Sztynort

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Sztynort
Village
Lehndorff Palace
Lehndorff Palace
Sztynort is located in Poland
Sztynort
Sztynort
Coordinates: 54°7′54″N 21°41′5″E / 54.13167°N 21.68472°E / 54.13167; 21.68472
Country Poland Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Węgorzewo
Gmina Węgorzewo
Population 170
Derelict Steinort Palace in 2008, prior to reconstruction.

Sztynort [ˈʂtɨnɔrt] (German: Steinort) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Węgorzewo, within Węgorzewo County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, in northern Poland, close to the border with the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia.[1] It lies approximately 11 kilometres (7 mi) south-west of Węgorzewo and 87 km (54 mi) north-east of the regional capital Olsztyn.

Before 1945, the area was part of the German province of (East Prussia). The Palace was the property of the Lehndorff family since 1420 (by other sources since 1565) until the expulsion of Germans from Poland after the border changes of 1945. The current palace was built by Marie Eleonore von Lehndorff née von Dönhoff after an older building had been destroyed by Polish Tatars in the Second Northern War in 1656.[2]

German Foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop used the palace throughout his sojourns at the nearby Wolfsschanze between 1941 and 1944.[3] The last proprietor of the estate, Heinrich Count von Lehndorff, was executed by the Nazis for his participation in the plot against Hitler that failed with the faulty assassination attempt on July 20, 1944, at the nearby Wolfsschanze wartime military headquarters of the Nazi regime.

After 1945, the palace was occupied for several years by the Red Army. An agricultural cooperative moved in in 1950. In 2009, it could still be viewed only from the outside, the intererior, neglected for more than half a century, having become badly degraded.

In November 2009, the ownership of the palace was transferred to the German-Polish Foundation for Cultural Maintenance and historic Preservation (Deutsch-Polnische Stiftung Kulturpflege und Denkmalschutz), and reconstruction of the ruins began in 2010.[2]

The village has a population of 170.

Notable residents[edit]

This memorial stone for Heinrich von Lehndorff was unveiled on Lehndorff's 100's birthday in 2009 at Sztynort.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01. 
  2. ^ a b Deutsch-Polnische Stiftung Kulturpflege und Denkmalschutz (in German) (in Polish)
  3. ^ Vollmer, Antje (2010). Heinrich und Gottliebe von Lehndorff im Widerstand gegen Hitler und Ribbentrop (in German). Eichborn. ISBN 3-8218-6232-7. 

Coordinates: 54°7′54″N 21°41′5″E / 54.13167°N 21.68472°E / 54.13167; 21.68472