TFM (piscicide)

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TFM (piscicide)
3-Trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol.png
Names
IUPAC name
4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenol
Identifiers
88-30-2
ChemSpider 6665 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 6931
Properties
C7H4F3NO3
Molar mass 207.11 g·mol−1
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

TFM (3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol) is a common piscicide, i.e., a fish poison used to combat parasitic and invasive species of fish.[1]

The substance was discovered in 1958 when researching means to combat sea lampreys and it currently remains the primary lampricide (lamprey-killer) in the Great Lakes area.[1]

TFM is nontoxic to humans and other mammals. Impact on other fish species may be controlled by selective application during the larvae season for lampreys and other management of its concentration. TFM does not accumulate, since it breaks down within several days. [1]

References[edit]