T1 (Istanbul Tram)

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T1 Kabataş–Bağcılar
Istanbul T1 Line Symbol.svg
Istanbul T1 line Alstom Citadis tram.jpg
Overview
LocaleIstanbul, Turkey
Stations31
WebsiteT1
Service
TypeTram
SystemIstanbul Tram
Operator(s)Metro Istanbul
Rolling stock
Daily ridership320,000
History
Opened13 June 1992 (1992-06-13)
Technical
Line length18.5 km (11.5 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
ElectrificationOverhead line
Route diagram
Kabataş
Fındıklı
Tophane
Karaköy
Golden Horn
Eminönü
Sirkeci
Gülhane
Sultanahmet
Çemberlitaş
Beyazıt
Laleli-Üniversite
Aksaray
Yusufpaşa
Haseki
Fındıkzade
Çapa-Şehremini
Pazartekke
Topkapı
Cevizlibağ - AÖY
Merkezefendi
Akşemsettin
Mithatpaşa
Zeytinburnu
Mehmet Akif
Merter Tekstil Merkezi
Güngören
Akıncılar
Soğanlı
Yavuz Selim
Güneştepe
Bağcılar

The T1, officially referred to as the T1 Kabataş–Bağcılar tram line (Turkish: T1 Kabataş–Bağcılar tramvay hattı) is a tram line of the Istanbul Tram, operated by Metro Istanbul. It runs from Kabataş to Bağcılar via Eminönü, with a total length of 18.5 km (11.5 mi).[1]

History[edit]

The first section of the T1 opened between Aksaray and Beyazıt on 13 June 1992 and was later extended first to Topkapı and Zeytinburnu, and later to Eminönü. On 29 June 2006, the Eminönü–Kabataş extension was opened, making the transfer to Kabataş–Taksim funicular possible. On 3 February 2011, the T1 merged with the T2 which opened in 2006 between Zeytinburnu and Bağcılar, with the T2's stations being converted to low-floor.

Rolling stock[edit]

At the time of opening in 1992 the T1 used high-floor trams manufactured by ABB. These have subsequently been replaced by two types of low-floor tram, which are currently in use on the line. Both types are air conditioned and usually run in coupled pairs.

Bombardier Flexity Swift A32[edit]

In 2001 the Istanbul Transport Authority placed an order for 55 Bombardier Flexity Swift A32 trams. They entered service in 2003, once the platforms on the line had been lowered to accommodate low-floor trams. They have a top speed of 70 km/h, a total of 64 seats + 10 tip-up seats, and a maximum capacity of 272 passengers.[2]

Alstom Citadis X04[edit]

In 2007, 37 Alstom Citadis X04 trams were ordered to replace the high-floor trams running on the T2 Zeytinburnu-Bağcılar line, in anticipation of the merger of the T1 and T2 lines and the conversion of the former T2 line platforms to low-floor height. The first tram was delivered in September 2009, and following testing the trams entered service in 2011. They also have a top speed of 70 km/h, and a maximum capacity of up to 500 passengers as a coupled pair.[3]

Stations[edit]

No Station Type Transfer District Notes
1 Kabataş Level Istanbul public transport - F1 line symbol.pngIstanbul public transport - M7 line symbol.png(Kabataş Terminal)(Kabataş Pier) Beyoğlu Park and Ride facility
2 Fındıklı
3 Tophane
4 Karaköy TünelIstanbul F2 Line Symbol.png
5 Eminönü Istanbul T5 Line Symbol.svg (under construction) • Fatih
6 Sirkeci Istanbul Line Symbol Marmaray.pngIstanbul T6 Line Symbol.svg
7 Gülhane
8 Sultanahmet
9 Çemberlitaş
10 Beyazıt-Kapalıçarşı
11 Laleli-Üniversite Istanbul public transport - M2 line symbol.png 300m walk between lines
12 Aksaray Istanbul M1A Line Symbol.pngIstanbul T6 Line Symbol.svg 750m walk between lines
13 Yusufpaşa Istanbul M1A Line Symbol.pngIstanbul M1B Line Symbol.png 200m walk between lines
14 Haseki
15 Fındıkzade
16 Çapa-Şehremini
17 Pazartekke
18 Topkapı Under the bridge Istanbul public transport - T4 line symbol.pngIstanbul public transport - Metrobüs line symbol.png Zeytinburnu
19 Cevizlibağ-A.Ö.Y. Level Istanbul public transport - Metrobüs line symbol.png
20 Merkez Efendi
21 Akşemsettin
22 Mithatpaşa
23 Zeytinburnu Istanbul M1A Line Symbol.pngIstanbul public transport - Metrobüs line symbol.png Bakırköy Park and Ride facility
24 Mehmet Akif Güngören
25 Merter Tekstil Sitesi
26 Güngören
27 Akıncılar
28 Soğanlı
29 Yavuz Selim
30 Güneştepe Bağcılar
31 Bağcılar Istanbul M1B Line Symbol.png 300m walk between lines

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "T1 Kabataş-Bağcılar Tramvay Hattı". Metro Istanbul. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  2. ^ "Transportation project list" (PDF). Bombardier. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-06-28. Retrieved 2018-10-12.
  3. ^ "Istanbul commissions its Citadis trams and starts dynamic tests on the new Alstom Metropolis metro trainsets". Alstom. Retrieved 8 December 2018.