Tây Ninh Province
Tây Ninh Province
Tỉnh Tây Ninh
Cao Dai Holy See
Location of Tây Ninh within Vietnam
|Metropolitan area||Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area|
|• People's Council Chair||Nguyễn Thành Tâm|
|• People's Committee Chair||Phạm Văn Tân|
|• Secretary of Tây Ninh Party Committee||Phạm Viết Thanh|
|• Total||4,041.4 km2 (1,560.4 sq mi)|
|• Density||290/km2 (750/sq mi)|
|• Ethnicities||Vietnamese, Chăm, Khmer, Hoa|
|• HDI (2011)||0.537|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||VN-37|
Tây Ninh Province locates between Ho Chi Minh City and Phnom Penh, in Southern Key Economic Zone and borders Cambodia to the west. Tây Ninh City is 99 km away from Ho Chi Minh City following National Route 22 and 40 km away from the border with Cambodia to the northwest.
Formerly a Cambodian (Khmer) territory occupied early in the 19th century by the Vietnamese under the emperor Gia Long, the region has Khmer, Chinese, and Cham minorities. Followers of the Cao Dai, who dominate the area, have built a Holy See in Tây Ninh. The region also has concentrations of the Hòa Hảo, a rival militant Buddhist sect. The area is noted for its large rubber and sugar plantations; rice and coconuts are also harvested.
Tây Ninh Province has a population of 1,169,165 (in 2019) and an area of 4,041.4 km².
Like other Southeast provinces, Tây Ninh Province is in the middle terrain of South Central Coast Highland and Mekong Delta, the terrain is relatively flat. Tây Ninh not only has highland terrain, but also has flat terrain such as Black Virgin Mountain with the height of 986 m, Phung Mountain (435 m), Heo Mountain (289 m), Tan Bien National Revolutionary Martyrs' Cemetery or Hill 82 (82 m). Terrain of south districts is about 15 m height, while river source of Dầu Tiếng Lake and some places in Tân Châu District is about 115 m, flat terrain and floodplain is 1 m, but the average height in Tây Ninh Province is just about 35 m. Overall, terrain's height of Tây Ninh Province is lower than that of other Southeast provinces, except Ho Chi Minh City.
|Daytime||30.5 °C||32.2 °C||34 °C||35 °C||34.6||33.4 °C||32 °C||32 °C||32 °C||31.7 °C||31.2 °C||31 °C|
|Nighttime||20.5 °C||21.7 °C||23 °C||24.5 °C||24 °C||24 °C||24.3 °C||24 °C||23.5 °C||22.8 °C||22.4 °C||21.2 °C|
|Rainfall||13 mm||11 mm||24 mm||104 mm||203 mm||265 mm||257 mm||234 mm||353 mm||314 mm||139 mm||48 mm|
As a former Khmer territory, the province is called Raung Damrey. Vietnamese encroached and conquered Raung Damrey in 1770. The Cao Đài religion originated in Tây Ninh. It is the birthplace of Trình Minh Thế, a nationalist and military leader during the end of the First Indochina War.
Because of the once-vaunted political and military power of the Cao Dai, this region was the scene of prolonged and heavy fighting during the First Indochina War. Tây Ninh province served as a major terminus of the Ho Chi Minh trail during the American War, and in 1969 the Viet Cong captured Tây Ninh town and held it for several days. During the period of conflict between Cambodia and Vietnam in the late 1970s, the Khmer Rouge launched a number of cross-border raids into Tây Ninh province and committed atrocities against civilians. Several cemeteries around Tây Ninh are stark reminders of these events.
Tây Ninh is subdivided into nine district-level sub-divisions:
- 6 districts:
They are further subdivided into 6 commune-level towns (or townlets), 71 communes, and 17 wards.
|District-level sub-divisions||Thành phố
Dương Minh Châu
|Administrative divisions||7 wards, 3 communes||4 wards, 4 communes||6 wards, 4 communes||1 townlet, 8 communes||1 townlet, 14 communes||1 townlet, 10 communes||1 townlet, 8 communes||1 townlet, 9 communes||1 townlet, 11 communes|
|Year of Establishment||2013||2020||2020||1959||1975||1989||1955||1749||1989|
|Source: Website of Tây Ninh Province|
In 2016-18, the province has reduced its rice and cassava growing areas and increased growing high-value fruits, according to the province’s Department of Agriculture and Rural Development. The fruits include longan, grapefruit, durian, mango and soursop. During the period, the province’s fruit growing area had a growth rate of 9.1 per cent a year, taking the province’s total fruit area to 20,212ha by the end of 2018. The province has about 1,300ha of fruits, including soursop, grapefruit, pineapple, banana and dragon fruit, which are grown under VietGAP standards.
Chairwoman of the National Assembly Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân lauded Tây Ninh for its efforts in socioeconomic development, with the gross regional domestic product (GRDP) growing 8.5 per cent in 2018 and the provincial competitiveness index ranked 14th out of the 63 cities and provinces, up five places from 2017. Alongside economic development, the province should pay attention to sustainable environmental protection, especially sewage and forest environment issues. Urging the locality to pay due attention to the fight against smuggling, trade fraud, and counterfeit goods through border gates, Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc stressed the need to combining socioeconomic development with ensuring defense and security in border areas.
Tây Ninh Province owns 9 industrial parks included the list of Vietnam industrial zone until 2015 and the vision of 2020, with total natural land area of 4,485 ha. So far, 5 IPs have been established including: Trang Bang IP (190ha), Linh Trung industrial and processing zone No. III (203ha); Bourbon An Hoa IP (760 ha), Phuoc Đong IP (2,190 ha), Cha La IP – phase I (42 ha), with total natural land area of 3,385 ha, the industrial land area for lease to construct workshop is 2,162 ha.
In 2019, The Ministry of Transport, the Ho Chi Minh City People's Committee and the Tây Ninh provincial People’s Committee held a conference in Ho Chi Minh City on October 26 to sign a coordination plan on the construction of the Ho Chi Minh City-Moc Bai highway. The highway, which is being implemented under a public-private partnership, will connect the city with Moc Bai International Border Gate in the southern province of Tay Ninh. The Moc Bai International Border Gate in Tây Ninh Province has international exchanges with Cambodia and Thailand. National Road 22 is the only road linking HCM City with Mộc Bài. A survey conducted in 2017 showed that 39,700 vehicles traveled on the road each day, and that its designed loading capacity was 40,000 per day. Construction of the HCM City-Moc Bai Expressway is slated to be completed by 2025 with at least four lanes and expanded to six or eight lanes by 2045.
- Black Virgin Mountain Festival (from the 15th to the 18th day of the first lunar month; Via Ba Festival lasting from the 5th to the 6th day of the fifth lunar month)
- Hội Yến Diêu Trì (annually held in Tây Ninh Holy See or Cao Dai Holy See on the 15th of the eighth lunar month)
- Statistical Handbook of Vietnam 2014, General Statistics Office Of Vietnam
- "Thị xã Tây Ninh sẽ lên thành phố vào năm 2014:Thị xã Tây Ninh sẽ lên thành phố vào năm 2014". Báo Đồng Nai (in Vietnamese). Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- "Tay Ninh". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- Planet, Lonely (January 1, 2010). "History in Tay Ninh, Vietnam". Lonely Planet. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- "Tây Ninh upgrades irrigation networks to improve agricultural production". vietnamnews.vn. November 26, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- "Top legislator urges Tây Ninh to utilise potential for growth". vietnamnews.vn. November 26, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- "Tây Ninh should become high-quality agricultural hub: PM". vietnamnews.vn. November 26, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- Hương, Trần Hoài (December 28, 2013). "Economic zones, industrial parks and processing zones of Tay Ninh calling for investment in the period of 2011- 2015 ( Part 2)". VIETRADE. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- "Nearly VND10.7 trillion for construction of Ho Chi Minh City - Moc Bai highway". Nhan Dan Online. November 4, 2019. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- "HCM City seeks investment for HCM City-Mộc Bài Expressway project". Vietnam and Asia Latest News - VietnamPosts.NET - uGroup (tm). September 13, 2019. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- Websoft.vn. "Festivals in Tay Ninh". Vietnamtourism (in Vietnamese). Retrieved November 4, 2019.