Třebíč

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For the neighbourhood of Sofia, see Trebich.
Třebíč
Town
Letecký pohled na centrum Třebíče od severozápadu.jpg
Aerial view of center of Třebíč
Flag
Coat of arms
Name origin: from name Třebek
Nickname: Třeb
Country Czech Republic
Region Vysočina
District Třebíč
Commune Třebíč
River Jihlava
Elevation 405 m (1,329 ft)
Coordinates 49°13′N 15°52′E / 49.217°N 15.867°E / 49.217; 15.867Coordinates: 49°13′N 15°52′E / 49.217°N 15.867°E / 49.217; 15.867
Area 57.6 km2 (22.2 sq mi)
Population 36,641 (2016)
Density 636/km2 (1,647/sq mi)
First mentioned 1277
Mayor Pavel Janata
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 674 01
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Name Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius' Basilica in Trebíc
Year 2003 (#27)
Number 1078
Region Europe and North America
Criteria ii, iii
Location in Czechia
Location in Czechia
Wikimedia Commons: Třebíč
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.trebic.cz

Třebíč (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtr̝̊ɛbiːtʃ]; German: Trebitz) is a town in the Moravian part of the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic.

Třebíč is situated 35 km southeast of Jihlava and 65 km west of Brno on the Jihlava River. Třebíč's elevation is from 392 to 503 metres above sea-level.

Třebíč has a temperate climate with occasional rains. Average annual temperature is 7.5 °C, average temperature in July is 18.5 °C and −3.4 °C in January.

Třebíč is a regional centre with a population of approximately 40,000. In the age of expansion, Třebíč was the third most important town in Moravia. The population growth started after World War II. Třebíč is the administrative capital of the Třebíč District.

There are many well-known tourist sights. The Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius Basilica are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Nearly 37 thousand people lived in Třebíč in 2016. Beginning of the town's history is connected with an establishment of Benedictine monastery, where the castle is located today.

History and sights[edit]

The entrance of the Jewish quarter

The historical treasury of Třebíč includes the old Jewish Quarter and the large Romanesque St Procopius' Basilica, which incorporates some later Gothic features, including a rare example of a ten-part (also known as 'botanical') rose window. Such designs reflect the five or ten parts of the roseaceae family flowers and fruit, based on their five sepals and petals or the usual ten segments of their fruit. Botanical rose windows contrast with more complex Gothic windows that contain more segments (usually multiples of traditional gothic units of design – three trefoil, or four quatrefoil). Another thesis says that these decorations are based on an ancient design, inspired by forerunners in the wheel of life, associated with eastern religions nowadays, or may allude to the Virgin Mary.

The famous Basilica originated in the early 12th century as a Benedictine monastery. It was endowed so well, that it led to the establishment of a local commercial centre; the town of Trebic. The monastery was rebuilt during the reign of King Wenceslas I (1230–53), and again at the end of the fifteenth century. During the first half of the 16th century some of Trebic's historic monastic buildings were remodeled into a castle, and were later renovated in Baroque style.

In the early eighteenth century changes were introduced on the basilica by Czech architect, Frantisek Maxmilian Kanka; windows were enlarged, buttresses were added, a south-west tower was rebuilt, and a new west front with two towers was constructed in a gothic baroque style.

The historical town of Trebic, which extends on both sides of the river Jihlava, was declared a Conservation Area in 1990. The Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius Basilica together with the castle and gardens, are all included within the Trebic Conservation Area.

Gallery[edit]

History in dates[edit]

  • 1101 Establishment of Benedictine Monastery.
    Komenského Square and a municipal tower, west side of Karlovo Square is visible in the left corner, cultural complex Forum is in the middle.
  • 1277 The oldest deed mentioning the town of Třebíč.
  • 1335 Conferring of town rights to Třebíč according to the royal town of Znojmo.
  • 1338 First references of Jewish settlement.
  • 1468 Třebíč was conquered and destroyed by Matthias Corvinus of Hungary.
  • 19th century Expansion of tannery and shoemaking.
  • 1871 Opening of Národní dům (National House), establishment of grammar school with Czech as teaching language (Gymnázium Třebíč).
  • 1886 First train runs through Třebíč.
  • 1930 Development of shoe making production and construction of workers' colonies – present Borovina
  • 1970s – 80s The town is stigmated by the construction of new housing estates, population increases.
  • 1990s Fast renovation of the town.
  • 2003 Registration of Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius' Basilika into UNESCO List of Cultural and Natural Heritage

Demography[edit]

Progress of population[1][2][3]
Year Population
1763 3 149
1772 3 439
1791 4 743
1799 5 010
1830 6 005
1835 6 731
1843 6 803
1849 7 800
1850 8 002
1869 10 328
1880 11 999
1890 13 726
1900 15 309
1910 16 347
1921 17 191
1930 17 555
1950 20 257
1960 20 387
1970 22 555
1980 29 017
1985 36 008
1991 38 355
2001 39 021
2005 38 715
2008 38 717
2014 37 095
2015 36 641
2016 36 641

Town districts[edit]

Transit[edit]

The expressway (I/23) in Třebíč

Important trade routes, that had been leading near Třebíč already in ancient times were called: Habry Route, Lovětín Route and Libice Route.

Nowadays, Třebíč is an important traffic junction of the region. The main roads crrossing Třebíč are I/23 (Brno – České Budějovice) and II/360, which connects Třebíč with the highway D1. Road II/405, passing near the town, connects Třebíč with the capital city of Vysočina RegionJihlava.

The railway has the east-west direction in Třebíč. This railway No. 240 connects Třebíč with cities of Brno and Jihlava. There are two train stations serving the town: Třebíč and Třebíč-Borovina.

There is the small sport airport in the outskirts.

The trolley was projected in the history in Třebíč but has never been realized.

In Třebíč there are several segregated cycle facilities, including a bike route leading from Jihlava to Raabs an der Thaya, which was built in 2009.

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

  • Theatre Třebíč (Divadelní Třebíč) – festival of Amateur theatre
  • Šamajim – festival of Jewish culture
  • Třebíč potato festival (Bramborobraní) – folklore festival – music and dance
  • Jubilee Unesco (Oslavy Unesco) – jubilee celebration of town entrance to the UNESCO list
  • Theatre 2-3-4 actors (Divadla 2-3-4 herců) – festival of professional theatre
  • Zámostí – cultural and music festival[4]
  • Concentus Moraviae – concerts of classical music

People[edit]

born here
other residents

Schools[edit]

Partnership towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Soubor školních map 1:100 000 – OKRES TŘEBÍČ, Kolektiv autorů, Geodetický a kartografický ústav v Praze, n. p. for ONV Třebíč, 1987, First edition, 20/34 pages, language: czech
  2. ^ Třebíč – Dějiny města II, Jan Janák, illustrations Božena and Josef Kremláček, Blok Brno for ZMM in Třebíč, 1981, First edition, 224 pages, language: czech
  3. ^ "Czech Statistical Bureau Document - Demographics" (PDF). ČZÚ. 
  4. ^ Zamosti.cz Zamosti.cz
  5. ^ ZMVS.cz (Czech) (German) (English)
  6. ^ GTR.cz
  7. ^ Spst.cz
  8. ^ KGtrebic.cz
  9. ^ Oatrebic.cz
  10. ^ Szstrebic.cz
  11. ^ Sosos.cz
  12. ^ Spsstavebni.trebic.net
  13. ^ Sour-tr.euweb.cz

External links[edit]