TFF First League

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TFF First League
TFF 1.Lig logo.png
Country Turkey
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Founded 2001
Number of teams 18 (2015-16)
Level on pyramid 2
Promotion to Süper Lig
Relegation to 2. Lig
Domestic cup(s) Turkish Cup
TV partners TRT
Website 1. Lig (Turkish)
2015–16 TFF First League

The TFF First League (currently known under the terms of a sponsorship deal as the PTT 1. Lig[1]) is the second level of the Turkish football league system. The league was founded in 2000 after it was separated from the Turkish Second League Category B during reorganizing Second League, who was second level of Turkish league between 1963–2001. It was founded as the Turkish Second League Category A and started with 20 teams. The number of teams were reduced to 18 the season after, in 2002. The league was renamed TFF First League prior to the 2007–08 season. It was called Türk Telekom Lig A in 2006–2007 season.

Before the 2005–06 season, the top three teams were promoted to Süper Lig and the bottom three teams were relegated to the Turkish Second League Category B. Since the 2005–06 season through 2008–09, the top two teams are directly promoted to the Süper Lig, the teams finishing third through sixth competed in a play-off. The third-placed team played a match with the sixth-placed team, while the fourth-placed team played against the fifth-placed team. The winners of both matches then played against each other to decide the third team that was promoted. In 2009–10 the third team was determined by play-off group games, in which the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6 th teams of normal season played in a one-game league system in a neutral venue. In 2010–11 play-off status changed again and elimination match system came back but this time on a two match (home and away) basis.

The teams can be register with only 3 foreign players and 2 other Turkic country players.

Past winners[edit]

Season Champion Runner Up Third Placed
2001–02 Altay S.K. Elazığspor Adanaspor
2002–03 Konyaspor Çaykur Rizespor A. Sebatspor
2003–04 Sakaryaspor Kayserispor 1 Ankaraspor
2004–05 Sivasspor Manisaspor Kayseri Erciyesspor 1
2005–06 Bursaspor Antalyaspor Sakaryaspor 2
2006–07 Gençlerbirliği OFTAŞ İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyespor Kasımpaşa 2
2007–08 Kocaelispor Antalyaspor Eskişehirspor 2
2008–09 Manisaspor Diyarbakırspor Kasımpaşa 2
2009–10 Karabükspor Bucaspor Konyaspor 2
2010–11 Mersin İdmanyurdu Samsunspor Orduspor 2
2011–12 Akhisar Belediyespor Elazığspor Kasımpaşa 2
2012–13 Kayseri Erciyesspor Çaykur Rizespor Konyaspor 2
2013–14 İstanbul BB Balıkesirspor Mersin İdmanyurdu 2
2014–15 Kayserispor Osmanlispor Antalyaspor 2

1 Kayseri Erciyesspor renamed themselves as Kayserispor. Kayserispor also became Kayseri Erciyesspor before the start of 2004–2005 season.

2 These teams were play-off winners.


Season Clubs
2001–02 Vestel Manisaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu, Adana Demirspor 1
2002–03 Karşıyaka, Türk Telekomspor, Kayseri Erciyesspor
2003–04 Karagümrük Kyoto, Sarıyer, Mardinspor
2004–05 Uşakspor, Orduspor, Gaziantep BŞB.
2005–06 Kasımpaşa, Gençlerbirliği Asaşspor, Eskişehirspor 1
2006–07 Boluspor, Kartalspor, Giresunspor 1
2007–08 Adanaspor, Karabükspor, Güngören Belediyespor 1
2008–09 Bucaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu, Çanakkale Dardanelspor 1
2009–10 Güngören Belediyespor, Akhisar Belediyespor, Tavşanlı Linyitspor 1
2010–11 Göztepe (White Group), Elazığspor (Red Group), Sakaryaspor 1
2011–12 Şanlıurfaspor (White Group), 1461 Trabzon (Red Group), Adana Demirspor 1
2012–13 Balıkesirspor (White Group), Kahramanmaraşspor (Red Group), Fethiyespor 1
2013–14 Giresunspor (White Group), Altınordu (Red Group), Alanyaspor 1
2014–15 Göztepe (Red Group)

1 Third teams were play-off winner.

Relegated teams[edit]

Season Clubs
2001–02 Hatayspor, Siirt Jetpaspor, Erciyesspor, Batman Petrolspor, Aydınspor
2002–03 Erzurumspor, Gümüşhane Doğanspor, Etimesgut Şekerspor
2003–04 Adana Demirspor, Göztepe, İzmirspor
2004–05 Sarıyer, Adanaspor, Fatih Karagümrük S.K.
2005–06 Mersin İdman Yurdu, Yimpaş Yozgatspor, Çanakkale Dardanelspor
2006–07 Türk Telekomspor, Akçaabat Sebatspor, Uşakspor
2007–08 Elazığspor, İstanbulspor, Mardinspor
2008–09 Sakaryaspor, Güngören Belediyespor, Malatyaspor
2009–10 Hacettepespor, Çanakkale Dardanelspor, Kocaelispor
2010–11 Altay, Diyarbakırspor, Ankaraspor (Expelled)
2011–12 Giresunspor, Sakaryaspor, İstanbul Güngörenspor
2012–13 Göztepe, Kartalspor, Ankaragücü
2013–14 Fethiyespor, 1461 Trabzon, Tavşanlı Linyitspor, Kahramanmaraşspor
2014–15 Orduspor


External links[edit]

See also[edit]