Türksat 1A

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Türksat 1A
Mission type Communications
Operator Turksat
Mission duration 10 years planned
Failed to orbit
Spacecraft properties
Bus Spacebus-2000
Manufacturer Aérospatiale
Launch mass 1,743 kilograms (3,843 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 24 January 1994, 21:37:00 (1994-01-24UTC21:37Z) UTC[1]
Rocket Ariane 44LP
Launch site Kourou ELA-2
Contractor Arianespace
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Geostationary
Epoch Planned

Türksat 1A was a Turkish communications satellite as part of a project to form an instant network with two geosynchronous satellites that is supervised by the companies Türksat A.Ş. in Turkey and Aérospatiale of France.

Turkey's first spacecraft in its space program, Türksat 1A was launched by Arianespace atop an Ariane-44LP H10+ launch vehicle, along with the French satellite Eutelsat 2F5, in a dual-payload launch on January 24, 1994 at 21:37:00 UTC from ELA-2 at the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana. It failed to reach the orbit as it was lost by falling into ocean due to malfunction of the launch vehicle's last stage 12 minutes and 12 seconds after lift-off.[2][3][4]

After successful launching of Türksat 1B the same year, Türksat 1A's mission was replaced by Türksat 1C, which was placed into orbit in 1996.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 9 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Türksat 1A, 1B, 1C". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  3. ^ "Ariane-44LP H10+". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  4. ^ a b Taşpınar, Özgür (2011-07-05). "İşte Türkiye'nin uzay programı". NTV-MSNBC (in Turkish). Retrieved 2012-12-22.