T. Allston Brown
|T. Allston Brown|
T. Allston Brown in his History of the American Stage (1872)
|Born||Thomas Allston Brown
January 16, 1836
Newburyport, Massachusetts U.S.A.
|Died||April 2, 1918
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
|Other names||Allston Brown|
|Occupation||Theater critic, newspaper editor, talent agent and theater historian|
Thomas Allston Brown (January 16, 1836 – April 2, 1918) was an American theater critic, newspaper editor, talent agent and manager, and theater historian, best known for his books, History of the American Stage (Dick & Fitzgerald: New York, 1870) and A History of the New York Stage from the First Performance in 1732 to 1901 (Dodd Mead: New York, 1902).
Life and career
Brown was born in Newburyport, Massachusetts the son of Thomas James and Lucretia Hamsly (Milton) Brown. He began his career as the Philadelphia correspondent and theater critic for the top entertainment journal of the time, the New York Clipper. He freelanced for other show-business publications and published his own paper, called The Tattler.
In 1860, Brown entered show business as the advance man for the Henry Cooper English Opera Company. He later worked for Gardner & Madigan's Circus as treasurer and manager of the box office. During one circus performance, the assistant to the ropewalker Blondine went missing. Blondine's opening stunt was to walk a tightrope from the stage to the balcony with a person on his back. T. Allston Brown filled in for the missing helper, and the Baltimore Press dubbed him "Colonel" for the deed. Brown adopted the honorary title and used it for the remainder of his career.
In 1863, Brown was named editor of the New York Clipper. He kept the post until 1872, when he retired from journalism. He next pursued a career as an agent and manager for entertainers. His clients included the famous female impersonator Ernest Byne, the Hanlon Brothers, and Mlle. Marie Aimee. Brown became co-owner of the Simmonds & Brown Dramatic Agency and continued to run the company after Simmonds died.
As early as 1858, Brown had begun compiling stories and biographies of theatrical performers in the United States. Much of his material came from players in the field, who supplied biographical sketches. He began to write a book on the subject, and in 1870 he published the exhaustive History of the American Stage. In 1906, he retired from show business to devote more time to history and writing. Brown died in Philadelphia in 1918. The New York Times wrote in Brown's obituary that A History of the New York Stage, published in 1903, "was said to be one of the most complete accounts of the development of the stage in America that has been written".
- Cullen, Frank, with Florence Hackman and Donald McNeilly (2007). Vaudeville Old & New: An Encyclopedia of Variety Performers in America, Vol. I. New York City: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-93853-8.
- Sentilles, Renée M. (2003). Performing Menken: Adah Isaacs Menken and the Birth of American Celebrity. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-82070-7.
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