T. E. D. Klein
Theodore "Eibon" Donald Klein (born July 15, 1947) is an American horror writer and editor.
Klein has published very few works, but they have all achieved positive notice for their meticulous construction and subtle use of horror: critic S. T. Joshi writes, "In close to 25 years of writing Klein has only two books and a handful of scattered tales to his credit, and yet his achievement towers gigantically over that of his more prolific contemporaries."
Klein was born and lives in New York City and attended Brown University, where he wrote his honors thesis on H. P. Lovecraft, edited The Brown Daily Herald, and graduated Phi Beta Kappa in 1969. In the 1970s, he studied film history at Columbia University, wrote short fiction and non-fiction, and worked as a movie script reader for Paramount Pictures.
In 1975, Klein, with a few others, conceived the idea of a World Fantasy Convention. The first such convention was held in Providence, Rhode Island, in honour of the life and work of H.P. Lovecraft. Klein's story "The Events at Poroth Farm" was a nominee for Best Short Fiction at the convention. (The story is reprinted in Gahan Wilson, ed. First World Fantasy Awards. Doubleday, 1977, pp. 97–135, and in the Library of America's American Fantastic Tales: Terror and the Uncanny from Poe to Now, edited by Peter Straub.)
He was the editor of Twilight Zone magazine from its inception in 1981 until 1985, and served as editor of the short-lived true crime magazine CrimeBeat from 1991 to 1993. He has also taught English at New York's John Jay College and been a longtime supporter of animal rights.
He added "Eibon" to his name – a reference to Clark Ashton Smith's Hyperborean wizard – so that when he used his initials in his byline, a la H. P. Lovecraft or M. R. James, they would spell out his nickname "Ted".
Klein has blamed his limited output of fiction on writer's block. He revealed in the book Faces of Fear (1985) that he had struggled with The Ceremonies for more than five years before finally finishing it, adding: "I'm one of those people who will do anything to avoid writing. Anything!" 
He first attracted notice with the short story "The Events at Poroth Farm" (1972), in which a college lecturer, isolated in the countryside and reading horror literature for teaching in the next semester, gradually realises that genuine supernatural horror is taking place around him. The story is notable for the insidious way in which the narrator's responses to the works he is reading (including those of Charles Robert Maturin, Ann Radcliffe, "Monk" Lewis, Sheridan Le Fanu, Bram Stoker, Aleister Crowley, and Shirley Jackson) are conflated with his impressions of the supernatural threat.
In 1984 Klein published the novel The Ceremonies, which uses the same basic plot as the novella to more expansive ends; the threat this time is not to one man or one community, but to the entire world. The Ceremonies takes up and elaborates upon some of the mysteries of Arthur Machen's story "The White People" and is called "a modern classic" in an essay by Thomas F. Monteleone in the book Horror: 100 Best Books. The Ceremonies is described by Stephen King as "Wonderful, exciting and suspenseful, full of tension and a sense of deep brooding mystery", "the most exciting novel in the field to come along since Straub's Ghost Story". A revised edition was published by PS Publishing in 2017.
A second novel, Nighttown, was announced by Klein soon afterwards and described by him as "a paranoid horror novel set entirely in New York City", but it has not appeared in all the years since.
- "Children of the Kingdom" is set in part during the New York City blackout of 1977 and deals with hollow earth lore and hostile creatures hiding in the shadows of New York. The novella was first published in the anthology Dark Forces. It was described by critic Victor LaValle in the New York Times Book Review as "the greatest New York City horror story of all time."
- "Petey" is about a madman's monstrous "pet" which brings a well-to-do, middle-class housewarming to an unpleasant conclusion. Originally published in Charles L. Grant's Shadows 2 anthology.
- "Black Man with a Horn" is a tale in the vein of Lovecraft which treats of an elderly horror writer (modeled on Frank Belknap Long) and his discoveries about the dreaded Tcho-Tcho people. First published in Ramsey Campbell's New Tales of the Chtulhu Mythos, the novella was revised in the 2014 anthology "A Mountain Walked", edited by S. T. Joshi.
- "Nadelman's God" is about a man who finds that an overwrought poem he wrote as an adolescent has been used as an incantation to bring a monstrous deity to life. (First published in Klein's collection.)
His previously unpublished short story "Growing Things" was collected in the 1999 anthology 999.
He has penned two critical essays on weird fiction: Dr Van Helsing's Handy Guide to Ghost Stories (1981), a series of articles for Twilight Zone magazine; and Raising Goosebumps for Fun and Profit (1988), originally written for Writer's Digest. As a critic, Klein was influential in encouraging the early career of Ramsey Campbell via an extensive review of his work up to the time of Demons by Daylight which was published in Nyctalops magazine.
In 2019, the Hippocampus Press published a collection of Klein's various essays, articles, and op-ed pieces entitled Providence After Dark and Other Writings (edited by S. T. Joshi).
Awards and recognition
- The Ceremonies (1984)
- Dark Gods (1985)
- Reassuring Tales (2006)
- Raising Goosebumps for Fun and Profit: A Brief Guide, for Beginners, to the How's and Why's of Horror (1988)
- Providence After Dark and Other Writings (2019)
- S.T. Joshi, The Modern Weird Tale, 2001, (p. 114)
- Douglas E. Winter, "T. E. D. Klein" in: D. E. Winter, Faces of Fear. New York: Berkley, 1985. (pp.122–135). ISBN 0-425-07670-9
- Library of America. "American Fantastic Tales: Terror and the Uncanny from Poe to Now (boxed set)". Retrieved March 18, 2018.
- The New Lovecraft Collector 9 (Winter 1995), 3
- Steven J. Mariconda, "The Hints and Portents of T. E. D. Klein", in Studies in Weird Fiction No. 1: 19–28. Summer 1986.
- Robert M. Price, "T. E. D. Klein", in Darrell Schweitzer, ed. Discovering Modern Horror Fiction I. Mercer Island: Starmont, 1985. (pp. 68–85).
- "The Ceremonies [Trade Paperback] by T.E.D. Klein". Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Victor LaValle (June 1, 2017). "What are your favorite summertime horror novels?". The New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
- "Title: Black Man with a Horn". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- World Fantasy Convention. "Award Winners and Nominees". Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- World Horror Convention. "Announcements". Retrieved March 18, 2018.
- Robert Lee Bolton III, ""Collected Writings From a Master of the Horror Genre". Retrieved April 15, 2020.", April 7, 2020