T1 (Istanbul Tram)

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T1 Kabataş–Bağcılar
Istanbul T1 Line Symbol.png
T1 714 Çemberlitaş, Fatih, 2007.JPG
Overview
TypeTram
SystemIstanbul Tram
LocaleIstanbul, Turkey
Stations31
Daily ridership320,000
WebsiteT1
Operation
Opened13 June 1992 (1992-06-13)
Operator(s)Metro Istanbul
Rolling stock
Technical
Line length18.5 km (11.5 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
ElectrificationOverhead line
Route diagram
Kabataş
Fındıklı
Tophane
Karaköy
Golden Horn
Eminönü
Sirkeci
Gülhane
Sultanahmet
Çemberlitaş
Beyazıt
Laleli-Üniversite
Aksaray
Yusufpaşa
Haseki
Fındıkzade
Çapa-Şehremini
Pazartekke
Topkapı
Cevizlibağ - AÖY
Merkezefendi
Akşemsettin
Mithatpaşa
Zeytinburnu
Mehmet Akif
Merter Tekstil Merkezi
Güngören
Akıncılar
Soğanlı
Yavuz Selim
Güneştepe
Bağcılar

The T1, officially referred to as the T1 Kabataş–Bağcılar tram line (Turkish: T1 Kabataş–Bağcılar tramvay hattı) is a tram line of the Istanbul Tram, operated by Metro Istanbul. It runs from Kabataş to Bağcılar via Eminönü, with a total length of 18.5 km (11.5 mi).[1]

History[edit]

The first section of the T1 opened between Aksaray and Beyazıt on 13 June 1992 and was later extended first to Topkapı and Zeytinburnu, and later to Eminönü. On 29 June 2006, the Eminönü–Kabataş extension was opened, making the transfer to Kabataş–Taksim funicular possible. On 3 February 2011, the T1 merged with the T2 which opened in 2006 between Zeytinburnu and Bağcılar, with the T2's stations being converted to low-floor.

Rolling stock[edit]

At the time of opening in 1992 the T1 used high-floor trams manufactured by ABB. These have subsequently been replaced by two types of low-floor tram, which are currently in use on the line. Both types are air conditioned and usually run in coupled pairs.

Bombardier Flexity Swift A32[edit]

Bombardier Flexity Swift A32

In 2001 the Istanbul Transport Authority placed an order for 55 Flexity Swift A32 trams from Bombardier Transportation. They entered service in 2003, once the platforms on the line had been lowered to accommodate low-floor trams. They have a top speed of 70km/h, a total of 64 seats + 10 tip-up seats, and a maximum capacity of 272 passengers.[2]

Alstom Citadis X04[edit]

Alstom Citadis X04

In 2007, 37 Citadis X04 trams were ordered from Alstom to replace the high-floor trams running on the T2 Zeytinburnu-Bağcılar line, in anticipation of the merger of the T1 and T2 lines and the conversion of the former T2 line platforms to low-floor height. The first tram was delivered in September 2009, and following testing the trams entered service in 2011. They also have a top speed of 70km/h, and a maximum capacity of up to 500 passengers as a coupled pair.[3]

Stations[edit]

Station Opened Transfer District Notes
Kabataş 2006 F1 Beyoğlu
Fındıklı 2005 Beyoğlu
Tophane 2005 Beyoğlu
Karaköy 2005 Tünel Beyoğlu
Eminönü 1996 Fatih
Sirkeci 1992 Marmaray Fatih
Gülhane 1992 Fatih
Sultanahmet 1992 Fatih
Çemberlitaş 1992 Fatih
Beyazıt 1992 Fatih
Laleli 1992 M2 Fatih
Aksaray 1992 M1A Fatih
Yusufpaşa 1992 M1A Fatih
Haseki 1992 Fatih
Fındıkzade 1992 Fatih
Çapa-Şehremini 1992 Fatih
Pazartekke 1992 Fatih
Topkapı 1992 T4
Metrobus
Zeytinburnu
Cevizlibağ-A.Ö.Y. 1994 Metrobus Zeytinburnu
Merkez Efendi 1994 Zeytinburnu
Akşemsettin 1994 Zeytinburnu
Mithatpaşa 1994 Zeytinburnu
Zeytinburnu 1994 M1A
Metrobus
Bakırköy
Mehmet Akif 2006 Opened as T2 line
Merter Tekstil Sitesi 2006 Opened as T2 line
Güngören 2006 Opened as T2 line
Akıncılar 2006 Opened as T2 line
Soğanlı 2006 Opened as T2 line
Yavuz Selim 2006 Opened as T2 line
Güneştepe 2006 Opened as T2 line
Bağcılar 2006 M1B Opened as T2 line

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "T1 Kabataş-Bağcılar Tramvay Hattı". Metro Istanbul. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  2. ^ https://rail.bombardier.com/content/dam/transportation/supporting-documents/Bombardier-Transportation-project-list.pdf
  3. ^ "Istanbul commissions its Citadis trams and starts dynamic tests on the new Alstom Metropolis metro trainsets". Alstom. Retrieved 8 December 2018.