Szombierki Heat Power Station

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Szombierki Power Station
Bytom Szombierki - CHP Szombierki 02.jpg
Official nameElektrociepłownia Szombierki
CountryPoland
LocationBytom
Coordinates50°20′42″N 18°53′11″E / 50.34500°N 18.88639°E / 50.34500; 18.88639Coordinates: 50°20′42″N 18°53′11″E / 50.34500°N 18.88639°E / 50.34500; 18.88639
StatusOperational
Commission date1920
Owner(s)Rezonator S.A.
Thermal power station
Primary fuelCoal
Cogeneration?Yes
Thermal capacity8.8 MWt
Power generation
Nameplate capacity29 MWe
External links
Websitewww.ecszombierki.pl
CommonsRelated media on Commons

Szombierki Power Station (Polish: Elektrociepłownia Szombierki) is a coal-fired power station in Szombierki district of Bytom, Poland. Operational since 1920, since the 1990s it operates at a limited capacity, and is regarded as a monument due to its architectural values.

History[edit]

Historic clock tower at the Szombierki Power Plant
Interior

The power plant was completed after World War I, and started operations in 1920, providing electricity for Bytom region (then part of Germany). The structure, originally intended to be an explosives factory, covers approximately 36,000 square metres (390,000 sq ft). It was originally operated by Schaffgotsch Bergwerksgesellschaft GmbH (a German company of the Schaffgotsch family). The structure was designed by German architects Georg and Emil Zillmann, known in Silesia as architects of the Nikiszowiec and Giszowiec districts in nearby Katowice. Notable features of the design included a large hall (2,800 square metres (30,000 sq ft)), three 120-metre (390 ft) chimneys, and a clock tower with a clock, one of the largest turret clocks in Poland.

By World War II the plant had a capacity of 100 MW. Quickly rebuilt after the war, and operating at a similar capacity in the 1950s, the Szombierki Power Plant was one of the largest in the People's Republic of Poland and Europe.[1][2][3][4]

In the 1970s, the power plant was converted from a thermal power station to a combined heat and power plant. It was modernised up until the mid 1990s, and from 1993 it was owned by Zespół Elektrociepłowni Bytom S.A.[5] Since the late 1990s, the power plant has been operating at a significantly reduced capacity, used primarily as a reserve power plant. It is considered an industrial monument (a part of the Trail of Monuments of Engineering in the Silesian Voivodeship, Szlak Zabytków Techniki Województwa Śląskiego). During a 2009 vote organized by mmsilesia.pl, TVS and supported by the officials of the Silesian Voivodeship, it was voted as one of the "Seven Architectural Wonders of the Silesian Voivodeship".[6] As of 2013 the structure has been officially classified as a monument by the government of Poland.[4] Since the mid-1990s, it has been a host site to a number of cultural events (such as concerts or exhibitions) until 2011, when it was acquired by Finnish company Fortum and closed due to concerns over structure stability. Parts of the structure are still open for small guided tours.[1][2]

There are plans to convert it into a museum or a similar type of a cultural institution.[7][8]

2020 registered by Europa Nostra in the list of endangered cultural monuments. The building complex is currently massively threatened in its existence.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Elektrociepłownia Szombierki". Zabytkitechniki.pl. Retrieved 2014-03-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b "Elektrociepłownia Szombierki". Kulturalnybytom.pl. 2012-05-22. Retrieved 2014-03-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Elektrociepłownia Szombierki w Bytomiu - Miejsca". Pelniakultury.pl. Retrieved 2014-03-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b "Bytom: Elektrociepłownia Szombierki w rejestrze zabytków województwa śląskiego". Dziennikzachodni.pl. 2013-02-08. Retrieved 2014-03-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ MaciekWielki » 14 kwie 2013, 05:10 (2011-03-18). "Forum historia Polski • Wyświetl temat - Historia Elektrociepłowni Szombierki – perły architektury przemysłowej na Śląsku". HistoriaPolski.eu. Retrieved 2014-03-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "Znamy 7 cudów architektury województwa śląskiego". Slaskie.pl. 2009-10-09. Retrieved 2014-03-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Jaka przyszłość czeka Elektrociepłownię Szombierki w Bytomiu? Pomysł jest". Dziennikzachodni.pl. 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2014-03-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ "Bytom zawalczy o Centrum Nauki w Elektrociepłowni Szombierki". gazeta.pl. 2011-11-25. Retrieved 2014-03-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ "Kongres Ochrony Zabytków". facebook.com/KOZ14/. Retrieved 2021-05-01. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links[edit]