Třeboň

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Třeboň
Town
Historical center of Třeboň
Historical center of Třeboň
Flag of Třeboň
Flag
Coat of arms of Třeboň
Coat of arms
Třeboň is located in Czech Republic
Třeboň
Třeboň
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°0′13″N 14°46′14″E / 49.00361°N 14.77056°E / 49.00361; 14.77056Coordinates: 49°0′13″N 14°46′14″E / 49.00361°N 14.77056°E / 49.00361; 14.77056
Country Czech Republic
RegionSouth Bohemian
DistrictJindřichův Hradec
First mentioned1280
Government
 • MayorJan Váňa (ODS)
Area
 • Total98.33 km2 (37.97 sq mi)
Elevation
434 m (1,424 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total8,217
 • Density84/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
379 01
Websitewww.mesto-trebon.cz

Třeboň (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtr̝̊ɛboɲ]; German: Wittingau) is a town in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. Its population is around 8,200. The centre of the town is historically significant and is protected by law as Urban monument zone.

History[edit]

Remains of old town fortifications

Třeboň was established around the middle of the 12th century. In 1366, the House of Rožmberk/Rosenberg became owner of the estate. The period of greatest growth for the town dates to the second half of the 15th century when Petr IV of Rožmberk [cs] (1462–1523) seriously began to take care of the land. The district became famous as a fish pond farming area. From 1611 the Houses of Habsburg and Schwarzenberg were owners of the town and the estate.

Until 1918, Třeboň – Wittingau (Wittingau until the end of the 19th century) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the district with the same name, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[2]

During the Czechoslovak republic the mudguard [sic] spa arose there but the district of Třeboň was abolished in the year 1960.

The express railway connection between Prague and Vienna passed through the town of Třeboň. President Masaryk officially visited the town twice by train, in 1919 and 1925.[3]

Masaryk Square
Fortification near the Svět pond
Christmas tree in Třeboň

Economy[edit]

Třeboň is a tourist destination, and this is the area's major economic activity, along with agriculture, the spa industry and other services.

The State Regional Archive for South Bohemia is based here, where genealogical studies about people born in the South Bohemian Region may be conducted. Digital images of parish registers and other genealogical records from the archive have been placed on the internet.[4] The archive was held at the 15th-century Třeboň castle for many years,[5] although a substantial portion was moved to the municipal offices in 2014.

Culture[edit]

The International Festival of Animated Films, Anifest, was held in Třeboň each May between 2002 and 2010; after that, Anifilm took its place.[6]

In popular culture[edit]

The TV series The Territory of White Deer was filmed in Třeboň.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Třeboň is twinned with:[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  3. ^ Preclík, Vratislav: Prezident Masaryk v novém samostatném státě právě před sto lety (Vánoce 1919), in Čas: časopis Masarykova demokratického hnutí (Journal of the Masaryk Democratic Movement), říjen–prosinec 2019, roč. XXVII., no. 128. ISSN 1210-1648, p. 7–13
  4. ^ Hankovec, Martin. "DigiArchiv of SRA Trebon - ver. 18.04.23". digi.ceskearchivy.cz.
  5. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Wittingau" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 765.
  6. ^ "Festival AniFest a nový Anifilm se perou. Proč vlastně?". iDNES.cz. 22 April 2010.
  7. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Třeboň. Retrieved 2020-08-20.

External links[edit]

Media related to Třeboň at Wikimedia Commons