TCG Anadolu

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TCG Anadolu (L-400).jpg
TCG Anadolu (L-400) amphibious assault ship (LHD) during its construction at Sedef Shipyard in Istanbul.
History
Turkey
NameTCG Anadolu
NamesakeAnatolia
Ordered1 June 2015
BuilderSedef Shipbuilding, Inc.
Laid down7 February 2018[3]
Launched30 April 2019
CommissionedMay 2021 (expected)
IdentificationPennant number: L-400[1][2]
StatusUnder construction since 30 April 2016
General characteristics
Class and typeAnadolu-class amphibious assault ship
Displacement24,660 tons ("light aircraft carrier" configuration) / 27,079 tons ("LHD" configuration)
Length232 m (761 ft 2 in)[5]
Beam32 m (105 ft 0 in)[5]
Draught6.9 m (22 ft 8 in)[4]
Propulsion5 x 8,000 kW (11,000 hp) Man Diesel Generators, 2 x 11 MW (15,000 hp) Siemens SiPOD , 2 x 1,500 kW (2,000 hp) bow thruster[5]
Speed21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph)[5]
Range9,000 nautical miles (17,000 km; 10,000 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)[5]
Complement4 x LCM or 2 x LCAC[4]
Sensors and
processing systems
SMART-S Mk.2 S-band 3D radar, SPN-720 Naval Precision Approach Radar, GENESIS-ADVENT Combat Management System, IRST, IFF, TDL, VMF, SATCOM, LWR, DDS, Torpedo Defense System[4]
Armament
Aircraft carried
NotesThe ship can be configured as a light aircraft carrier or as an amphibious assault ship. It will have the ability to sustain and operate F-35B or the TAI Hürjet.[7]

TCG Anadolu (L-400)[1][2] is an amphibious assault ship (LHD) of the Turkish Navy that can be configured as a light aircraft carrier.[4][6][8][5] It is named after the peninsula of Anatolia (Turkish: Anadolu) which forms the majority of the land mass of Turkey. The construction works began on 30 April 2016 at the shipyard of Sedef Shipbuilding Inc. in Istanbul, with the keel being laid 7 February 2018,[3] and is expected to be completed in 2020.[4][6][8][needs update] The vessel is intended to meet the various needs and requirements of the Turkish Armed Forces, such as sustaining long-endurance, long-distance military combat or humanitarian relief operations; while acting as a command center and flagship for the Turkish Navy.[6] It is claimed to be the first aircraft carrier to launch Unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV)[9]

The Sedef–Navantia consortium won the tender for the LPD/LHD project of the Turkish Navy and Anadolu will use the same design as that of the Spanish ship Juan Carlos I. All of the ship's weapons system will be procured by Turkish firms Aselsan and Havelsan.[10][11][12][13][14][15] The ship will feature a Turkish combat management system, namely the GENESIS-ADVENT,[16][17][18] which will be integrated by Aselsan and Havelsan.[19] Aircraft landing is assisted in all weather condition by Leonardo SPN-720[20]Precision Approach Radar.

Navantia will provide design, technology transfer, equipment and technical assistance to Sedef Shipyard of Turkey for the design and development of Anadolu, which is classified as a Light Aircraft Carrier/LHD by Turkish Lloyd.[21][22]

History[edit]

Design and specifications[edit]

Juan Carlos I in Istanbul, Turkey, May 2011.

In December 2013, the Turkish LPD/LHD program was originally estimated to cost 375 million ($500 million).[23] According to the original plan, the Turkish Navy wanted a slightly shorter flight deck without the ski-jump ramp in front, to be optimized for use with only helicopters.[24]

However, the Turkish Navy later changed its plan and opted for a fully equipped flight deck with the ski-jump ramp in front, after deciding to purchase F-35B STOVL aircraft.[24][25][4][6][5] Turkey was a Level 3 partner in the Joint Strike Fighter program and the Turkish Air Force was intending to get the F-35A CTOL version until the USA blocked the export of the fighter jet to Turkey. Instead of the F-35 Turkey will operate the TAI Hürjet Light Attack Fighter and the Bayraktar TB3 UCAV. Turkey also announced to equip its The Turkish version of the LHD will be capable of operating up to 12 helicopters or 12 F-35Bs operated by NATO allies in "light aircraft carrier" configuration.[24][26] The dimensions of the final design are 231 meters (757 ft 10 in) in length, a 32-meter (105 ft 0 in) beam, a 6.8-meter (22 ft 4 in) draft, and 58 meters (190 ft 3 in) in height.[24] Its displacement will be 24,660 tons (in "light aircraft carrier" mission configuration) or 27,079 tons (in "LHD" mission configuration).[24] Its maximum speed will be 21.5 knots (39.8 km/h; 24.7 mph) (in "light aircraft carrier" configuration) or 29 knots (54 km/h; 33 mph) (in "LHD" configuration);[24] while its maximum range will be 9,000 nautical miles (17,000 km; 10,000 mi) at economical speed.[24] It will have a 5,440 m2 (58,600 sq ft) flight deck and a 990 m2 (10,700 sq ft) aviation hangar which can accommodate either 12 medium-sized helicopters or 8 CH-47F Chinook heavy-lift helicopters.[24] (When the aviation hangar and the light cargo garage are unified, the ship can carry up to 25 medium-sized helicopters.[24] Alternatively, the ship can carry up to 12 F-35B and 12 helicopters.[24] Six more helicopters can be hosted on the flight deck of the ship.[24]) Additionally, the ship will have a 1,880 m2 (20,200 sq ft) light cargo garage for TEU containers and 27 Amphibious Assault Vehicles (AAV);[24] a 1,165 m2 (12,540 sq ft) dock which can host four Landing Craft Mechanized (LCM) or two Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC), or two Landing Craft Vehicle Personnel (LCVP);[24] and a 1,410 m2 (15,200 sq ft) garage for heavy loads, which can host 29 Main Battle Tanks (MBT), Amphibious Assault Vehicles, and TEU containers.[24] The ship will be protected by the ARAS-2023 diver detection sonar (DDS), and will have a crew consisting of 261 personnel: 30 officers, 49 NCOs, 59 leading seamen, and 123 ratings.[27][24]

Additionally Turkey announced that the TCG Anadolu will be able to carry up to 50 Bayraktar TB 3 UCAVs and the capability of carrying the Light Attack Fighter Hürjet[28][29]

Construction[edit]

The final contract for the construction of the ship was signed with the Navantia-Sedef consortium on 7 May 2015.[24][25][30][31] The commissioning of the ship is scheduled for 2021,[24][25][30][31] and the estimated cost of the ship according to the final specifications is $1 billion in 2015.[24] The construction works began on 30 April 2016 at the shipyard of Sedef Shipbuilding Inc. in Istanbul.[4][6][8][5]

The ship caught fire whilst in dry dock on the evening of 29 April 2019.[32]

TCG Trakya[edit]

The construction of an identical sister ship, to be named TCG Trakya, is currently planned by the Turkish Navy.[33][34] Trakya means Thrace in Turkish.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "TCG Anadolu envantere girmeye hazırlanıyor". SavunmaSanayiST.com. 2019-11-21.
  2. ^ a b "Türkiye'nin ilk uçak gemisi TCG Anadolu'da test süreci başladı". Turksail.com. 2020-02-02.
  3. ^ a b "Keel Laying of Future Turkish Navy LHD TCG Anadolu". Navy Recognition. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Turkey Started the Construction of its future LHD TCG Anadolu". Navy Recognition. 2 May 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Technical specifications of TCG Anadolu (L-400)". Turkishnavy.net. 2 May 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "The Construction Of The Multipurpose Amphibious Assault Ship TCG Anadolu Has Started". Bosphorus Naval News. 2 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Turkey Plans to Deploy Indigenous Aircraft 'Hürjet' on LHD Anadolu". 20 April 2021.
  8. ^ a b c "First steel cut for Turkish LHD ship". Naval Today. 3 May 2016.
  9. ^ SABAH, DAILY (2021-03-25). "Turkey's TCG Anadolu to allow drones to land, takeoff in global 1st". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-05-11.
  10. ^ "Turkey's 'national flagship' set to sail in 2021". hurriyetdailynews. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  11. ^ Navantia: "Navantia and local partner selected by Turkey for construction of one LPD based on the Juan Carlos I", 27 December 2013.
  12. ^ Navy Recognition: "Turkey selects Navantia's Juan Carlos LHD design as winner of its LPD tender", 28 December 2013.
  13. ^ World Maritime News: "Navantia and SEDEF Join Forces to Construct LHD and LCMs for Turkish Navy", 7 January 2014.
  14. ^ World Maritime News: Concept design of the Turkish variant of Juan Carlos I (L-61) class BPE
  15. ^ "Turkey's Future LHD Could Be Modified as an "Aircraft Carrier" to Deploy F-35B Jets". 2 January 2015.
  16. ^ "Navantia and SEDEF Join Forces to Construct LHD and LCMs for Turkish Navy". World Maritime News. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  17. ^ "Model of the Turkish variant of Juan Carlos I (L-61) class LHD". Dartmouth Centre for Seapower and Strategy, Plymouth University. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  18. ^ "Turkey's Future LHD Could Be Modified as an "Aircraft Carrier" to Deploy F-35B Jets". Navy Recognition.com. 2 January 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  19. ^ "Turkish Navy Future LHD Model Showcased with F-35B STOVL Aircraft at IDEF 2015" (Press release).
  20. ^ "SPN 720". Leonardo Company. 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  21. ^ "Navantia and local partner selected by Turkey for construction of one LPD based on the Juan Carlos I" (Press release). Navantia. 27 December 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  22. ^ "Turkey selects Navantia's Juan Carlos LHD design as winner of its LPD tender". Navy Recognition.com. 28 December 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  23. ^ "Turkey Selects Local Shipyard for LPD Contract". defensenews.com. 29 December 2013. Archived from the original on January 1, 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Turkey signs contract with Navantia-Sedef for the construction of a light aircraft carrier", Dartmouth Centre for Seapower and Strategy, Plymouth University, 11 May 2015.
  25. ^ a b c "The Contract For LPD Construction Has Been Signed", Bosphorus Naval News, 19 May 2015.
  26. ^ "Turkey's New Assault Carrier Will Transform Navy".
  27. ^ "TCG Anadolu'yu yerli ARAS-2023 koruyacak | STAR". Star.com.tr. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
  28. ^ Ozberk, Tayfun (2021-04-20). "Turkey Plans to Deploy Indigenous Aircraft 'Hürjet' on LHD Anadolu". Naval News. Retrieved 2021-05-11.
  29. ^ "TCG Anadolu'ya inecek TB3 SİHA'nın görüntüsü paylaşıldı". www.donanimhaber.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-05-11.
  30. ^ a b "Contract Signed for Construction of LPD Ship for Turkish Navy", Naval-technology.com, 11 May 2015.[unreliable source?]
  31. ^ a b "Havuzlu Çıkarma Gemisi 2021 yılında Deniz Kuvvetleri'ne teslim edilecek", Denizhaber.com.tr, 7 May 2015.
  32. ^ "Turkish first aircraft carrier on fire VIDEO – Maritime Bulletin".
  33. ^ Ahmet Doğan (2019-11-09). "TCG Trakya ne zaman bitecek?". DenizHaber.com.
  34. ^ Anıl Şahin (2019-02-14). "Deniz Kuvvetlerinden TCG Trakya açıklaması". SavunmaSanayiST.com.