# Szpiro's conjecture

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In number theory, Szpiro's conjecture concerns a relationship between the conductor and the discriminant of an elliptic curve. In a general form, it is equivalent to the well-known abc conjecture. It is named for Lucien Szpiro who formulated it in the 1980s.

The conjecture states that: given ε > 0, there exists a constant C(ε) such that for any elliptic curve E defined over Q with minimal discriminant Δ and conductor f, we have

$\vert\Delta\vert \leq C(\varepsilon ) \cdot f^{6+\varepsilon }. \,$

The modified Szpiro conjecture states that: given ε > 0, there exists a constant C(ε) such that for any elliptic curve E defined over Q with invariants c4, c6 and conductor f (see Tate's algorithm#Notation), we have

$\max\{\vert c_4\vert^3,\vert c_6\vert^2\} \leq C(\varepsilon )\cdot f^{6+\varepsilon }. \,$