Szeptycki family

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Noble family
CountryPolish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Current regionRuthenia, Poland
FoundedMay 12, 1469; 554 years ago (1469-05-12)
FounderFiodor Szeptycki
Historic seatSzeptyce (Lviv Oblast, Ukraine)
TitlesCount of the Austria-Hungary empire (from 1871)
Connected familiesStarowieyski, Fredo, Wiśniowiecki, Ledóchowski

Szeptycki (in Polish spelling; or Шептицькі (Sheptytsky) in Ukrainian spelling) was a major noble family in Ruthenia (Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, later Austria-Hungary, Poland and Ukraine). The family was related to a number of other noble families, such as the Wiśniowiecki, the Ledóchowski or the Fredro.[1]

Originally Eastern Orthodox, some time after 1596 the family joined the Greek Catholic Church following the Union of Brest.[2]

From the 16th century, the family's members started to acquire important offices in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, especially in ecclesiastical orders (Greek Catholic Church and Catholic Church). In 1871, the family received the title of Count of the Holy Roman Empire. Around that time, the family became increasingly polonized and converted preponderantly to the Roman Catholic faith.

Notable 20th-century members included the Austro-Hungarian and then Polish general Stanisław Szeptycki, and Ukrainian monk and blessed Klymentiy Sheptytsky and Metropolitan Archbishop Andrey Sheptytsky.[1]

The family continues to be active and has created a foundation (Fundacja Rodu Szeptyckich), seated in Warszawa, Poland.[3]

Main historical representatives[4][edit]

First Generation[edit]

Szeptycki's rights were created on April 12, 1469, by King Casimir IV Jagiellon in Gródek (present day Horodok, Lviv, Ukraine). Fiodor Szeptycki, together with grandsons Fiodor, Hlib and Sienek were confirmed in the ownership of their estates of Szeptyce, Woszczańce and Kanafosty, then part of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, today located in Ukraine.

IInd Generation[edit]

IIIrd Generation[edit]

  • Hlib Szeptycki, son of Jan, from Szeptyce, Uherce Wieniawskie i Woszczańce.

IVth Generation[edit]

  • Jacek Szeptycki, son of Hlib, from Szeptyce, Uherce Wieniawskie i Woszczańce.

Vth Generation[edit]

Jacek's sons were given the following estates:

  • Szeptyce and Kanafosty for Jerzy Szeptycki;
  • Woszczańce for Teodor Szeptycki;
  • Uherce Wieniawskie for Semion Szeptycki.

VIth Generation[edit]

  • Paweł Szeptycki, Jerzy's son, inherited Szeptyce estate. He was a lieutenant in the Polish hussars.
  • Aleksander Szeptycki, Teodor's son, owned the Woszczańce estate. He served also in the Polish hussars.
  • Mikolaj Szeptycki, Semion's son, was a colonel of the crown and a captain in the Polish hussars.

VIIth Generation[edit]

  • Jerzy Prokop Szeptycki, son of Paweł, owned Szeptyce village.
  • Aleksander Zahariasz Szeptycki, Aleksander's son, had the Kupnowice estate.

VIIIth Generation[edit]

  • Jerzy Prokop's sons:
    • Stefan Szeptycki, owned the Szeptyce estate. He became in 1683 a cavalry captain in the hussars. He married Zofia, née Korybut-Daszkiewicz.
    • Adam Szeptycki from Szeptyce.
  • Aleksander Zahariasz's sons:
    • Baarlam (Bazyl) Szeptycki (1647-1715) was a bishop in Lviv. He was originally a bishop of the Eastern Orthodox rite, before converting to the Greek rite;[2]
    • Eustachy Stanisław was a lieutenant in the hussars. He participated in the Sandomierz Confederation (1704).
    • Teodor Szeptycki, became a companion in the hussars. He was wounded in 1683: his coat of arms was hung in the chapel on the hill of Kahlenberg;
    • Alexander Sheptytsky.

IXth Generation[edit]

  • Zofia's and Stefan's sons:
    • Atanazy Andrzej Szeptycki (1723-1779) was the Eparch of Przemyśl (Ukrainian Rite).[5] He started the construction of a new cathedral in Przemyśl, though only the belfry was completed during his tenure;[6]
    • Bazyli Szeptycki, from Przyłbice, who married Rozalia.
  • Eustachy Stanisław's sons:
    • Hieronim Antoni Szeptycki (1700-1773) was the Bishop of Płock. An elector from the Płock province, he participated to the election of king Stanisław August Poniatowski in 1764.[7] The same year, he was appointed to a Sejm commission.[8] In 1766, he was appointed resident senator.[9] In 1760, he was awarded the Order of the White Eagle.[10] He died in his palace in Krakowskie Przedmieście in Warsaw[11] and was buried in the collegiate church of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Matthew in Pułtusk;[12]
    • Jerzy Szeptycki, living in Pohorylce, was a cavalry captain in the hussars;
    • Franciszek Szeptycki, a cup-bearer in Lviv (1765-1775) and a hood court judge (Polish: Sąd kapturowy) in the Lviv region in 1764.
  • Athanasius Szeptycki (Atanazy Antoni Szeptycki) (1686-1746), son of Aleksander, was the Eparch of Lviv and the Ruthenian Uniate Church archbishop of Kiev. He started the construction of the St. George's Cathedral in Lviv and participated in the Synod of Zamość (1720).[13][14] In 1732, he led to the opening of a printing house in Uniów. As a metropolitan, he carried out the Latinization of temples and clergy's clothes.[15]
  • Filip Szeptycki, son of Adam, from Szeptyce.

Xth Generation[edit]

  • Bazyli and Rozalia's sons:
    • Jan Baptysta, from Przyłbice, married Aniela Lipska;
    • Andrzej Szymon Szeptycki, from Bruchnal (today's Tarnowica, Ukraine).
  • Filip's sons:
  • Rozalia, daughter of Jerzy, married Bazyli Szeptycki.
  • Franciszek's sons:
    • Jan Szeptycki, living in Liczkowce;
    • Hieronim Szeptycki was a landowner. He served in the Lithuanian Guard. An Aide-de-camp of king Stanisław August Poniatowski, he eventually reached the rank of commanding general;
    • Kajetan Szeptycki was a castellan of Jakubowice Murowane. He was made knight of the Orders of the White Eagle and St. Stanislaus;[17]
    • Józef Szeptycki purchased in 1775 the Starosta of Stanisławów from Felicjanna née Czosnowska, widow of Jan Antoni Czarnecki, castellan of Bracław.[18] He was made knight of the Orders of the White Eagle and St. Stanislaus.[17]

XIth Generation[edit]

  • Jan Baptysta's sons:
    • Józef Gabriel(1806–1855), died in Łaszczów without issue;
    • Piotr Paweł Leopold (1808–1843) married Róża Teresa Ewelina née Kossecki (1808–1888), they lived in Przyłbice. Róża Teresa was a lady of the Order of the Starry Cross.
  • Marianna, Szymon's daughter, married Maciej Jabłonowski (1757–1844), a Polish prince and politician, member of the Central Government in Galicia in 1809 and captain of the National Cavalry (1785).
  • Jan's children:
    • Wincenty Wiktor Leon (1782-1836) was a Brigadier General of the Polish Army. During the Napoleonic Wars, he served in Spain, Austria and Russia. For his bravery, he was awarded the French Ordre de la Réunion and the Order of the Two Sicilies as well as the Russian Order of Saint Anna, class 3.[19] He later participated in the November Uprising, commanding the forces in the Lublin region. As such, on June 17, 1831, he was promoted to brigadier general and organized the Volhynia-Ruthenian-Lithuanian Legion. He is buried in the Lychakiv Cemetery in Lviv in one of the first cast iron sarcophagi of the graveyard.
    • Julianna, Jan's daughter, got married with Józef Zaborowski. She was the mother of poet Tymon Zaborowski.

XIIth Generation[edit]

  • Piotr Paweł's children:
    • Michalina Władysławowa Komorowska née Szeptycki (1835–1911);
    • Jan Kanty Remigian (1836-1912) was the landowner of several estates (Przyłbice, Bruchnal, Korczyna, Łaszczów, Grodysławice, Dziewietniki). He became a parliament member at the State Council of the 3rd and 4th terms (1870–1873) and at the National Sejm. On October 1, 1861, he married Zofia Ludwika Cecylia Konstancja née Fredro, daughter of the Polish playwright Aleksander Fredro. Jan Kanty was the first of the Szeptycki family to bear the title of Count of the Holy Roman Empire in 1871.

XIIIth Generation[edit]

Zofia's and Jan Kanty's children:

  • Stefan Kanty Aleksander who died in infancy (1862-1864);
  • Jerzy Piotr, who died as a child (1863–1880);
  • Roman Aleksander Maria Szeptycki (1865-1944) bore the title of Count before entering religious life in 1888. He was the Greek Catholic Archbishop of Lviv and Metropolitan of Halych from 1901 until his death in 1944.[20] His tenure in office spanned two world wars and seven political regimes: Austrian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Soviet, Nazi German, and again Soviet;
  • Count Aleksander Maria Szeptycki (1866-1940) was the owner of the following estates: Łaszczów, Grodysławice, Pukarzów, Zimno, Cherkasy, Podhajce, Nadolce, Hopkie and Ruda Żelazna. In 1902, he purchased the estate of Łabunie from Polish diplomat Jan Stanisław Amor Tarnowski[21] but the family never lived in the palace, because of its derelict state. Aleksander bequeathed the palace complex with the 25 hectares (62 acres) park[22] and outbuildings to the Franciscan Missionaries of Mary (FMM) who had been running here an orphanage with his approval.[23] The Count's decision was a gift to the congregation, in gratitude for taking care of his sick daughter Maria. The latter suffered from tuberculosis and died in 1917 in Łabunie.[21] The estate is still today (2023) in the hands of the FMM. Aleksander was tortured to death by the Gestapo on June 19, 1940 in the Rotunda Zamość. He is the father-in-law of Blessed Stanisław Kostka Starowieyski;
  • Count Stanisław Maria Jan Teofil (1867-1950) became a Lieutenant General of the Polish Army and served during WWI and Polish–Soviet War. He was briefly a Minister of Military Affairs (June to December 1923). After Piłsudski's May 1926 Coup d'État, Stanisław was dismissed from active service. After World War II, from 1945 to 1950, he headed the Polish Red Cross (Polski Czerwony Krzyż). He died in 1950 in his estate in Korczyna[24] without issue;[21]
  • Blessed father Klemens Kazimierz (1869-1951) was an archimandrite of the Order of Studite monks (Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church) and a hieromartyr. Klymentiy has been beatified by the Catholic Church and received the title of Righteous Among the Nations by the State of Israel for saving Jews.[25] As a leader of the church, he was arrested by the NKVD in 1947 and died a prisoner of the Soviet Union in a jail in Volodymyr (Polish: Włodzimierz);[21] A commemorative plaque had been unveiled in Volodymyr at a memorial complex erected on the site of the mass grave of Soviet victims; the plaque was dismantled by the Russian authorities in October 2023.[26]
  • Leon Józef (1877-1939) owner of Przyłbice and Bruchnal estates. Leon was a Polish aristocrat, landowner and social worker.[27] He was awarded the title of papal chamberlain.[28] Leon married in 1902 Jadwiga, née Szembek (1883–1939); she was the great-granddaughter of poet Aleksander Fredro and an archeologist and ethnographer, writer and social activist. The couple had eight children.[29] During the Soviet invasion of Poland, Jadwiga and Leon were both murdered by the NKVD in the family estate of Przyłbice. Two of their daughters belonged to the Franciscan Missionaries of Mary, Wanda[21] and Zofia Maria Bronisława (1904-1958) who became the superior of the Polish Province of the Order;[30]

XIVth Generation[edit]

  • Jan Kazimierz (1907–1994), son of Aleksander, was the owner of Łaszczów, Grodysławice and Łabunie (till 1922).
  • Jadwiga's and Leon Józef's sons:
    • Jan Sylwester (1905–1980) owned the estate of Dziewiętniki (in today's Ukraine);
    • Andrzej (1912–1940) was a cleric of the seminary in Lviv and a cadet of the Polish Army reserve. He is one of the numerous victims of the Katyn massacre.[31]

XVth Generation[edit]

  • Jan Sylwester's sons:
    • Paweł (1935-2004) was a professor of mathematics;[32]
    • Andrzej Szeptycki (1939-2008) was a professor of zoology.[32]
  • Aleksander Szeptycki (1938-2020), Jan Kazimierz's son, was a Polish specialist in agricultural mechanization, an engineer and a Doctor habilitatus.[33] He was the owner of the Nadolec estate.[32]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Romer, Marcin (15 October 2007). "Szeptyccy, Habsburgowie i inni" (PDF). Kurier Galicyjski. No. 5 (47). Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b Piotr Szymon Łoś (January 2005). Szkice do portretu ziemian polskich XX wieku (in Polish). Rytm. p. 310. ISBN 978-83-7399-135-4.
  3. ^ "SZEPTYCCY ZAPRASZAJĄ - Tygodnik Zamojski, Zamość, Biłgoraj, Tomaszów". Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  4. ^ a b Akta Grodzkie i Ziemskie. T VI [Towns and lands acts, tome 6] (in Polish). Lviv: Antoni Prochaska. pp. 71, 132.
  5. ^ Encyklopedja powszechna (in Polish). Orgelbranda. 1867. pp. 620–627.
  6. ^ Ziemianie polscy XX wieku (in Polish). DiG. 2006. p. 144. ISBN 9788371813207.
  7. ^ Akt elekcyi Roku Tysiąć Siedemset Sześćdziesiątego Czwartego, Miesiąca Sierpnia, Dnia dwudziestego siódmego [Act of Election of the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred Sixty Fourth, Month of August, Day Twenty Seven] (in Polish). Warszawa: Drukarnia J.K.Mci y Rzpltey u XX. Scholarum Piarum. 1764. p. 85.
  8. ^ Prawa, konstytucye y przywileie Królestwa Polskiego, Wielkiego Xięstwa Litewskiego y wszystkich prowincyi należących na walnych seymiech koronnych od Seymu Wiślickiego roku pańskiego 1347 aż do ostatniego Seymu uchwalone [Laws, constitutions and privileges of the Kingdom of Poland, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and all provinces belonging to the general sessions of the Crown from the Seym of Wiślicki in the year 1347 until the last Seym passed] (in Polish). Petersburg: Ohryzko Jozafat. 1850. p. 150.
  9. ^ Prawa, konstytucye y przywileie Królestwa Polskiego, Wielkiego Xięstwa Litewskiego y wszystkich prowincyi należących na walnych seymiech koronnych od Seymu Wiślickiego roku pańskiego 1347 aż do ostatniego Seymu uchwalone [Laws, constitutions and privileges of the Kingdom of Poland, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and all provinces belonging to the general sessions of the Crown from the Seym of Wiślicki in the year 1347 until the last Seym passed] (in Polish). Petersburg: Ohryzko Jozafat. 1860. p. 222.
  10. ^ Męclewska, Marta (2008). Kawalerowie i statuty Orderu Orła Białego: 1705-2008 [Knights and statutes of the Order of the White Eagle: 1705-2008] (in Polish). Petersburg: Zamek Królewski. p. 196. ISBN 8370221785.
  11. ^ Galas, Łukasz (2012). Szeptycki Hieronim Antoni h. własnego (1700–1773). Polski Słownik Biograficzny [Szeptycki Hieronim Antoni of his own estate (1700–1773). Polish Biographical Dictionary] (in Polish). Warszawa – Kraków: Polska Akademia Nauk. p. 235. ISBN 978-83-88909-95-5.
  12. ^ Prokop, Krzysztof Rafał (2020). Nekropolie biskupie w nowożytnej Rzeczypospolitej (XVI–XVIII w.) [Episcopal necropolises in the modern Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (16th–18th centuries)] (in Polish). Warszawa: Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN. p. 140. ISBN 978836646325-7.
  13. ^ Andrzej Szeptycki) (2000). Metropolita Andrzej Szeptycki: pisma wybrane. Znak. p. 15. ISBN 978-83-7006-867-7.
  14. ^ Andrzej Szeptycki
  15. ^ Хаварівський, Устим (2008). Герби Львівських владик в Унії з Римом (1667—2007) [Coats of arms of Lviv bishops in the Union with Rome (1667—2007)] (in Ukrainian). Tarnopol: Новий колір. p. 112. ISBN 978-966-2061-11-6.
  16. ^ Dunin-Wilczyński, Zbigniew (2006). Order Św. Stanisława [Order of St. Stanisław] (in Polish). Warszawa: CB. p. 179. ISBN 8373390367.
  17. ^ a b c d Dunin-Borkowski, Jerzy (1908). Almanach Błękitny. Genealogia żyjących rodów polskich [Blue Almanac. Genealogy of living Polish families] (in Polish). Warszawa-Lwów: Wende i Ska ; nakł. Księgarni H. Altenberga. p. 913.
  18. ^ Boniecki, Adam (1908). Herbarz polski. Cz. 1, Wiadomości historyczno-genealogiczne o rodach szlacheckich. T.12 [Polish armorial. Vol. 1, Historical and genealogical information about noble families. T.12] (in Polish). Warszawa-Kraków: Warszawa : Warszawskie Towarzystwo Akcyjne S. Orgelbranda S[yn]ów). p. 353.
  19. ^ Baczkowski, Michał (2012). Szeptycki Wincenty Wiktor Leon (1782–1836). Polski Słownik Biograficzny [Szeptycki Wincenty Wiktor Leon (1782–1836). Polish Biographical Dictionary] (in Polish). Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk.
  20. ^ "Митрополит Андрей Шептицький - Україна Incognita". Archived from the original on 2020-04-07. Retrieved 2020-04-09.
  21. ^ a b c d e Sister Irena, Marawska (2016). Historia Pisana życiem. Łabunie - Mały przewodnik [History Written by Life. Łabunie - A small guide.] (in Polish). Łabunie: Łabunska Biblioteczka Regionalisty. p. 14. ISBN 978-83-62989-98-0.
  22. ^ Visit at the "Izba Pamięci" by Sister Irena Murawska
  23. ^ Grażyna (10 April 2015). "Błogosławiony Stanisław Kostka Starowieyski". oczamiduszy. Retrieved 19 May 2023.
  24. ^ "Stanisław Maria Jan hr. Szeptycki z Przyłbic h. wł. (ID: cz.I007732)". Dr Minakowski. 2023. Retrieved 3 September 2023.
  25. ^ ""Righteous among the Nations", Jewish Biography". Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  26. ^ Dowell, Stuart (24 October 2023). "Polish ambassador blasts Moscow after plaques commemorating Polish victims of Soviet repression removed". Polish Press Agency. Retrieved 28 October 2023.
  27. ^ Łoś, Piotr Szymon (2005). Szkice do portretu ziemian polskich XX wieku [Sketches for the portrait of Polish landowners of the 20th century] (in Polish). Warszawa: Rytm. p. 721. ISBN 978-83-7399-135-4.
  28. ^ Wasylewski, Stanisław (1958). Pod kopułą lwowskiego Ossolineum: pamiętnik stypendysty i asystenta Zakładu Narodowego im. Ossolińskich w latach 1905–1910 [Under the dome of the Ossolineum in Lviv: diary of a scholarship holder and assistant of the National Institute of Ossoliński in the years 1905–1910] (in Polish). Wrocław: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich. p. 199.
  29. ^ Białczyński, Czesław (2016). "Wielcy Polacy: Jadwiga Szeptycka (1883 – 1939) – zapomniana wielka patriotka, pionierka archeologii". Czesław Białczyński. Retrieved 3 September 2023.
  30. ^ "Zofia Maria Bronisława "Maria Jozafata"". Dr Minakowski. 2023. Retrieved 19 May 2023.
  31. ^ "Szeptycki Andrzej". Instytut Pamięci Narodowej. 2023. Retrieved 3 September 2023.
  32. ^ a b c Ziemianie polscy XX wieku. Słownik biograficzny. Część 7 [Polish Landowners of the 20th Century. Biographical Dictionary. Part 7.] (PDF) (in Polish). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo DiG. 2004. pp. 147–148, 155–156. ISBN 83-7181-320-1.
  33. ^ "prof. dr hab. inż. Aleksander Szeptycki". National Information Processing Institute. 2023. Retrieved 3 September 2023.


  • Samuel Orgelbrand (1903). Encyklopedja Powszechna. S. Orgelbranda synów. p. 254.
  • Bogdan Zakrzewski (1993). Fredro nie tylko komediopisarz. Wydawn. Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego. p. 163. ISBN 978-83-229-0957-7.

External links[edit]