The cliffs' rocks were originally formed 12 to 13 million years ago during the Miocene Epoch due to various volcanic activities. Their shape has been formed through the years by erosion from sea waves.
One legend has it that a corrupt Buddhist priest from Heisen-ji (平泉寺), a local temple, so enraged the populace that they dragged him from the temple to the sea and, at Tōjinbō, threw the priest into the sea. His ghost is still said to haunt the area.
An alternate legend says that the name Tōjinbō comes from a dissolute Buddhist monk. According to the legend, a Buddhist monk named Tōjinbō, who was disliked by everyone, fell in love with a beautiful princess named Aya. Tōjinbō was tricked by another admirer of Princess Aya and was pushed off these cliffs. The legend says that ever after that time Tōjinbō's vengeful ghost would go on a rampage around the same time every year at this place, causing strong winds and rain. Some decades later, an itinerant priest took pity on Tōjinbō and held a memorial service for him. After that, the storms ceased.
Tōjinbō is also a well-known place in Japan to commit suicide. According to statistics, as many as 25 people commit suicide by jumping off the 70-foot-high cliffs annually, a number which has risen and fallen with Japan's national economic hardships and unemployment rates. In the 2000s, Yukio Shige, a retired police officer, frustrated at having had to fish so many bodies out of the sea and the inaction of local authorities, began patrolling the cliffs for potential jumpers. As of 2015 it was reported that he and the volunteers at the NPO he founded have saved over 500 lives.
- Fukui | Tojinbo. Japan National Tourist Organization. Accessed April 30, 2008.
- Fackler, Martin (Dec 18, 2009), "At Japanese Cliffs, a Campaign to Combat Suicide", New York Times, pp. A6
- Calderwood, Imogen ‘We help them get their lives back’: Japan’s own suicide-catcher saves 500 lives in 11 years after dedicating his life to saving people July 28, 2015 Daily Mail Retrieved February 14, 2016
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