Tōdō Takatora

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Tōdō Takatora
Toudou Takatora.jpg
Tōdō Takatora
First Lord of Imabari
In office
1600–1608
Preceded bynone
Succeeded byMatsudaira Sadafusa
First Daimyō of Tsu
In office
1608–1630
Preceded bynone
Succeeded byTōdō Takatsugu
Personal details
BornFebruary 16, 1556
Tōdō Village, Ōmi Province, Japan
DiedNovember 9, 1630(1630-11-09) (aged 74)
Edo, Japan
NationalityJapanese

Tōdō Takatora (藤堂 高虎, February 16, 1556 – November 9, 1630) was a Japanese daimyō from the Azuchi–Momoyama to Edo periods.

History[edit]

He rose from relatively humble origins as an ashigaru (a foot soldier) to become a daimyō. During his lifetime he changed his feudal master seven times and worked for ten people, but in the end he rendered loyalty to Tokugawa Ieyasu, who became his last master.[1][2]

Statue of Tōdō Takatora at Imabari Castle.

Tōdō Takatora was promoted rapidly under Hashiba Hidenaga, the younger brother of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and he participated in the invasions of Korea as a commander of Toyotomi's fleet. His fiefdom at that time was Iyo-Uwajima. During the Edo period, the wealth of each fiefdom was measured as a volume of rice production in koku. Iyo-Uwajima was assessed at 70,000 koku.[1][2]

At the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, although he was one of Toyotomi's main generals, he sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu. After the war he was given a larger fiefdom, Iyo-Imabari, assessed at 200,000 koku. Later in life he was made lord of Tsu (with landholdings in Iga and Ise), a domain of 320,000 koku.

After the death of Akai Naomasa, some members of the Akai clan became retainers to the Tōdō house.[3]

Tōdō Takatora is also famous for excellence in castle design. He is said to have been involved in building as many as twenty castles,[1][2] including Edo Castle, Wakayama Castle, Uwajima Castle, Imabari Castle, Iga Ueno Castle and Sasayama Castle.[4]

Popular culture[edit]

Media[edit]

Video games[edit]

  • Takatora is a playable character in the Samurai Warriors franchise debuting in Sengoku Musou Chronicle 2nd. In Samurai Warriors 4, he is portrayed as an Azai retainer and a close friend of Yoshitsugu Ōtani before joining the Toyotomi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "戦国 出世の方程式 ~藤堂高虎 大坂夏の陣の大勝負~、日本放送協会 (The formula for promotion in the Sengoku ages, Todo Takatora's Challenge in the Osaka Castle Summer War, by NHK" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2007-03-27.
  2. ^ a b c "津市 文化課 藤堂高虎 (The city of Tsu official homepage)" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2006-10-06. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
  3. ^ "SamuraiWiki". Samurai Archives. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
  4. ^ https://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/japan-samurai-castles/index.html

External links[edit]

Preceded by
none
First Daimyō of Imabari
1600–1608
Succeeded by
Matsudaira Sadafusa
Preceded by
Tomita Nobutaka
First Daimyō of Tsu
1608–1630
Succeeded by
Tōdō Takatsugu

External links[edit]