Tōdō Takatora

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Tōdō Takatora
Todo Takatora (Kanshoin Tsu) (replica).jpg
Tōdō Takatora
First Lord of Imabari
In office
1600–1608
Preceded bynone
Succeeded byMatsudaira Sadafusa
First Daimyō of Tsu
In office
1608–1630
Preceded bynone
Succeeded byTōdō Takatsugu
Personal details
BornFebruary 16, 1556
Tōdō Village, Ōmi Province, Japan
DiedNovember 9, 1630(1630-11-09) (aged 74)
Edo, Japan
Military service
AllegianceJapanese Crest mitumori Kikkou ni Hanabishi.svg Azai clan
Goshichi no kiri inverted.svg Toyotomi clan
Mitsubaaoi.svg Eastern Army
Tokugawa family crest.svg Tokugawa shogunate
UnitJapanese crest Tuta.svg Tōdō clan
Battles/warsTajima Campaign
Battle of Shizugatake
Siege of Negoro-ji
Invasion of Shikoku
Kyushu Campaign
Invasion of Korea
Battle of Sekigahara
Siege of Osaka

Tōdō Takatora (藤堂 高虎, February 16, 1556 – November 9, 1630) was a Japanese daimyō of Tōdō clan from the Azuchi–Momoyama to Edo periods. He rose from relatively humble origins as an ashigaru (a light foot soldier) to become a daimyō.

Biography[edit]

Statue of Tōdō Takatora at Imabari Castle.

During his lifetime he changed his feudal master seven times and worked for ten people, but in the end he rendered loyalty to Tokugawa Ieyasu, who became his last master.[1][2]

Takatora started working for Azai Nagamasa at the age of 15.[3] In 1576, he served Hashiba Hidenaga, the younger brother of Hashiba Hideyoshi, a senior vassal of Nobunaga, and was granted a smallholding of land.

Tōdō Takatora was promoted rapidly under Hashiba Hidenaga. In 1581, Takatora defeat a local clan in Tajima Province, his holding was increased and he was made commander of a unit of musketeers. He fought in the Chugoku region and fought at the Battle of Shizugatake in 1583.

In 1585, he served in the conquest of Kishū and defeated Yukawa Naoharu. He was given more land in Kii Province, and was appointed 'commissioner' for the construction of Saruokayama Castle and Wakayama Castle. These were Takatora’s first castles. In the same year, he made contribution in the Invasion of Shikoku, and was awarded further land by Hideyoshi, becoming a daimyo in his own right.

In 1591, after Hidenaga died, Takatora serve under Hideyoshi, he participated in the invasions of Korea as a "Fleet Commander" of Toyotomi's navy. His fiefdom at that time was Iyo-Uwajima. During the Edo period, the wealth of each fiefdom was measured as a volume of rice production in koku. Iyo-Uwajima was assessed at 70,000 koku.[1][2]

Tōdō Takatora is also famous for excellence in castle design. He is said to have been involved in building as many as twenty castles,[1][2] including Edo Castle, Wakayama Castle, Uwajima Castle, Imabari Castle, Iga Ueno Castle and Sasayama Castle.[4]

Battle of Sekigahara[edit]

In 1600, at the Battle of Sekigahara, although he was one of Toyotomi's main generals, he sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu. During the battle, 'Eastern' troops under Takatora command, nearly lost against Ōtani Yoshitsugu 'Western' army. However, when Kobayakawa Hideaki army charged down attacking Yoshitsugu's from the west, Yoshitsugu lost his ground and is said to have committed suicide, later the Eastern army won the battle.

The Ietada Nikki records; Shima Sakon fourth son, Shima Kiyomasa within Yoshitsugu's ranks, tried to kill Takatora in one blow, however he was struck down and killed by an 'Eastern' general named Takagi Heizaburō.

After the war he was given a larger fiefdom, Iyo-Imabari, assessed at 200,000 koku.[3] Later in life he was made lord of Tsu (with landholdings in Iga and Ise), a domain of 320,000 koku.

Todo Takatora banner and battle standard

Popular culture[edit]

Films[edit]

Comics[edit]

  • A fictionalized version of Todo (renamed "Todo Tokotora") appears in the 2009 comic miniseries Yi Soon Shin: Warrior and Defender, where he is shown in a lover's relationship with fellow general Gurijima Michiyuki. Gurijima's death during the Battle of Hansando becomes Todo's primary motivation to eliminate Yi.

Video games[edit]

  • Takatora is a playable character in the Samurai Warriors franchise debuting in Sengoku Musou Chronicle 2nd. In Samurai Warriors 4, he is portrayed as an Azai retainer and a close friend of Ōtani Yoshitsugu before joining the Toyotomi.

Further reading[edit]

  • Glenn, Chris (September 2022). The Samurai Castle Master: Warlord Todo Takatora. ISBN 9781399096584.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
none
First Daimyō of Imabari
1600–1608
Succeeded by
Preceded by First Daimyō of Tsu
1608–1630
Succeeded by