Tanganyika African National Union

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Tanganyika African National Union
Leader Julius Nyerere
Founded July 1954
Dissolved January 1977
Preceded by Tanganyika African Association
Succeeded by Chama cha Mapinduzi
Headquarters Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
Ideology African nationalism
African socialism
The National Archives UK - CO 1069-165-3.jpg

The Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) was the principal political party in the struggle for sovereignty in the East African state of Tanganyika (now Tanzania). The party was formed from the Tanganyika African Association by Julius Nyerere in July 1954 when he was teaching at St. Francis' College (which is now known as Pugu High School).[1] From 1964 the party was called Tanzania African National Union. In January 1977 the TANU merged with the ruling party in Zanzibar, the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) to form the current Revolutionary State Party or Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM). The policy of TANU was to build and maintain a socialist state aiming towards economic self-sufficiency and to eradicate corruption and exploitation, with the major means of production and exchange under the control of the peasants and workers (Ujamaa-Essays on Socialism; "The Arusha Declaration").

Julius Nyerere was the first President of Tanzania, serving from the 1960s to the 1985. In 1962, Nyerere and TANU created the Ministry of National Culture and Youth. Nyerere felt the creation of the ministry was necessary in order to deal with some of the challenges and contradictions of building a nation-state and a national culture after 70 years of colonialism.[2] The government of Tanzania sought to create an innovative public space where Tanzanian popular culture could develop and flourish. By incorporating the varied traditions and customs of all peoples of Tanzania, Nyerere hoped to promote a sense of pride, thus creating a national culture.[3]

Election results[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election date Party candidate Number of votes received Percentage of votes
1962 Julius Nyerere 1,127,987 99.2%
1965 Julius Nyerere 2,520,904 96.46%
1970 Julius Nyerere 3,220,636 96.7%
1975 Julius Nyerere 4,172,267 93.25%

Parliamentary elections[edit]

Election date Party leader Number of votes received Percentage of votes Number of deputies
1958–59 Julius Nyerere 47,685 74.4% 30/64
1960 Julius Nyerere 100,581 82.8% 70/71
1965 Julius Nyerere 2,263,830 100% 188/188
1970 Julius Nyerere 106/106
1975 Julius Nyerere 4,474,267 100% 223/223


  1. ^ Osabu-Kle, Daniel Tetteh (2000). Compatible cultural democracy: the key to development in Africa. University of Toronto Press. p. 167. ISBN 1-55111-289-2. 
  2. ^ Music and Performance in Funerals & Love Songs
  3. ^ Lemelle, Sidney J. “‘Ni wapi Tunakwenda’: Hip Hop Culture and the Children of Arusha.” In The Vinyl Ain’t Final: Hip Hop and the Globalization of Black Popular Culture, ed. by Dipannita Basu and Sidney J. Lemelle, 230-54. London; Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto Pres

External links[edit]