Szekszárd

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Szekszárd

Alisca (in Latin)
Sechshard / Sechsard (in German)
Seksar (in Croatian)
Szekszárd Megyei Jogú Város
Aerial view
Aerial view
Flag of Szekszárd
Flag
Coat of arms of Szekszárd
Coat of arms
Szekszárd is located in Tolna County
Szekszárd
Szekszárd
Szekszárd is located in Hungary
Szekszárd
Szekszárd
Szekszárd is located in Europe
Szekszárd
Szekszárd
Coordinates: 46°21′21″N 18°42′14″E / 46.35597°N 18.70382°E / 46.35597; 18.70382Coordinates: 46°21′21″N 18°42′14″E / 46.35597°N 18.70382°E / 46.35597; 18.70382
Country Hungary
CountyTolna
DistrictSzekszárd
Area
 • Total96.27 km2 (37.17 sq mi)
Elevation
83 m (272 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total33,720
 • Density359.98/km2 (932.3/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
7100
Area code(+36) 74
Websitewww.szekszard.hu

Szekszárd (Hungarian: [ˈsɛksaːrd] (About this soundlisten), formerly also Szegzárd, German: Sechshard, Croatian: Seksar) is a small city in southern Hungary and the capital of Tolna county. By population, Szekszárd is the smallest county capital in Hungary; by area, it is the second-smallest (after Tatabánya).

Location[edit]

Szekszárd lies at the meeting point of the Transdanubian Hills and the Great Hungarian Plain, at the mouth of Sió into the flood plain of Danube.

History[edit]

City center
Babits Memorial House

Szekszárd was first mentioned in 1015. The Benedictine monastery of the town was founded by King Béla I in 1061.

During the reign of King Matthias, Szekszárd was the estate of Bishop John, who was involved in a conspiracy against the king. Because of this, King Matthias ordered the castle of Szekszárd to be demolished.

In 1485, Szekszárd was already a significant town, holding five market days a year, but during the Turkish ascendancy of Hungary, the town became deserted and the monastery was destroyed.

By the 18th century, Szekszárd was again a significant town, it became a county seat (of Tolna), and got a coat of arms. The town was destroyed by a fire in 1794, but it could not stop the town's development. Most of the important buildings—including the town hall, the County Hall and several churches—were built during the 19th century. By this time, Szekszárd already had 14,000 residents.

Mihály Babits, an important Hungarian poet was born in Szekszárd in 1883.

During World War II, Szekszárd was captured by Soviet troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front on 30 November 1944 as part of the Budapest Offensive.

In 1994, Szekszárd was granted the rank of city with county rights, in accordance with a new law stating that all county seats are cities with county rights. (Previously only cities with a population over 50,000 were granted county rights, and Szekszárd was one of only two county seats that had a smaller population than 50,000; the other was Salgótarján).

Significant minority groups
Nationality Population (2011)
 Germany 1,275
 Romania 40
 Croatia 33
 Serbia 27
 Slovakia 17
 China 17

Transportation[edit]

Szekszárd lies on a railway line Rétszilas - Bátaszék and on a junction of main roads No. 6, 56, 63 and 65. Motorways M6 and M9 cross each other near the city. There also are local bus lines for city transportation operated by DDKK.

Main sights[edit]

Church of King Béla square

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Szekszárd is twinned with:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]