Tópaga

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Tópaga
Municipality and town
View of Tópaga
View of Tópaga
Flag of Tópaga
Flag
Location of the municipality and town of Tópaga in the Boyacá Department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town of Tópaga in the Boyacá Department of Colombia
Country  Colombia
Department Boyacá Department
Province Sugamuxi Province
Founded 6 March 1593
Founded by Álvaro Leiva
Government
 • Mayor Frankly Orduz
(2016-2019)
Area
 • Municipality and town 37 km2 (14 sq mi)
 • Urban 6.4 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
Elevation 2,900 m (9,500 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Municipality and town 3,694
 • Density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,406
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website

Tópaga (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈtopaɣa]) is a town and municipality in the Sugamuxi Province, part of the Colombian department of Boyacá. Tópaga is situated on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense with the urban center at an altitude of 2,900 metres (9,500 ft) while the topography varies over the municipality from 2,400 metres (7,900 ft) to 3,200 metres (10,500 ft). It borders Nobsa and Corrales in the west, in the east Mongua and Gámeza, in the north Gámeza and in the south Monguí and Sogamoso. Department capital Tunja is 98 kilometres (61 mi) away. Chicamocha River flows through Tópaga.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The name Tópaga comes from Chibcha and means "Behind father river".[2]

History[edit]

Before the Spanish conquest, Tópaga was inhabited by the Muisca. The village was ruled by a cacique with the same name as the village, loyal to the iraca of Sugamuxi. The iraca was educated by messenger god Bochica according to the religion of the Muisca.[1]

Modern Tópaga was founded in 1593 by Álvaro Leiva.[1]

Economy[edit]

Main economical activity of Tópaga is coal mining, used to produce electrical energy.[1]

Gallery[edit]

Panorama[edit]

Central square of Tópaga

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (Spanish) Official website Tópaga
  2. ^ (Spanish) Etymology Tópaga - Excelsio.net


Coordinates: 5°46′N 72°50′W / 5.767°N 72.833°W / 5.767; -72.833