Aerial view of center of Třebíč
|Etymology: from name Třebek|
|• Mayor||Pavel Janata|
|• Total||57.6 km2 (22.2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||405 m (1,329 ft)|
|• Density||620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Official name||Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius' Basilica in Trebíc|
|Inscription||2003 (27th Session)|
Třebíč (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtr̝̊ɛbiːtʃ] (listen); German: Trebitsch) is a town in the Moravian part of the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. Třebíč is a regional centre with a population of approximately 36,000. It is the administrative capital of the Třebíč District.
The beginnings of the town's history are connected with the establishment of a Benedictine monastery, where the castle is located today.
History and sights
The historical treasury of Třebíč includes the old Jewish Quarter and the large Romanesque St Procopius' Basilica, which incorporates some later Gothic features, including a rare example of a ten-part (also known as 'botanical') rose window. Such designs reflect the five or ten parts of the roseaceae family flowers and fruit, based on their five sepals and petals or the usual ten segments of their fruit. Botanical rose windows contrast with more complex Gothic windows that contain more segments (usually multiples of traditional gothic units of design – three trefoil, or four quatrefoil). Another thesis says that these decorations are based on an ancient design, inspired by forerunners in the wheel of life, associated with eastern religions nowadays, or may allude to the Virgin Mary.
The famous Basilica originated in the early 12th century as a Benedictine monastery. It was endowed so well, that it led to the establishment of a local commercial centre; the town of Třebíč. The monastery was rebuilt during the reign of King Wenceslas I (1230–53), and again at the end of the fifteenth century. During the first half of the 16th century some of Třebíč's historic monastic buildings were remodeled into a castle, and were later renovated in Baroque style.
In the early eighteenth century changes were introduced on the basilica by the Czech architect Frantisek Maxmilian Kanka; windows were enlarged, buttresses were added, a south-west tower was rebuilt, and a new west front with two towers was constructed in a gothic baroque style.
The historical town of Třebíč, which extends on both sides of the river Jihlava, was declared a Conservation Area in 1990. The Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius Basilica together with the castle and gardens, are all included within the Trebic Conservation Area.
Třebíč has a temperate climate with occasional rains. Average annual temperature is 7.5 °C, average temperature in July is 18.5 °C and −3.4 °C in January.
Portal of St Procopius' Basilica
Abbacy of St Procopius' Basilica in Třebíč
Statue of Saints Cyril and Methodius
History in dates
- 1101 Establishment of Benedictine Monastery.
- 1277 The oldest deed mentioning the town of Třebíč.
- 1335 Conferring of town rights to Třebíč according to the royal town of Znojmo.
- 1338 First references of Jewish settlement.
- 1468 Třebíč was conquered and destroyed by Matthias Corvinus of Hungary.
- 19th century Expansion of tannery and shoemaking.
- 1871 Opening of Národní dům (National House), establishment of grammar school with Czech as teaching language (Gymnázium Třebíč).
- 1886 First train runs through Třebíč.
- 1930 Development of shoe making production and construction of workers' colonies – present Borovina
- 1970s – 80s The town is stigmated by the construction of new housing estates, population increases.
- 1990s Fast renovation of the town.
- 2003 Registration of Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius' Basilika into UNESCO List of Cultural and Natural Heritage
|Progress of population|
- Borovina (526 houses, 5 864 inhabitant)
- Budíkovice (61 houses, 199 inhabitant)
- Horka Domky (1 158 houses, 7 788 inhabitant)
- Jejkov (91 houses, 270 inhabitant)
- Nové Dvory (987 houses, 16 657 inhabitant)
- Nové Město(161 houses, 1056 inhabitant)
- Pocoucov (59 houses, 183 inhabitant)
- Podklášteří (1 009 houses, 3 899 inhabitant)
- Ptáčov (66 houses, 212 inhabitant)
- Račerovice (49 houses, 155 inhabitant)
- Řípov (22 houses, 68 inhabitant)
- Slavice (80 houses, 246 inhabitant)
- Sokolí (44 houses, 88 inhabitant)
- Stařečka (202 houses, 539 inhabitant)
- Týn (203 houses, 1 171 inhabitant)
- Vnitřní Město (53 houses, 210 inhabitant)
- Zámostí (124 houses, 416 inhabitant)
Important trade routes, that had been leading near Třebíč already in ancient times were called: Habry Route, Lovětín Route and Libice Route.
Nowadays, Třebíč is an important traffic junction of the region. The main roads crrossing Třebíč are I/23 (Brno – České Budějovice) and II/360, which connects Třebíč with the highway D1. Road II/405, passing near the town, connects Třebíč with the capital city of Vysočina Region – Jihlava.
There is the small sport airport in the outskirts.
A trolley line was proposed in the past but has never been built.
- Theatre Třebíč (Divadelní Třebíč) – festival of Amateur theatre
- Šamajim – festival of Jewish culture
- Třebíč potato festival (Bramborobraní) – folklore festival – music and dance
- Jubilee Unesco (Oslavy Unesco) – jubilee celebration of town entrance to the UNESCO list
- Theatre 2-3-4 actors (Divadla 2-3-4 herců) – festival of professional theatre
- Zámostí – cultural and music festival
- Concentus Moraviae – concerts of classical music
- Born in Třebíč
- Patrik Eliáš, ice hockey player
- Martin Erat, ice hockey player
- Pavel Padrnos, professional road racing cyclist
- Vladimír Sobotka, ice hockey player
- Jan Zahradníček, Czech poet, born in Mastník, near Třebíč
- Jan Syrový, Czechoslovak general and politician, prime minister (1938)
- Jaroslav Zvěřina, Czech politician
- Jindřich Svoboda (aviator) (1917–1942), a Czech bomber captain in the RAF
- Theodor Gebre Selassie, first black player to represent the Czech Republic at any level internationally
- Jitka Válková, Czech Republic, Top 15 at Miss Universe 2010
- Other residents
- Leopold Löw, Moravia-born rabbi, received his preliminary education at the yeshibot of Trebitsch
- William Hosking, writer, lecturer
- Secondary schools
- Gymnázium Třebíč (Gymnasium Třebíč)
- Střední průmyslová škola Třebíč (Second industrial school Třebíč)
- Katolické gymnázium Třebíč (Catholic gymnasium Třebíč)
- Obchodní akademie Dr. Albína Bráfa
- Vyšší odborná škola a Střední škola veterinární, zemědělská a zdravotnická Třebíč
- Hotelová škola Třebíč
- Střední škola stavební Třebíč
- Střední škola řemesel Třebíč
- Soukromá střední odborná škola a Střední odborné učiliště
- "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
- Soubor školních map 1:100 000 – OKRES TŘEBÍČ, Kolektiv autorů, Geodetický a kartografický ústav v Praze, n. p. for ONV Třebíč, 1987, First edition, 20/34 pages, language: czech
- Třebíč – Dějiny města II, Jan Janák, illustrations Božena and Josef Kremláček, Blok Brno for ZMM in Třebíč, 1981, First edition, 224 pages, language: czech
- "Czech Statistical Bureau Document - Demographics". ČZÚ.
- Zamosti.cz Zamosti.cz
- ZMVS.cz Archived 28 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine (in Czech) (in German) (in English)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Třebíč.|
- Municipal website in English[permanent dead link]
- Trebic.cz/unesco – UNESCO in Třebíč town (cz, de, en, fr)
- Zamek-trebic.cz – Vysočina Museum in Třebíč (cz)
- Photos of Třebíč and Background Information (en)
- Basilica of St. Procopius in Třebíč (en)
- Jewish Ghetto in Třebíč (en)
- Třebíč, Czech Republic at JewishGen