Tāmaki (New Zealand electorate)

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Tāmaki electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Tāmaki is a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate is named after the Tamaki River that runs immediately east of the seat. The electorate is represented by Simon O'Connor, who became the National Party candidate after Allan Peachey withdrew from the 2011 election for health reasons; Peachey died before the election.

Population centres[edit]

The 1941 census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Tamaki.[1]

Tāmaki is based around Auckland City's wealthy eastern beaches, Mission Bay, Meadowbank, Saint Heliers, Kohimarama and Glendowie; it also contains the working-class suburb of Glen Innes on its southern fringe. Tāmaki is the home of a selection of New Zealand's emblematic historical moments: Ngāti Whatua activism at Bastion Point (sparking a chain of events leading to the modern Treaty of Waitangi grievance settlement process) occurred inside the seat's boundaries, a seat at the time represented by the contentious Robert Muldoon, the Prime Minister responsible for the Crown's response to the occupation of Bastion Point. Among other Ngāti Whatua land taken through governmental application of public works legislation is Paratai Drive, once New Zealand's most expensive street. The area around Mission Bay is also home to the Savage Memorial, a huge site dedicated to the memory of former Labour Michael Joseph Savage, architect of the welfare state in New Zealand.

History[edit]

The National Party has held Tāmaki in all its various incarnations since 1960, when future Prime Minister Robert Muldoon (later Sir Robert) began his parliamentary career by ousting long-time Labour stalwart Bob Tizard,[2] and staying firmly in place until his self-selected departure from parliament at the end of 1991. In four elections (1972, 1975, 1978 and 1981) Bill Andersen of the Socialist Unity Party ran against him, receiving between 39 and 188 votes.

Muldoon's departure caused a by-election in 1992, where candidate Clem Simich won despite fierce competition in an environment where both major parties were out of favour with the electorate. Simich gave up his seat ahead of the 2005 election to high school principal Allan Peachey. Simich was returned to parliament from his party's list, having chosen to move from standing for one of his party's safest seats to instead contest Māngere, easily Labour's safest seat. Since 2005, Tāmaki was represented by Allan Peachey, who announced his retirement at the end of the parliamentary term in 2011 for health reasons. Simon O'Connor was chosen by the National Party to contest the electorate in the 2011 general election.[3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

 Labour    National    ACT  

Election Winner
1946 election Tom Skinner
1949 election Eric Halstead
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election Bob Tizard
1960 election Robert Muldoon1
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1992 by-election Clem Simich
1993 election
1996 election
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election Allan Peachey2
2008 election
2011 election Simon O'Connor
2014 election

1Robert Muldoon resigned effective December 1991
2Allan Peachey announced that, due to his ill-health he would retire at the 2011 election, but he died twenty days before election day

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Tāmaki electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1996 election Jonathan Hunt
Patricia Schnauer
2002 election Ken Shirley

Election results[edit]

2014 election[edit]

General election, 2014: Tamaki[4]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Simon O'Connor 25,539 69.50 +1.83 24,091 65.56 +1.14
Labour Chao-Fu Wu 5,118 13.93 -4.28 5,431 14.78 -2.80
Green Dorthe Siggaar 3,711 10.10 +2.30 3,232 8.80 +0.03
Conservative Danny Mountain 610 1.66 +0.12 1,122 3.05 +1.53
ACT Mike Milne 474 1.29 -1.10 504 1.37 -0.99
Mana Lisa Gibson 302 0.82 +0.82
NZ First   1,619 4.41 +0.65
Mana   263 0.72 +0.45
Māori   175 0.48 -0.03
Legalise Cannabis   106 0.29 +0.01
United Future   69 0.19 -0.22
Civilian   15 0.04 +0.04
Focus   13 0.04 +0.04
Independent Coalition   12 0.03 +0.03
Democrats   10 0.03 +0.03
Ban 1080   8 0.02 +0.02
Informal votes 438 78
Total Valid votes 36,192 36,748
National hold Majority 20,421 56.42 +7.96

2011 election[edit]

General election, 2011: Tamaki[5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Simon O'Connor 24,837 67.67 +1.93 24,338 64.42 +4.19
Labour Nick Iusitini Bakulich 7,051 19.21 -1.53 6,642 17.58 -3.58
Green Richard Leckinger 2,861 7.80 +1.94 3,314 8.77 +3.48
ACT John Boscawen 887 2.39 -2.06 893 2.36 -5.56
Conservative Litia Simpson 567 1.54 +1.54 575 1.52 +1.52
Independent Wayne Young 358 0.98 +0.98
Independent Stephen Berry 152 0.41 +0.41
NZ First   1,421 3.76 +1.29
Māori   193 0.51 -0.01
United Future   156 0.41 -0.35
Legalise Cannabis   107 0.28 +0.11
Mana   102 0.27 +0.27
Libertarianz   30 0.08 +0.03
Alliance   6 0.02 -0.002
Democrats   5 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 755 255
Total Valid votes 36,703 37,782
Turnout 38,037 77.50
National hold Majority 17,786 48.46 +3.45

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 49,080[6]

2008 election[edit]

General election, 2008: Tāmaki[7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Allan Peachey 24,863 65.74 23,205 60.22
Labour Josephine Bartley 7,843 20.74 8,152 21.16
Green Richard Leckinger 2,216 5.86 2,040 5.29
ACT Chris Simmons 1,683 4.45 3,053 7.92
NZ First Doug Nabbs 639 1.69 954 2.48
Progressive Ralph Taylor 292 0.77 188 0.49
United Future Gregory Graydon 282 0.75 294 0.76
Māori   201 0.52
Bill and Ben   104 0.27
Pacific   98 0.25
Kiwi   79 0.21
Legalise Cannabis   65 0.17
Family Party   46 0.12
Libertarianz   20 0.05
RAM   19 0.05
Alliance   7 0.02
Democrats   3 0.01
RONZ   2 0.01
Workers Party   2 0.01
Informal votes 402 152
Total Valid votes 37,818 38,532
National hold Majority 17,020


2005 election[edit]

General election, 2005: Tamaki[8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Allan Peachey 20,956 58.00 +22.69 19,829 53.87
Labour Leila Boyle 11,446 31.68 +0.09 11,890 32.30
ACT Ken Shirley 1,258 3.48 1,009 2.74
NZ First Brett Webster 973 2.69 1,393 3.78
Progressive Matt Robson 950 2.63 265 0.72
United Future Greg Graydon 504 1.39 615 1.67
Direct Democracy Grant Burch 45 0.12 6 0.02
Green   1,423 3.87
Māori   149 0.40 -
Destiny   98 0.27
Legalise Cannabis   54 0.15
Christian Heritage   22 0.06
Family Rights   19 0.05
Alliance   18 0.05
Libertarianz   12 0.03
99 MP   6 0.02
Democrats   5 0.01
RONZ   4 0.01
One NZ   1 0.01
Informal votes 411 139
Total Valid votes 36,132 36,807
National hold Majority 9,510 26.32 +22.61

1999 election[edit]

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Tamaki for a list of candidates.

1992 by-election[edit]

Tamaki by-election, 1992[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Clem Simich 7,901 45.45 -13.47
Alliance Chris Leitch 6,649 38.25 +21.061
Labour Verna Smith 2,121 12.20 -10.03
Christian Heritage Clive Thomson 199 1.14
United NZ Tania Harris 118 0.67
Independent Dean Lonergan 105 0.60
McGillicuddy Serious Adrian Holroyd 73 0.42
Defence Movement Bevan Skelton 57 0.33
Voters Voice Cliff Emeny 47 0.27
Blokes Liberation Front Frank Barker 46 0.26
Social Credit Colin Maloney 34 0.20
Independent Andrew Aitkenhead 19 0.11
Independent Victor Bryers 7 0.04
Communist League James Robb 7 0.04
Majority 1,252 7.20
Turnout 17,383 71.972 -13.692
National hold Swing -29.49

1990 election[edit]

1990 general election: Tamaki[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 12,191 58.9 +6.9
Labour Malcolm Johnston 4,599 22.2
Green Richard Green 2,633 12.7
NewLabour B Logue 789 3.8
McGillicuddy Serious C T Young 183 0.8
Democrats C D Thomas 134 0.6
Social Credit C T Willoughby 67 0.3
Independent M F Elliot 49 0.2
Independent Victor Bryers 44 0.2
Majority 7,592 36.7 +27.1
Turnout 20,689 85.6 -2.5
Registered electors 24,154

1987 election[edit]

General election, 1987: Tamaki[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 10,466 52.0 +5.6
Labour C Harding 8,519 42.4
Democrats R J Pittams 668 3.3
NZ Party D T Roberts 343 1.7
Values B Symondson 119 0.6
Majority 1,947 9.6 -7.2
Turnout 23,721 88.1 -6.1

1984 election[edit]

General election, 1984: Tamaki[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 10,414 46.4 -7.1
Labour Robin Tulloch 6,656 29.6
NZ Party J Hodgson 4,545 20.2
Social Credit E A Hagen 616 2.8
Values B M Cunningham 93 0.5
Independent S Hall 89 0.4
Independent D B Butler 51 0.2
Majority 3,758 16.8 -7.1
Turnout 24,607 94.2 +4.9

1981 election[edit]

General election, 1981: Tamaki[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 11,543 53.5 -3.2
Labour Richard Northey 6,390 29.6
Social Credit John Stevens 3,449 16.0
Socialist Unity Bill Andersen 188 0.9 +0.6
Majority 5,153 23.9 -6.4
Turnout 24,356 89.3 +20.3

1978 election[edit]

General election, 1978: Tamaki[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 11,814 56.7 -5.7
Labour Audie Cooke-Pennefather 5,504 26.4
Social Credit Tasker 2,360 11.4
Values J Woolnough 791 3.8
Progressive National D Harden 276 1.3
Socialist Unity Bill Andersen 62 0.3 +0.1
Independent P T P Grace 22 0.2
United A H Greig 8 0.1
Majority 6,310 30.3 -5.2
Turnout 30,491 69.0 -15.6

1975 election[edit]

General election, 1975: Tamaki[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 11,836 62.4 +4.6
Labour C T Kaye 5,101 26.9
Values Brent Impey 1,258 6.6
Social Credit David Stevens 725 3.8
Socialist Unity Bill Andersen 39 0.2 -0.4
Socialist Action E W Higdon 12 0.1 -0.4
Majority 6,735 35.5 +9.3
Turnout 22,502 84.6 -6.4

1972 election[edit]

General election, 1972: Tamaki[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 10,146 57.8 -7.3
Labour A H Hedger 5,556 31.6
Values G R Jessup 876 5.0
Social Credit J Robinson 714 4.0
Socialist Unity Bill Andersen 108 0.6
Socialist Action E W Higdon 83 0.5
Independent National G V Mullenger 48 0.3
New Democratic I H Upton 31 0.2
Majority 4,590 26.2 -8.2
Turnout 19,301 91.0 -0.2

1969 election[edit]

General election, 1969: Tamaki[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 11,513 65.1 +9.7
Labour A D Bolton 5,425 30.7
Social Credit K H A Branch 496 2.8 -3.4
Independent G M Thorpy 239 1.4
Majority 6,088 34.4 +17.4
Turnout 19,485 91.2 +2.3

1966 election[edit]

General election, 1966: Tamaki[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 9,248 55.4 -3.7
Labour K Ryan 6,421 38.4
Social Credit K H A Branch 1,032 6.2
Majority 2,827 17.0 -6.0
Turnout 19,501 88.9 -4.5

1963 election[edit]

General election, 1963: Tamaki[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 9,645 59.1 +7.0
Labour N Finch 5,891 36.1
Social Credit J F Richards 382 2.3
Liberal R A Allen 307 1.9
Communist D McEwan 94 0.6
Majority 3,754 23.0 +16.2
Turnout 17,552 93.4 +0.7

1960 election[edit]

General election, 1960: Tamaki[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 8,728 52.1
Labour Bob Tizard 7,580 45.3 -5.3
Social Credit E E McGowan 352 2.1
Communist Rita Smith 77 0.5
Majority 1,148 6.8
Turnout 18,125 92.7 -3.5

1957 election[edit]

General election, 1957: Tamaki[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bob Tizard 7,749 50.6
National Eric Halstead 7,160 46.8 -6.5
Social Credit J Norris 400 2.6
Majority 589 3.8
Turnout 15,934 96.2 +2.8

1954 election[edit]

General election, 1954: Tamaki[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Eric Halstead 8,665 53.3 -0.6
Labour P T Curran 6,679 41.1
Social Credit K E D Robertson 910 5.6
Majority 1,986 12.2 +3.9
Turnout 17,482 93.4 +0.8

1951 election[edit]

General election, 1951: Tamaki[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Eric Halstead 9,504 53.9 +0.8
Labour Tom Skinner 8,043 45.6 -0.5
Independent E M Wood 84 0.5
Majority 1,461 8.3 +1.3
Turnout 19,113 92.6 -3.3

1949 election[edit]

General election, 1949: Tamaki[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Eric Halstead 8,364 53.1
Labour Tom Skinner 7,269 46.1 -4.8
Ind. Social Credit F C Jordan 123 0.8
Majority 1,095 7.0
Turnout 16,460 95.9 +1.6

1946 election[edit]

General election, 1946: Tamaki[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tom Skinner 6,781 50.9
National J G C Wales 6,550 49.1
Majority 231 1.8
Turnout 14,095 94.3

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 222, 240.
  3. ^ "New Candidate". The Press. 28 October 2011. p. A3. 
  4. ^ Official Count Results -- Tāmaki, 2014
  5. ^ Official Count Results -- Tāmaki, 2011
  6. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  7. ^ Official Count Results -- Tāmaki, 2008
  8. ^ Official Count Results -- Tāmaki, 2005
  9. ^ "Voting Statistics for the Electoral Referendum Held on 19 September 1992, The Tamaki By-Election Held on 15 February 1992". Electoral Commission (New Zealand). 
  10. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. 
  11. ^ Gustafson, Barry (2000), His way: a biography of Robert Muldoon, Auckland University Press, pp. 464–465, retrieved 8 March 2014 
  12. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, pp. 354.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, pp. 353.
  14. ^ "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  15. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 

External links[edit]