Târgu Neamț

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Târgu Neamț
Coat of arms of Târgu Neamț
Location in Neamț County
Location in Neamț County
Târgu Neamț is located in Romania
Târgu Neamț
Târgu Neamț
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 47°12′9″N 26°21′31″E / 47.20250°N 26.35861°E / 47.20250; 26.35861Coordinates: 47°12′9″N 26°21′31″E / 47.20250°N 26.35861°E / 47.20250; 26.35861
CountryRomania
CountyNeamț
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Vasilică Harpa[1] (PSD)
Area
47.31 km2 (18.27 sq mi)
Elevation
365 m (1,198 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
18,695
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
615200
Area code(+40) 02 33
Vehicle reg.NT
Websitewww.primariatgneamt.ro

Târgu Neamț (Romanian pronunciation: [ˌtɨrɡu ˈne̯amt͡s]; German: Niamtz, Hungarian: Németvásár, Hebrew: נאמץ טרגו, Latin: Ante Castrum Nempch) is a town in Neamț County, Western Moldavia, Romania, on the river Neamț. It had, as of 2002, a population of 20,496. Three villages are administered by the town: Blebea, Humulești, and Humuleștii Noi.

History[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1912 9,095—    
1930 9,475+4.2%
1948 8,948−5.6%
1956 10,373+15.9%
1966 12,877+24.1%
1977 14,951+16.1%
1992 22,282+49.0%
2002 22,634+1.6%
2011 18,232−19.4%
Source: Census data

Originally a market town, hence its name (in Romanian "târg" = market), it had an important role in Moldavian culture. It was first mentioned in a late-14th century document.

The name neamț is a generic name of Slavic origin for the German people in the Romanian language. This has led to speculation of a German foundation of Târgu Neamț, according to which Saxon colonists crossed the Carpathians from the Bistrița area and built a commercial township. Some Romanian historians, including Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu consider that Târgu Neamț was probably a German settlement from the 13th century, when the Teutonic Order made incursions from Transylvania against the Cumanic peoples that were living in Moldavia.[citation needed]

Nowadays, historians disagree with this possibility mostly because of the long-lasting influences of the communist-nationalistic historiography which refused to accept the town was anything else than a Romanian-founded settlement.

Access[edit]

The town is located at the crossing of two national roads: DN15B [ro] RO Roadsign 15B.svg and DN15C [ro] RO Roadsign 15C.svg. The planned East-West Motorway will bypass the town on its south when completed, providing access to Iași (to the east) and Târgu Mureș to the west. The railroad station is the terminus station of CFR Line 517 linking it to Pașcani via an electrified railway.

Tourism and attractions[edit]

  • The Neamț Fortress (Cetatea Neamțului) was built in the 14th century by Voivode Petru I (possibly on the ruins of a smaller Teutonic castle), and is located on the north bank of the Neamț River.
  • Târgu Neamț is an appropriate starting point for trips to the monasteries in the region, located all on an average 15 km (9.3 mi) radius: Neamț Monastery, Secu Monastery [ro], Agapia Monastery, Văratec Monastery, Sihăstria Monastery [ro], and Sihla Skete [ro]. It is close to the Ceahlău Massif, Durău, and the Bistrița Valley.
  • Ion Creangă memorial house in Humulești, across the Ozana river: This is the house where the famous Romanian writer was born and where he spent his childhood. The stories from Ion Creangă's masterpiece, Amintiri din copilărie ("Memories of my childhood"), revolve around Humulești, Târgu Neamț, and the surrounding villages.
  • Monumentul Eroilor (Heroes' Monument): an obelisk that commemorates the Romanian soldiers who fought in World War I is found on Pleșu Hill, near the Pometea suburb. It commands views of the town and the surrounding mountains.
  • The Vânători-Neamț Natural Park, housing a herd of wisent, the European bisons that once roamed the Eastern Carpathians.
  • The Nicolae Popa ethnographic museum în Târpești.

Natives[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.