Tāpatraya

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Tāpatraya refers to the three sources of Tāpa (literally, heat, or suffering) recognised in Hindu philosophy:

  1. Ādhyātmika — the suffering caused by 'internal' factors like diseases
  2. Ādhibhoutika — the suffering caused by physical forces such as earthquakes etc.
  3. Ādhidaivika — the suffering caused by Karmic factors