, Szekszárd was granted the rank of city with county rights, in accordance with a new law stating that all county seats are cities with county rights. (Previously only cities with a population over 50,000 were granted county rights, and Szekszárd was one of only two county seats that had a smaller population than 50,000; the other was Salgótarján).
|Significant minority groups|
- Old county hall (neo-Classical style)
- Augusz manor (Franz Liszt was a guest here)
- Deutsche Bühne, Ungarn
- Birthplace of Mihály Babits, museum
- Birthplace of Valéria Dienes
- Ruins of Benedictine monastery
- János Garay, Poet, Square and Statue
Twin towns — Sister cities
Szekszárd is twinned with:
- Bečej, Serbia since 1975
- Bezons, France since 1967
- Bietigheim-Bissingen, Germany since 1989
- Făget, Romania since 1998
- Lugoj, Romania since 1993
- Ravenna, Italy since 1996
- Tornio, Finland since 1986
- Waregem, Belgium since 1993
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