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Alisca (in Latin)
Sechshard / Sechsard (in German)
Seksar (in Croatian)
|Szekszárd Megyei Jogú Város|
|• Total||96.27 km2 (37.17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||83 m (272 ft)|
|• Density||359.98/km2 (932.3/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code||(+36) 74|
Szekszárd (Hungarian: [ˈsɛksaːrd] (listen), formerly also Szegzárd, German: Sechshard, Croatian: Seksar) is a small city in southern Hungary and the capital of Tolna county. By population, Szekszárd is the smallest county capital in Hungary; by area, it is the second-smallest (after Tatabánya).
During the reign of King Matthias, Szekszárd was the estate of Bishop John, who was involved in a conspiracy against the king. Because of this, King Matthias ordered the castle of Szekszárd to be demolished.
In 1485, Szekszárd was already a significant town, holding five market days a year, but during the Turkish ascendancy of Hungary, the town became deserted and the monastery was destroyed.
By the 18th century, Szekszárd was again a significant town, it became a county seat (of Tolna), and got a coat of arms. The town was destroyed by a fire in 1794, but it could not stop the town's development. Most of the important buildings—including the town hall, the County Hall and several churches—were built during the 19th century. By this time, Szekszárd already had 14,000 residents.
In 1994, Szekszárd was granted the rank of city with county rights, in accordance with a new law stating that all county seats are cities with county rights. (Previously only cities with a population over 50,000 were granted county rights, and Szekszárd was one of only two county seats that had a smaller population than 50,000; the other was Salgótarján).
|Significant minority groups|
Szekszárd lies on a railway line Rétszilas - Bátaszék and on a junction of main roads No. 6, 56, 63 and 65. Motorways M6 and M9 cross each other near the city. There also are local bus lines for city transportation operated by DDKK.
- Old county hall (neo-Classical style)
- Augusz manor (Franz Liszt was a guest here)
- Deutsche Bühne Ungarn
- Birthplace of Mihály Babits, Museums
- Birthplace of Valéria Dienes
- Ruins of Benedictine monastery
- János Garay, Poet, Square and Statue
Twin towns — Sister cities
Szekszárd is twinned with:
- Bečej, Serbia since 1975
- Bezons, France since 1967
- Bietigheim-Bissingen, Germany since 1989
- Făget, Romania since 1998
- Lugoj, Romania since 1993
- Ravenna, Italy since 1996
- Tornio, Finland since 1986
- Waregem, Belgium since 1993
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Szekszárd.|