|Platforms||7 (1–3, 5–6, 12–13)|
The station is located south of the centre of the old town on the opposite side of the Neckar. It was originally built in open fields, that are now the southern Tübingen districts of Derendingen and Südstadt. In 1960 a bus station was established in the station forecourt (Europaplatz), which is now used by 34 bus routes daily, connecting the station to the entire city.
In 1861, the Upper Neckar Railway (now called the Neckar-Alb Railway as far as Tübingen) from Stuttgart was extended from Reutlingen via Tübingen to Rottenburg am Neckar. The line was then further extended in several stages until 1870, when it finally reached Immendingen on the Black Forest Railway, connecting to Lake Constance. This provided the rail link to the capital of the former Kingdom of Württemberg for the then 8,000 residents of Tübingen and about 30,000 residents in the administrative district of Oberamt Tübingen that then included Tübingen. In 1861/1862, the still preserved station building was built to a design by the architect Josef Schlierholz. At the same time an engine depot was established in Tübingen. From 1867 to 1874, the Royal Württemberg State Railways built the Hohenzollern Railway (Hohenzollernbahn, now the Zollernalb Railway—Zollernalbbahn) from Tübingen via Hechingen to Sigmaringen, making Tübingen into a railway junction. Once the Ammer Valley Railway from Herrenberg was connected to Tübingen on 1 May 1910, the present form of the rail junction was largely achieved. In 1916, an underpass was built to the two island platforms, the entrance building was extended to the west with the construction of the so-called exit hall, the interior of the entrance building was rebuilt and the platforms were covered. Apart from changes of use, in particular the conversion of waiting rooms and storage areas to shops and restaurants, and minor changes, such as the removal of the platform barriers, it is largely unchanged since then.
Air raid shelters were set up in the basement of the entrance building in 1937.
Layout of the station
The Tübingen Hauptbahnhof now has eight running lines, five of which are equipped with platforms: track 1 is the main platform track, the two island platforms are bordered by tracks 2/3 and 5/6. On the island platforms there are also the bay platforms 9–12, of which only 12 is used for passenger operations. At the western end of the main platform there is another bay platform, track 13. The former freight yard was to the west of the station, close to the engine depot and the Ammer Valley Railway, Zollernalb Railway and Upper Neckar Railway. Only a few of its tracks are still in use for stabling trains.
All tracks have LCD destination displays for passenger information. There is also a Deutsche Bahn service point and a travel centre. Two restaurants and various shops are available for visitors. The station also has a federal police station and a contact point of the Bahnhofsmission (a charity).
Tübingen Hauptbahnhof is not accessible for the handicapped, but DB Station&Service is implementing a development plan to overcome this problem during 2011 as part of the station modernisation program of Baden-Württemberg; work started in the spring of 2010. In the course of this work platforms will also be raised, circulation areas will be modernised and the infrastructure will be better aligned with operating requirements.
Long distance services
Until the new timetable in December 2009, there were no scheduled long-distance services to Tübingen. Since then, a pair of trains on InterCity line 32 was extended from Stuttgart to Tübingen. The service is being trialled for two years and it will then be reviewed.
|(Berlin Südkreuz – Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg –) Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Stuttgart – Nürtingen – Reutlingen – Tübingen||One pair|
|Stuttgart – Reutlingen – Tübingen – Hechingen – Albstadt – Sigmaringen – Aulendorf||120 minutes||Neckar-Alb Railway, Zollernalb Railway|
|Tübingen – Reutlingen – Metzingen – Nürtingen – Plochingen – Esslingen (N) – Stuttgart||60 minutes (30 minutes in peak hours)||Neckar-Alb Railway|
|Tübingen – Entringen – Herrenberg||30 minutes||Ammer Valley Railway|
|Most Regionalbahn services from Herrenberg run from Tübingen to Plochingen or Bad Urach.|
|(Tübingen – Reutlingen –) Metzingen – Bad Urach||60 minutes||Neckar-Alb Railway, Erms Valley Railway|
|Tübingen – Reutlingen – Metzingen – Nürtingen – Wendlingen (– Plochingen)||60 minutes||Neckar-Alb Railway|
|Tübingen – Rottenburg (– Horb), some services continue to Pforzheim/Karlsruhe||30 minutes||Upper Neckar Railway|
|Tübingen – Mössingen – Hechingen – Balingen – Albstadt-Ebingen (– Sigmaringen – Bad Saulgau – Aulendorf)||60 minutes (to Albstadt), 120 minutes (to Aulendorf)||Zollernalb Railway||
|Trains between Tübingen and Sigmaringen are operated by Hohenzollerische Landesbahn, trains between Sigmaringen and Aulendorf are operated as Regionalbahn services by RAB. In practice services on the whole route are operated by the two companies jointly.|
After the planned completion of the Stuttgart 21 project, it is planned to operate four trains per hour each way between Stuttgart and Tübingen in 2020. Two pairs of trains per hour will stop in Nürtingen and Stuttgart Flughafen/Messe station, running via the proposed Little Wendlingen Curve and a section of the new Wendlingen–Ulm high-speed line. Two pairs of trains an hour will run via Plochingen. Diesel powered tilting trains will no longer run on the line, because they will be banned in the new Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof.
- "Bahnhofsmodernisierungsprogramm Baden-Württemberg" (PDF) (in German). VCD Baden-Württemberg an die NVBW Nahverkehrsgesellschaft Baden-Württemberg mbH. 3 September 2007. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
- Staatsarchiv Ludwigsburg K 412 IV DO 14636 Tübingen Hbf: Bahnsteigunterführung bei km 48+731,92 - Grundriss Treppe 1 - 3
- Staatsarchiv Ludwigsburg K 412 IV DO 14647 Tübingen Hbf: Empf.Verwaltungsgeb.Anbau Ausgangshalle
- Staatsarchiv Ludwigsburg K 412 IV DO 14621 Tübingen Hbf: Empfangsgebäude Überdachung Bahnsteig 2
- Staatsarchiv Ludwigsburg K 412 IV DO 14646 Tübingen Hbf: Empfangsgebäude Verwaltungsgebäude Grundriss Erdgeschoss
- Staatsarchiv Ludwigsburg K 412 IV DO 14653 Tübingen Hbf: Einbau eines Luftschutzraumes Empfangsgeb
- Bahnhofs-Modernisierungsprogramm Baden-Württemberg
- Hauptbahnhof soll endlich barrierefrei werden, Schwäbisches Tagblatt Tübingen, 28 October 2009
- Martin Mayer (2009-12-14). "Endlich Grünes Licht im Sackbahnhof" (in German). Schwäbisches Tagblatt. Retrieved 14 March 2010.
- "Stellungnahme von SMA und Partner AG zu Veröffentlichungen von vertraulichen Sitzungsunterlagen" (PDF, 65 kB) (in German). SMA und Partner. 28 July 2010. p. 6. Retrieved 14 March 2010.
- Dagmar Starke (October 2010). "Angebotskonzept SPNV 2020" (PDF) (in German). Nahverkehrsgesellschaft Baden-Württemberg. Retrieved 14 March 2010.